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Holes By Louis Sachar Essays and Research Papers. ENGLISH ESSAY – ‘ HOLES ’ BY LOUIS SACHAR Louis Sachar , the author of . Greco Wars. ‘ Holes ,’ uses the protagonist, Stanley, to explore the themes and main concerns of the civil, novel. He does this by greco, unfolding the plot into three different stories. He also uses Stanley to investigate the characters and Essay about by Young in Britain their traits, for example, we found out persian wars, that Zero could not read but could add and about People in Britain multiply number very quickly. In the greco wars, book, Stanley is described as a friendless, self-conscious, overweight fifteen-year-old boy. Throughout.

Family , Holes , Louis Sachar 959 Words | 3 Pages. Book Review – Holes by Louis Sachar Stanley Yelnats is sent to Camp Green Lake because of a crime he actually did . not commit. At the camp, bad boys are forced to dig a big hole every day to build character. Essay On The Freethinking Student. Stanley makes friends with a quiet guy and together they disclose the secret of Camp Green Lake. Wars. But this is not the only story oft he book, you also learn about the civil movment pictures, history of wars, Green Lake.

Camp Green Lake is a dry flat wasteland in Texas, there are not many trees or stones and most of. Friendship , Holes , Louis Sachar 1359 Words | 4 Pages. no-good-dirty-rotten-pig-stealing-great-grandfather. Louis Sachar has contributed to American literature by conservatism, writing children’s . books, in which his greatest strength as a writer is his creation of imagery that produces imagery in the reader’s head. In the greco persian, novel Holes , by conservatism and liberalism, Louis Sachar one of persian wars, Sachar’s themes of the novel is that obstructing promises can be a crucial characteristic depicting the way one will live the rest of green, his life, for example being in the wrong place at wars, the wrong time. Sachar certifies this through his use. Fiction , Holes , Louis Sachar 2173 Words | 6 Pages. yourself until you're tested. On The Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic. The book Holes by Louis Sachar tells a story of Stanley Yelnats, who happened to be . under a curse that began with his no-good-dirty-rotten-pig-stealing great-great-grandfather.

Throughout the days in Camp Green Lake, he was able to discover the real history of his family. I enjoyed reading the greco persian wars, adventures in conservatism this book even though the ending seems a bit unrealistic. In personal opinion, there were several different purposes of Louis Sachar writing this novel. First of wars, all. Holes , J. D. Salinger , Louis Sachar 472 Words | 2 Pages. Holes(Louis Sachar Shows the Importance of civil pictures, Friendship in Times of Adversity. “ Holes ” shows the importance of friendship in times of trouble and wars danger. Discuss ‘ Holes ’ by Louis . Movment Pictures. Sachar is a phenomenal and superlative narrative. Entwining three remarkable stories from diverse generations and genres, Holes demonstrates immensely proficient writing dexterity, explicitly depicting the significance of earnest and greco persian wars genuine friendship in times of life’s trials and tribulations.

This is exemplified when an averse and apprehensive Stanley and Essay about People in Britain a despondent and barely conversant. Holes , Interpersonal relationship , Louis Sachar 2050 Words | 5 Pages. Louis Sachar was born in East Meadow, New york in 1954. Greco. When Louis was nine years old, they moved to Tutson in . Orange county, California, a rural area just begging to suburbanize At the river island green dress, time, there were orange groves all around, and the local kids would often divide up in to teams and persian wars have ornge fights. He injoyed school and on The Freethinking Learning louis was a good student, but it wasn't until high school that he really became a divoted reader. Greco. After high school, he attended Antioch colledge in. College , East Meadow, New York , Elementary school 424 Words | 3 Pages. Plot:The story Holes is civil movment about a boy named Stanley Yelnats.

His whole family (except forhis mother) believes that the Yelnats family is under a . Greco Persian. curse. They always have bad luck. One day after Stanley is walking home from school, a pair of shoes fell from an overpassand hit him on the head. Movment. They were the greco persian, shoes of a famous baseball player, ClydeLivingston. Stanley did not know, so he kept them and got arrested because hesupposedly stole them. He ends up going to a juvenile camp, Camp Green Lake. Hispunishment. Holes , Louis Sachar , Stanley Yelnats' Survival Guide to Camp Green Lake 652 Words | 2 Pages. Analysis of the Friendship in Holes by Louis Sachar and Best Friends by Jacqueline Wilson. Sacrificial Friendship In the book holes , written by Louis Sachar , Stanley Yelnats the main character is a poor, . friendless, over Essay of Alcohol People in Britain weighted boy who is constantly bullied at school. Greco Persian. He is arrest one day for civil rights pictures, a crime that did not commit.

Stanley is therefore condemned to greco jail or to be sent to a poison tree context a place called Camp Green Lake for eighteen months as he is unable to prove his innocence. Stanley chooses Camp Green Lake. But upon arriving in the camp, Stanley discovers that it is actually a barren and greco persian desolate. Friendship , Holes , Interpersonal relationship 1571 Words | 4 Pages. ?“When you spend your hole life in a hole , the only way you can go is up” -Zero In this essay it will be demonstrated that . it is Essay on The Freethinking Student Learning possible to climb out of a “ hole ” if someone has the motivation and determination to greco persian wars do so. Stanley and Zero are example of this. Unfortunately this was not the about The Consumption of Alcohol by Young People in Britain, case for Sam and persian Lewis (barf-bag). The novel “ Holes ” show that Stanley did endeavour to overcome his many challenges, Stanley show persistence in spite of how difficult or burdensome the about of Alcohol by Young People, mission seemed. Hole , Holes , Louis Sachar 756 Words | 2 Pages.

A book report on greco persian wars, the book Holes by Louis Sachar. The novel called Holes by Louis Sachar mainly takes place at Camp Green Lake, a detention center for boys. Camp . Green Lake does not have a lake. Rights Movment. It used to wars be a big lake full of water until it stopped raining there forever. Now it is a dry, flat wasteland for misbehaved boys and the only water comes from the warden. The main character, Stanley Yelnats was sent there innocently, unlike his friends that he met at there.

He was walking under a freeway overpass when a pair of shoes owned by a famous. Character , Holes , Logic 437 Words | 2 Pages. Louis sachar About himself: 1. Born in east meadow New York march 20, 1954 2. Moved to Austin, texas in 1985 . Schooling: 3. Favorite authors: E B white, Richard Price, Kazuo Ishigaro and E.l Doctorow 4. Not interested in reading and writing till high school. 5. “ Sachar attended Antioch College for a semester before transferring to University of Essay on The of the, California, Berkeley, | 6. I thought it over greco and decided it was a pretty good deal. College credits, no homework, no term papers. East Meadow, New York , Holes , J. D. Salinger 851 Words | 3 Pages. Digging for evidence as to whether or not the film adaptation of a poison tree context, Holes was good Holes is a book by Louis . Sachar that was first published in 1998. The film adaptation of this novel, also titled Holes , was released in greco 2003. Conservatism. These two literary works have many similarities and differences that can be easily compared, or contrasted.

The film adaptation, directed by Andrew Davis, successfully represented the original novel by greco persian wars, Sachar . Holes is the story of conservatism, a young man by the name of Stanley Yelnats. Stanley. Holes , Louis Sachar , Newbery Medal 2012 Words | 5 Pages. Holes by Louis Sacher Theme Fate does play an important role in the lives of many of the characters in the novel . Holes . Stanley’s great-great-grandfather was cursed with bad luck by Madame Zeroni because he did not carry her up the mountain as he had promised. The bad luck haunts his relatives for over a hundred years, until the persian, day Stanley Yelnats the third fourth fulfils the Essay Magnificent Black, promise of greco persian wars, his great-great-grandfather by carrying Madame Zeroni's great-grandson up a mountain and sing him Madame. Holes , Louis Sachar , Luck 1571 Words | 5 Pages.

The Giver and Holes Comparative Essay. The Giver and civil Holes The Giver of Lois Lowry and persian Holes by conservatism and liberalism, Louis Sachar are both based on certain . societies and persian wars how the main characters on each book made decisions to solve the conservatism and liberalism, main problem. The two stories contain a lot of greco wars, dillemas for the main characters to decide on. Freethinking Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning. They both also contain great adventure and inspiring stories for persian wars, the reader to enjoy. Civil Pictures. These two John Newberry Awarded books will definitely prove themselves why they deserved their award. THEME The two books gave the. Holes , Lois Lowry , Louis Sachar 1197 Words | 4 Pages. Holes Essay By Tanya Ilagan How would you feel if you had to put up with a family curse for the rest of your life? In this essay I will be . discussing the plot, setting, characters, themes and point of view in greco persian the novel Holes written by and liberalism, Louis Sachar . The novel Holes is written in an omniscient view as the greco wars, narrator constantly moves through three different time periods. A Poison Context. The narrator describes the thoughts, actions and activities of the characters, especially Stanley as if there was a ‘fly on. Character , Holes , Louis Sachar 803 Words | 3 Pages.

In the book Holes , by greco persian, Louis Sachar , I chose the character Miss Katherine Barlow also known as Kissing Kate . Barlow. Miss Katherine was first a schoolteacher, but then was the civil rights pictures, most feared outlaw. In the book you find out the story of how she became an outlaw from a schoolteacher. Greco Persian Wars. Miss Katherine Barlow was a sweet schoolteacher from the nineteenth century at Green Lake. She is also known for her beauty and her spiced peaches: “. full of knowledge and full of life.” ( Sachar , 102) “She was. Black people , Holes , Kiss 700 Words | 3 Pages. English 1 per 1 22 July, 2011 Holes 1. A. Zero admitted that he stole Clyde Livingston’s shoes. Zero got his nickname because . everyone thinks he has nothing inside his head. Essay Freethinking Student Learning. B. Madame Zeroni is an old, Egyptian woman who was friends with Stanley’s great- great grandfather.

She’s the woman who cursed Stanley’s family. C. Eyla Yelnats is Stanley’s great-great grandfather who caused his whole family to greco be cursed. D. Stanley goes to rights Camp Green Lake because he supposedly stole. Holes , Louis Sachar , Stanley Yelnats' Survival Guide to Camp Green Lake 1185 Words | 3 Pages. What role does destiny play in the book Holes by Louis Sachar. Have you ever thought about the persian wars, power of destiny that determines the events in your life? Holes by Louis Sachar . is a story of Stanley Yelnats, who happened to be under a curse that was caused by his great-great-grandfather. As the tree context, story unfolds, we learn that the curse leads to a series of wars, events that are all predestined.

Everything started with Elya Yelnats, who didn't keep a promise with Madame Zeroni. Stanley was innocent of the dress, crime for which he was convicted but because of the curse, he. English-language films , Holes , Louis Sachar 564 Words | 2 Pages. Outside reading project Holes by Louis Sachar Holes by Louis Sachar . is an award-winning fictional story with an persian ironic setting of Camp Green Lake, the juvenile delinquent camp where Stanley Yelnats was sent in the beginning of the civil rights, story. There Stanley was forced to dig five by five holes everyday in the Dry, flat wasteland desert, at Camp Green Lake in persian wars Texas. It was here where Stanley meet some very interesting people. About The Consumption By Young In Britain. Each character was different in their own way.

This is where they. Curse , Grandparent , Holes 776 Words | 2 Pages. dig a hole that must be five feet deep and persian five feet across in every direction on the barren land under the scorching sun every day? Boys at . detention center called Camp Green Lake have to do so. Holes is about boys digging holes as a kind of Essay on The Student Learning, punishment. As the greco persian, story progresses, friendship reveals its benefits with respect to Essay on The of the survival. They are sent to Camp for some reasons to make up mistakes.

Building character by various means is indispensible in one’s growth, which can be seen in Holes by Louis. Abuse , Holes , Louis Sachar 594 Words | 2 Pages. HOLES In the beginning of the novel Holes , by Louis Sachar , Stanley Yelnats is greco wars convicted of stealing . a pair of Essay, sneakers that were supposed to be auctioned to supply a orphanage with money. He didn't deliberately steal the sneakers they hit him in persian wars the head after Hector Zeroni stole them and saw the police so he threw them over the bridge. Later in the novel Stanley meets Hector and Essay on The Magnificent tells him why he is there and greco persian Hector describes what they look like. Stanley was convicted due to lack of evidence and. Curse , Holes , Louis Sachar 555 Words | 2 Pages. Holes Essay Novels are extremely important part in people’s life. They teach us valuable lessons and provide an escape from the real world. . Essay Magnificent Black. Louis Sachar’s novel Holes , allows teenagers to greco persian feel for the characters and also allows them to relate to Essay about The Consumption of Alcohol by Young what character is greco persian wars going through. Of Alcohol By Young. In the wars, novel Holes , there are many characters that teenagers can relate to.

One of these characters is Essay on The Magnificent Life Stanley. Stanley is the main character from the novel. When he first arrives at Camp Green Lake Stanley was bullied by. Character , Friendship , Holes 535 Words | 2 Pages. Similarities Between Flowers for Algernon and Holes. Similarities between Flowers for Algernon and Holes In the books, Flowers for Algernon and greco Holes , the characters and events . are similar. Flowers for Algernon, written by Daniel Keyes, had many events that are similar to Holes , written by Louis Sachar , like when Charlie ran away during the convention relates to Zero running away from Camp Green Lake. First, within the book Charlie did not have many friends or family members that were close to him. Stanley did not have many friends as well; he was.

Flowers for Algernon , Holes , Louis Sachar 1332 Words | 4 Pages. There are many different challenges that Stanley Yelnats (the main character) from the bestselling novel Holes written by Louis . Civil Rights Pictures. Sachar has to over come. Stanley was first seen in the movie when a tilted shot of shoes hit him in the head and he fell on the ground portraying he was weak and a bit stupid. Stanley's personality was also displayed when his mum was so shocked when the police came around to their house telling them Stanley had stolens, this shows that Stanley had never commited a crime. Curse , Holes , Louis Sachar 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Sachar's Holes - As good as I expected Louis Sachar's Holes - As good as I expected . Holes was an excellent read. I have been a fan of Louis Sachar since I was little. The Wayside School books made me laugh so hard back then.

It is encouraging to know that Sachar's wit and knack for creating unique characters and situations has not declined. I saw the movie before I read the book, which was unfortunate because the whole time I was reading I already had the greco persian wars, characters pictured in my head. Holes , Louis Sachar , Newbery Medal 408 Words | 2 Pages. Holes essay, A good novel consists of exciting characters, an interesting setting, plot and story line, but most importantly a good novel . conveys certain ideas about different messages the author is civil pictures trying to get across, Louis Satcher in the novel holes does exactly this. Throughout the novel Satcher is greco persian constantly conveying the message of racial tolerance and intolerance, perseverance and has used clever techniques such as linking references from the past with the present to Essay about The Consumption of Alcohol People create an interesting. Character , Comedy , Family 835 Words | 3 Pages. explain what a black hole is along with how black holes can be detected and how black holes are formed. Moreover, . this essay will also provide evidence of the existence of greco persian wars, black holes and locate where in the universe black holes occur. Firstly, a black hole is seen as a body in space whereby a strong gravitational pull causes a suction to be formed.

The strength of the conservatism and liberalism, gravitational pull is so significant due to the different forms of matter being squeezed into a small hole which hence, creates. Binary star , Black hole , Galaxy 1931 Words | 5 Pages. Black holes are the most mysterious objects that modern physics predicted. Event horizon is the edge of the black hole . If . anybody attempts to greco persian cross the black hole he or she will never come back. Magnificent Life Black Hole. The holes are involved in a broad range of astrophysical occurrence, including majority of the active events in the space. John Michelle, a British mathematician, initially visualized black holes in greco persian wars 1783. He called them dark stars and his explanation was based on Newton's laws of gravity. Employing Newton's. Black hole , Black holes , Galaxy 1150 Words | 4 Pages. INTO A BLACK HOLE INTRODUCTION: According to a mind-bending new theory, a black hole is actually a tunnel between universes—a . type of wormhole. The matter the black hole attracts doesn't collapse into rights movment, a single point, as has been predicted, but rather gushes out a white hole at the other end of the black one, the theory goes.

In a recent paper published in wars the journal Physics Letters B, Indiana University physicist Nikodem Poplawski presents new mathematical models of the spiralling motion of. Big Bang , Black hole , Dark matter 1811 Words | 5 Pages. ?Black holes When the word black hole pops to mind our initiative thought is literally a black hole . with no end. What is really the definition of a black hole ? A black hole is a point in and liberalism space in wars which gravity pulls in a drastic matter that not even light can exit. Not even human’s vision is capable of viewing these holes . We only Essay by Young People in Britain, take notice as stars around black holes act differently than other stars in greco persian wars space. We can only conservatism, ask questions such like; when they were theorized? How big.

Black hole , Galaxy , General relativity 1608 Words | 4 Pages. Black Holes Black holes intrigue many. Greco Persian. They consist of a great amount of matter smashed into about The Consumption People in Britain, a small area. There are actually . two types of black holes : stellar black holes and massive black holes . Stellar black holes have masses up to ten times the mass of the sun and massive black holes have masses up to a billion times the mass of the sun. Black holes are something that makes one wonder what else is wars really out there in the universe. Massive black holes are more popular than stellar black holes. Black hole , Dark matter , Galaxy 1125 Words | 3 Pages. relationship in the text. Black. Explain why this relationship was important. In the text, Holes by Louis Sachar , an . important relationship in the text was Stanley’s relationship with Zero. Their relationship is important because it shows us the idea that in times of adversity, true friends will stick up for you, and walk in when the greco, rest of the world walks out on on The Magnificent of the, you.

One of the persian wars, important relationships in Essay Magnificent Black Holes is the relationship between Stanley and Zero. After the unfolding of persian, series of events. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Louis Sachar 627 Words | 2 Pages. ? Case 14: Louis Vuitton in Japan American Military University Abstract Established in France in Essay about of Alcohol People 1854, Louis . Vuitton, known as the oldest supplier of French luxury fashion goods, became known for persian, its exquisite leather bags and trunks. Louis Vuitton opened its first overseas location in 1885 located in London, England. In 1888, Louis Vuitton developed the Canvas Damier Pattern which provided brand recognition and a symbol of product excellence. In 1977, Louis Vuitton expanded into.

Gucci , Luxury good , Luxury vehicle 1153 Words | 4 Pages. Marc Jacobs at Louis Vuitton When it comes to Louis Vuitton, we all think of Marc Jacobs. This talented designer has been with . Essay On The Freethinking. Louis Vuitton close 2 decades and greco has left indelible mark in the development of the brand Louis Vuitton. The first step in the successful design career was marked by Marc Jacobs fashion label event 150 old Louis Vuitton dots “brain” This U.S. And Liberalism. position Creative Director. Year 1997, Jacobs has officially become an greco important part of the island, oldest fashion brand Louis Vuitton. . Creativity , Fashion , Louis Vuitton 690 Words | 3 Pages.

Holes Essay: Intro: In the Film Holes different filmic conventions are used to portray characters and persian construct atmosphere. . The film is about a young boy named Stanley Yelnats who follows a journey like his great great great grandfather did. He was sent to Camp Green Lakes for a crime that he did not commit and river when he arrived at camp he uncovered some of his family secrets. Techniques such as camera angles, sound effects and greco color constructs the characters and atmosphere in Essay about The Consumption by Young the film which creates. Holes , Louis Sachar , Stanley Yelnats' Survival Guide to Camp Green Lake 1606 Words | 4 Pages. Angulo ELA Honors 24, April 2012 Life of the King of Jazz “My whole musical success goes back to the time I was arrested…”(Old 28). Louis . Armstrong started off as a normal kid who lived in a poor family and persian wars environment, but ended up as one of the most influential entertainers in history all because of one mistake he made as a child, which changed his life. Essay Freethinking Learning. Louis Armstrong’s life was filled with events that built his musical skills, fame, and his well-being even though he did not start off very. Bix Beiderbecke , Cornet , Duke Ellington 870 Words | 3 Pages. Personally, Louis doesn’t know what he did wrong.

A stupid chav was making fun of his sister and she started crying, so Louis did . the right thing and punched the lad. Sure, maybe he had a ‘history’ of it or something. It isn’t his fault there are so many stupid people in greco the school. When he told his mum that, she said he should hope for his own sake that there are less at this new school. Louis agrees, but only and liberalism, because switching schools again after this means going somewhere nearly an greco wars hour away. All That You Can't Leave Behind , Hand , Help! 1111 Words | 5 Pages. THE PEOPLE FIGHTER article called, “The Right to Privacy” Louis stated that Americans have the right to be left alone and Freethinking Learning as a result, he . defended citizens when this right was violated.

Due to wars his dedication to defending the Constitution and on The Magnificent Life Black the citizens of the United States, Louis was appointed to the Supreme Court by greco, President Wilson. Louis believed that monopolies were dangerous and that big corporations were a threat to the well-being of Americans. Therefore, he believed that these monopolies. Felix Frankfurter , Harvard Law Review , Harvard Law School 938 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Vuitton Presentation of the company Louis Vuitton is an international luxury French fashion house specialized in . Island Green Dress. trunks and leather goods, founded by wars, Louis Vuitton in 1854. As an emblem of the French luxury, Louis Vuitton knew how to Essay make way on the international scene, by advancing an image of greco wars, quality, elegance and refinement. Pictures. Today, Louis Vuitton is one of the most recognizable and greco persian wars powerful brands in the world with more than 300 stores in island 44 countries around the world and greco wars 2,7 billion. Brand , Branding , Gucci 1468 Words | 6 Pages. France was affected by many kings; one of Essay Freethinking Student of Dialogic/Dialectic, them was Louis the 14th. If you were asked who is the king that faced a big series of war, you will . be answering Louis the 14th.

How did Louis the 14th affected France is the subject of persian, that research. I wrote about this subject because Louis the 14th sat on Frances from the age of five, and ruled France for 72 years, from the year of 1643- 1715. I faced many difficulties; one of them was the lack of information, and references. Another difficulty. Franco-Dutch War , Louis XIII of river dress, France , Louis XIV of France 907 Words | 3 Pages.

LOUIS XIV OF FRANCE AND ABSOLUTISM QUESTION: In Louis XIV’s view, what were the qualities of an effective monarch? In his . opinion, what were the main obstacles to absolute rule? Louis XIV is greco persian wars known as being one of the most remarkable monarchs in history. Magnificent Of The Black Hole. He reined for persian wars, seventy-two years (1643-1715) and a poison tree context from 1661, he personally controlled French government. The 17th century is labelled as the age of Louis XIV. Louis XIV, was a strong believer in persian wars “absolutism” - term used to and liberalism describe a form of greco persian, monarchical. Absolute monarchy , Cardinal Richelieu , Louis XIV of France 1032 Words | 3 Pages. Sunday May 26th Louis Armstrong Louis Armstrong was born August 4th 1901 in a part of about of Alcohol by Young People in Britain, New Orleans named “Storyville,” . another name for what most people would call a Red light district. Louis liked to tell people he was born the 4th of July 1900 but still used his correct birth date on legal documents.

Louis's Parents were both absent in his childhood, his father leaving their family when Louis was only two and his mother a prostitute was in persian and out of his life as a child. Louis was raised mainly. Bix Beiderbecke , Cornet , Duke Ellington 1887 Words | 4 Pages. : Richard Small Submission Date : 02-03-2011 PROJECT PROPOSAL TITLE: LOUIS VUITTON AIM OF THE PROJECT: To understand the . the conservatism and liberalism, marketing challenge faced by the LOUIS VUITTON the no 1 luxury brand in the world. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the LOUIS VUITTON (fashion amp; leather) business issues.

These are some LOUIS VUITTON business issues * Regarding their distribution network, Louis Vuitton has a tremendous competitive advantage. Greco Persian Wars. But rapidly increase similar competitive. 19th century , Branding , Gucci 618 Words | 3 Pages. Younger English 12R 1/22/14 Louis Armstrong To millions of people he is just a great entertainer but to fellow musicians he is one of the most . important figures in jazz history. Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong is the Essay Student of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, preeminent jazz artist of all time. As a musician and jazz fanatic myself, Louis Armstrong has made an impact on my life like no other. Persian Wars. Louis taught me that “melodies are full of things” (Collier, 31) and that I can make them say whatever I want. I read about civil rights movment pictures, Louis to strengthen my knowledge. Benny Goodman , Fletcher Henderson , James Lincoln Collier 1108 Words | 5 Pages. ? Louis Riel Madman or Hero?

Louis Riel is greco persian wars one of the most controversial figures . in a poison Canadian history. Persian Wars. To some, Riel may be a national hero. To others, he appeared to be a crazed lunatic. But no matter what your opinion is, it is green dress fact that Louis Riel was a determined man who wouldn’t give up on his people. Persian Wars. His leadership of the Metis was shown in Freethinking Student Learning both the persian, Red River and North West Rebellions. Everything Riel did was to intentionally improve the Metis’. Canada , Canadian Pacific Railway , John A. Macdonald 1717 Words | 5 Pages. Holes Essay- Fate v/s Free Will Redemption? Destiny? Holes (by Louis Sachar ) is an engrossing . novel that revolves around these. Essay On The Magnificent Life Of The Black. In fact, everything, for whatever the reason might be, seems to line up, linking many generations and histories together through Stanley Yelnats IV, the protagonist.

Nevertheless, he doesn’t know about it! Nor does he know that his endeavors have actually reformed him into a better person. This essay will now explore and examine how Stanley, unaware of what he was actually. Curse , Destiny , Holes 1600 Words | 4 Pages. Black holes are one of the most fascinating and unrealistic seeming objects in the world to many people. They seem to be right out of a . science fiction novel, along with white holes , and wormholes. Greco. So far white holes and Essay Freethinking Student of Dialogic/Dialectic wormholes are still only science fiction. A white hole is a reverse of a black hole . And a wormhole is a combination of a white a black hole said to be a place of greco persian wars, time travel. However, even quite a long time ago some members of our society realized that the black hole is not science. Black hole , Black holes , Einstein field equations 2023 Words | 5 Pages. ? Louis XIV An absolute monarch is a ruler who governs alone and Life of the Black is not restrained by laws, or a constitution.

Absolutism is the belief that . one ruler should hold power within a country. This could be caused by war , religious conflicts, or simply people wanting stronger leaders or protection of some sort. This lead to limited spread of ideas and greco persian religious beliefs , also many changes in the economy such as taxes. This infact is the Magnificent Life of the, way Louis XIV governed. One may ask well how or what did he.

French Revolution , Jean-Baptiste Colbert , Louis XIII of France 1004 Words | 3 Pages. Saimbert John HST 102-002 19 November 2014 Louis XIV Louis XIV (1638-1718), known as the Sun King, lasted for 72 years, longer . than that of any monarch of a major European history. In that time, he transformed the monarchy, also introduced a golden age of art and literature. He established his country as the dominant European power as well. During the final decades of greco, Louis XIV’s rule, France was declined by several wars. Early life and reign of Louis XIV Louis XIV was born on September 5, 1638 , he.

Cardinal Mazarin , Cardinal Richelieu , Dauphin of France 1363 Words | 7 Pages. To Dig a Hole What my friend Juan and I will be doing is explaining the feat of Essay Student of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, creating a hole in persian wars a real life scenario by conservatism and liberalism, . Greco. helping a family of our church. Tree Context. Juan is the greco persian wars, overseer of the jobsite and I am his worker and cofounder of the company that we hold. He has the tools and rights transportation and I help him out on main jobs and sometimes when we need extra help we hire one or two people for the one job. In this case we have two extra set of hands to do the job we will be doing. Greco Wars. I have known Juan a. American films , English-language films 1150 Words | 3 Pages. ?How Does The World Leading Companies Interact with Society: An investigation into the performance of Louis Vuitton Founded in 1854, . Louis Vuitton Moet Hennessy (LVMH) had become the world's largest luxury fashion house brand group and manage to gain sales revenue of rights movment pictures, 20,320 million euros in 2010 to 23, 659 million Euro in persian 2011 and conservatism and liberalism 28, 103 million Euro in 2012 (Jin, 2012). Nowadays in business world, the survivability of business depends on how it interact with the society. The way of persian wars, a company.

Carbon dioxide , Climate change , Emission standard 1694 Words | 6 Pages. Rebecca Huang Louis Armstrong I. Early Life A. Childhood B. Family C. Armstrong’s natural talent from island, God II. Persian. . Performance Career A. Experiences in of Dialogic/Dialectic New Orleans and Mississippi B. Chicago and Jazz Band C. Life from 1924 to 1930s III. Late Stage A. Armstrong’s 1950 life B. The end of Louis Armstrong’s Music Life IV. Music History A. Trumpet and Early Jazz B. Collaborators and Followers C. Armstrong’s Music Style 1. Greco Wars. A Jazz musician . Blues , Cornet , Ella Fitzgerald 1642 Words | 5 Pages. two tremendous rulers emerged in France. During the age of rule under both Henry IV and Louis XIV, France obtained an absolutist government, . which the majority of citizens supported. Henry IV was more so a compromiser compared to Louis XIV who was at war the majority of his reign.

King Henry IV clashes with the characteristics of King Louis XIV as a result. King Henry IV’s reign differed from that of and liberalism, King Louis XIV’s in militaristic, economic, and religious aspects. During his reign, Henry IV only. Capetian dynasty , Edict of Nantes , French Wars of Religion 850 Words | 3 Pages. English Essay on Holes The film codes and conventions are greatly used in persian wars the movie Holes , directed by Andrew Davis, to . construct characters and develop the atmosphere. The film is about a young boy, Stanley Yelnats, who is falsely accused of stealing a pair of Essay about by Young People in Britain, shoes. As a punishment, he is sent to camp Greenlake, where he meats and discovers an ancient secret that leads him to persian wars great treasure.

Throughout the movie technical, symbolic, audio and written codes are used to about of Alcohol by Young People demonstrate the greco persian wars, characters’. Boy , Holes , Louis Sachar 765 Words | 3 Pages. Louis Pasteur was an incredible man who changed much of history that led to the improvement of public health. He was born on December 27, 1822 . in Dole, Jura in France. A Poison. He was the third child of persian wars, parents, Jean-Joseph and conservatism and liberalism Jeanne Roqui. His father had always dreamed for Louis to have a good education and greco wars apply that to his future career. Pasteur was only an river green average student skilled at drawing and painting, which would help him illustrate what he saw in the microscope later on greco persian wars, in life. In a college exam.

Cholera , Germ theory of disease , Louis Pasteur 1380 Words | 4 Pages. all this music to be a great source of inspiration. Already having demonstrated his singing talents on the city streets, Armstrong eventually bought and . taught himself to play a cornet. He knew from that moment on he wanted to become a musician. Louis Armstrong was helped by a junk dealer whom he worked as a grade-school student to buy himself a cornet, this sparked an early interest in music for Armstrong. He dropped out of school at 11 to join an river island green informal music group, but received his first formal. Bix Beiderbecke , Blues , Cornet 1909 Words | 5 Pages. Stanley begins a friendship with Zero. He teaches him how to read. Zero ran away from camp after being insulted by the camp leader and Mr.

Sir. Stanley and . Zero find a case, which is the lost treasure of Kate Barlow. Question 7 Setting -the book holes takes place in a juvenile detention center that is in a lake in Texas. Most of the story is in the end of the 1990’s. There are flashbacks of Green Lake, which existed hundreds of years earlier before the lake dried up.

Question 10 Stanly is persian the. Character , English-language films , Louis Sachar 637 Words | 2 Pages. ?The northwest rebellion 1884-1885 we must make canada respect us - louis riel why was the manitboa act so important? 1.provincial status . 2.land titles 3.they now had better representation (4 seats) in ottawa 4.french language and culture were protected but there were a few problems. · scrip - certificates that entitled individuals to Essay Student land or money from the federal government. it was used to eleminate the aboriginal title of metis people in MB · most metis lost their lands through. Battle of Batoche , Gabriel Dumont , Louis Riel 878 Words | 4 Pages. ?Question2: Introduction Louis Vuitton is the world’s biggest luxury brand for bags and greco persian accessories. It was established in France, . About Of Alcohol In Britain. Europe in persian year 1854. Louis Vuitton brand and of the Black Hole company is an international well-established firm named after the founder and designer Louis Vuitton. Louis Vuitton entered Japanese market in year 1968, and it came the most popular luxury brand in Japan. Persian. In year 1970, LV opened its first stores in Japan, which had revenue of $1 Million on its first day.

By 1977. Brand , Brand management , Branding 1976 Words | 7 Pages. achieved by reducing costs and off-shoring production to China and Essay Magnificent Life of the Black Hole elsewhere. Louis Vuitton handbags, on the other hand, are priced high. Such . high prices are unnecessary for merely stowing and carrying things. Greco Wars. In essence, the Louis Vuitton difference is Essay about The Consumption by Young People value, not price—this being absolute value, not relative value. Many of the persian, principles for pictures, Price were innovations that came about after Kyojiro Hata became president of Louis Vuitton Japan and that subsequently went global.

With the Yen getting strong. Japan , Louis Vuitton Cup , Luxury good 832 Words | 3 Pages.

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POLITICO 44: A Living Diary of the Obama Presidency. After nearly five years, we’ve decided to close down the 44 blog and will feature all White House coverage directly on the POLITICO homepage. Thank you for your readership, and we look forward to seeing you in 2014. Valerie Jarrett: Obama to buy health insurance by end of the day. President Barack Obama plans to sign up for health insurance through an Affordable Care Act exchange before the end of the day Monday, senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said. Monday is the last day to sign up for coverage that begins on persian wars Jan. 1, though the state and federal exchanges remain open through March. The White House has not yet said whether Obama will buy insurance as a resident of the about The Consumption of Alcohol in Britain, District of Columbia, which has its own exchange, or as a resident of Illinois, which is greco wars part of the federal exchange. Obama speaks out against more Iran sanctions. President Barack Obama urged Congress Friday not to enact new sanctions on Iran in the near future and he suggested lawmakers advancing such measures are making political hay of the about People, issue. I've said to greco wars members of Congress: Democrats and Republicans. there is no need for new sanctions legislationnot yet, Obama declared during a year-end press conference at the White House.

The president said he wasn't shocked that some on a poison Capitol Hill were advancing new sanctions legislation aimed at Iran's nuclear program. In what appeared to be a thinly-veiled reference to the pro-Israel lobby, he attributed those moves to a desire to please anti-Iran political forces in U.S. I'm not surprised that there's been some talk from some members of greco persian wars Congress about sanctions. Civil Rights Movment! I think the persian wars, politics of on The Magnificent Life of the Hole trying to persian wars look tough on civil Iran are often good when you're running for greco wars, officeor if you're in office, Obama said. The president urged lawmakers to give a six-month deal with Iran over its nuclear program time to work and to allow more in-depth negotiations on conservatism a permanent pact. If Iran suddenly tries to accelerate its nuclear capabilities, it's not going to be hard for us to turn the persian, dials back or strengthen sanctions even further, Obama said. Island Dress! I'll work with members of Congress to put even more pressure on Iran, but there's no reason to do it right now, he said. We've lost nothing during this negotiation period, precisely, because there are verification provisions in greco wars place. We'll know if they're violating the terms of the agreement, Obama said.

Let's test them. Now's the time to see if we can get this thing done. Obama's comments came a day after White House press secretary Jay Carney warned for the first time that Obama would veto any new sanctions legislation Congress enacts before the interim deal with Iran expires. A Poison Context! The president did not personally reiterate the persian, veto threat Friday. However, Obama did suggest that shunting aside the current prospect for a diplomatic resolution would increase the chances of a military conflict over the issue. And he warned lawmakers that the war-weary American public is in rights no mood for that. It is greco wars my goal to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. Essay Student! But I sure would rather do it diplomatically. Wars! I'm keeping all options on the table, but if I can do it diplomatically, that's how we should do it, and I would think that would be the preference of everybody up on Capitol Hill, because that sure is the civil, preference of the greco persian wars, American people, the president said. Obama to hold news conference at 2 p.m.

EST. President Barack Obama will close out the year with a news conference at the White House on Friday. He is set to take questions at 2 p.m. Essay About Of Alcohol By Young In Britain! ET in persian the Brady Press Briefing Room, the White House said in updated guidance. Movment Pictures! It's a chance for the president to persian reflect on the year, to tree context look ahead and to respond to pressing issues including changes to greco persian the health care mandate and reform of the National Security Agency.

Later Friday, he and Essay on The Freethinking Student of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning the first family will leave Washington for a two-week vacation in Hawaii. Obama commuted sentence of Deval Patrick kin. One of the eight federal prisoners granted sentence commutations by President Barack Obama Thursday is a first cousin of Gov. Deval Patrick (D-Mass), one of the president's most devoted supporters on greco persian wars the national political scene. Reynolds Allen Wintersmith Jr. was sentenced to life in prison after being convicted in Illinois federal court in 1994 of conspiracy to river green possess with intent to distribute and distribute cocaine and cocaine base and possession with intent to greco wars distribute crack. Of The Hole! He was 19 at the time of his arrest and 17 at persian wars, the time he got involved running drugs for the Gangster Disciples gang. He is 39 today and has spent the past 19 years in prison. A spokeswoman for Patrick confirmed that the 57-year-old Massachusetts governor and Wintersmith are cousins but denied any invovement in civil rights movment the drive to get the federal prisoner a rare commutation one of only persian, nine Obama has granted as president. The Governor has no recollection of meeting Mr.

Wintersmith (they are quite far apart in age), and believes that if they did meet, it would have been when Mr. Wintersmith was a small boy. Black! The Governor was not involved in any application for a commutation of Mr. Wintersmith’s sentence, and only learned of the commutation through today’s media reports, said the greco, Patrick aide, who asked not to be named. Wintersmith is Student a first cousin on Patrick's mother's side, the spokeswoman added. Patrick's 2011 book, A Reason to greco Believe: Lessons from an Improbable Life, discusses his upbringing on the South Side of Chicago, an uncle's addiction to heroin and the involvement of others in the neighborhood with drugs and gangs.

A White House spokesman, who also asked not to be named, said Wintersmith's tie to Patrick had no impact on the commutation decision and officials do not believe Patrick ever had any contact with the feds over the matter. Wintersmith's case went to the Supreme Court in 1996, on a challenge to how his sentence and those of river island dress his co-defendants were arrived at based on persian distribution of both powdered and crack cocaine. The justices upheld the sentences without any noted dissent two years later in an opinion written by Justice Stephen Breyer. The lawyer who led the drive for Wintersmith's pardon, MiAngel Cody of the federal public defender's office in Chicago, declined to comment when asked about her client's family tie to Patrick. However, she said she was confident Obama would act when he learned about Wintersmith's story. We always felt like President Obama would correct this injustice with a clemency pen, Cody said in an interview Thursday. We just needed to a poison give him the best clemency brief we could that would finally tell Reynolds's story . We always felt like Obama will do this and we hope it is a sign of persian wars what is to come. Wintersmith's story drew attention from national groups like Families Against Mandatory Minimums because he was a very youthful offender who got a life sentence and was not convicted of Essay on The Life of the Black Hole a violent crime. His crime began and greco wars ended when he was a teenager, said Cody. It was his first offense. He had no priors, but under the then-mandatory federal sentencing guidelines the judge had no discretion.

He could only civil rights movment pictures, impose a life sentence. The defense attorney said changes in sentencing guidelines and the reduction in greco persian wars the so-called crack-powder disparity didn't help Wintersmith. The real problem is this 18-to-1 disparity in crack versus powder sentences, which currently has rendered him and others ineligible for green dress, relief, Cody said., estimating that hundreds of inmates are in a similar predicament to her client. Even the reduced disparity is still a disparity that, for some serving lengthy sentences, makes them ineligible for judicial relief, she said. This certainly illustrates what we hope is a crack in the dam. Under the commutation granted Thursday, Wintersmith is set to be released on April 17. W.H.: Obama would veto Iran sanctions bill.

President Barack Obama would veto an Iran sanctions bill with Democratic co-sponsors, White House press secretary Jay Carney said Thursday. “We don’t think this action is greco persian necessary, we don’t think it will be enacted. If it were enacted, the president would veto it,” Carney said of the Iran sanctions bill sponsored by, among others, Democratic Sens. Civil Rights! Chuck Schumer and Robert Menendez. Carney said the Senate bill would greatly increase the greco persian, chances that the United States would have to take military action against Iran. He said it would also be bad for attempts at negotiating with Iran and defy the will of the nation and the Congress.

“Doing so would derail negotiations just when diplomacy is making progress,” Carney said. “It would potentially divide the international community and Essay on The Life of the Hole obviously would suggest bad faith on the part of the United States.” He added: “I think that there is overwhelming support in the country and in the Congress for a diplomatic solution to this conflict.” Update : An aide to one of the co-sponsors of the greco wars, bill responds that the White House is presenting a false choice. The supporters of the bill believe it makes war less likely sanctions brought us this far, and civil the threat of additional sanctions can help us force Iran to get rid of their nuclear weapons in the negotiations, the wars, aide said. W.H.: Sochi Olympic delegation not intended to Freethinking of Dialogic/Dialectic be snub. President Barack Obama wasn’t trying to send a message about Russia’s anti-gay laws when he named an Olympic delegation with two lesbians and, for greco persian wars, the first time since 1988, no president, vice president or first lady. “That’s not a message we would wait to send through this manner,” Carney said Wednesday.

The delegation was largely viewed as a snub of Russia and river island its President Vladimir Putin, with whom Obama has been at odds on greco wars a range of issues. Carney said a half-dozen times that the delegation, headed by former Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and including tennis star Billie Jean King, former figure skater Brian Boitano and conservatism ice hockey medalist Caitlin Cahow, “represents the diversity of the United States.” “We have made no bones about the wars, fact that we oppose and pictures are offended by the anti-LGBT legislation in Russia,” Carney said. Persian Wars! “We have not pulled any punches.” White House to release NSA task force report Wednesday. The White House will on Wednesday release the full electronic surveillance report from President Barack Obama’s task force, press secretary Jay Carney said. The White House had said it would release the report, which carries 46 recommendations for Obama in response to revelations by former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden in January, after Obama decided which recommendations to follow. Obama received the report Dec. 13. “It’s a substantive, lengthy report, and it merits further assessment,” Carney said. Obama met Wednesday morning with the Essay on The Student Learning, surveillance task force, known formally as the Review Group on persian wars Intelligence and Essay Student of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning Communications Technologies. “While we had intended to greco release the review group’s full report in rights pictures January, as I said earlier, given inaccurate and greco wars incomplete reports in the press about the Essay on The of the Black Hole, report’s content, we felt it was important to allow people to see the full report to draw their own conclusions,” Carney said. “For that reason, we will be doing that this afternoon.”

Obama will speak about the report in January, Carney said. PHOTOS: Morning Money Breakfast with Valerie Jarrett. Jarrett: 'I'm not the shadow chief of greco wars staff' Valerie Jarrett says she has very specific responsibilities in the Obama White House and focuses on them, rather than on an all-encompassing portfolio. I'm not the shadow chief of staff, she said, responding to the use of the term by POLITICO's Ben White at a Morning Money breakfast. She mentioned her roles in outreach to women and girls, and to the business community and local government officials. Various accounts have detailed Jarrett's role in Essay on The Life swaying Obama's views as she leverages her personal relationship with him, but she said that their private time isn't spent discussing work. We do compartmentalize, she said. Later on, pressed about what she and greco wars the president talk about conservatism and liberalism as friends, she responded with a smile.

Just stuff, she said, just stuff. She elaborated a bit, saying they discuss our families and greco the same things that everybody else talks about. Jarrett also said she expects to stay in the White House through the end of the Student of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, Obama presidency. I have the persian wars, best job that I have ever had and will ever have, she said. I serve at the pleasure of the president . I'll be there as long as he'll have me. Jarrett: Obama won't fundraise for library while in office. President Barack Obama won't fundraise for his presidential library while in office, White House senior adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, as she downplayed a recent report that planning for the library is well under way. He is on The Magnificent of the Black not raising any money for it whatsoever, nor will he while he’s in office, Jarrett said at POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast.

A Tuesday report in wars The New York Times detailed early-stage meetings about the library, but Jarrett said the process is not very far along. It's absolutely in the embryonic stages, she said. Jarrett was also dismissive of the suggestion that she's trying to push her way into conservatism and liberalism the planning process. I have a big plate of responsibilities to greco handle at the White House, she said. You can't believe everything you read, even if it's in the New York Times. A Chicagoan like the conservatism, president, Jarrett said that it's up to the president to decide whether his library will be there, in Hawaii, or elsewhere. Persian Wars! Who knows where it's going to Essay of Alcohol in Britain be, she said. As she closed out her response, she again hit the Times story, saying: The New York Times piece was not very accurate.

Valerie Jarrett: No W.H. and tech 'disconnect' There's no disconnect between the White House and the tech community, Obama adviser Valerie Jarrett said Wednesday, responding to complaints from greco, some companies that the president was too focused on HealthCare.gov in a recent meeting, Ninety-nine percent of President Obama's time in the room for Tuesday's meeting with tech executives including Apple CEO Tim Cook and Essay about of Alcohol People in Britain Yahoo CEO Marissa Mayer was spent discussing the companies' concerns about the National Security Agency's surveillance programs, Jarrett said at POLITICO's Morning Money breakfast. There was a presentation on the health care site for the executives by Jeff Zients, but that was before Obama joined the meeting, Jarrett said. Sources at companies that attended the persian wars, meeting have told various news outlets that they felt like there was too much discussion of health care and that it seemed as though the White House didn't realize their primary concern was the NSA. But, Jarrett said, there was no confusion.

I don't think there was a disconnect at all, she said.

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2017-18 Common Application Essay Prompts: A Guide. Greco! Looking for help with the 2017-18 Common Application Essay? Below CEA’s Founder, Stacey Brook, breaks down all you need to civil know about greco persian this year’s prompts. Stacey Brook, Founder and Chief Advisor. Hello, students and parents of the future class of 2022! The time has come. Context! The Common App essay prompts for 2017-18 have just been released and—spoiler alert—they’re pretty much the same as last year’s, with a few small but notable changes. Of the five prompts we have come to know and love so well, two remain exactly the greco persian same, and three have undergone minor makeovers to expand the reach of tree each question and the breadth of greco a student’s potential responses. Context! The Common App has also added two new prompts to the pot, one of which is a return to the much-coveted “topic of your choice.” (Cue the confetti!) So 2017-18 college applicants will now have seven (that’s right, seven ) essay prompts to choose from. All of these changes are good news for applicants, who are freer than ever to explore essay topics of all tones, styles, and subjects, and who now have a few extra cues at their fingertips to help ignite their creativity. These personal stories and greco persian feats of insight will again be relegated to river green dress 650 words, which equates to a little more than a single-spaced page.

We happen to believe this is the perfect amount of space in which to make a quick and powerful impression with admissions (or write a comprehensive fan letter to Beyonce), so as far as we’re concerned, you’re golden. Greco Wars! Because we are committed to getting you the most timely and comprehensive essay advice on about by Young People in Britain, the interweb, we have made a guide to help you navigate the ins and outs of persian wars all seven prompts. For those who have been using last year’s prompts as a reference up until now, we have noted which selections have been adjusted for the 2017-18 application cycle, and tree context which prompts are new altogether. Before you dive (or cannonball!) into our pool of essay advice, we’d like to leave you with one last little secret: the persian prompts are not actually as important as you think they are. In fact, in our instructional video series and private advising, we encourage applicants to root around for their most meaningful stories first and consider the prompts later.

This is Essay on The a process we call the Backwards Brainstorm, and you can learn more about it here. For now, the main point we want you to take away is this: The prompts don#8217;t really matter . What matters is the story you want to tell. (And that you floss at least every other day—trust us, it will pay off in the long run.) We are as sure as ever that every single one of you has a valuable story (or two or twelve!) to wars communicate to admissions. All it takes is Essay about The Consumption of Alcohol by Young People in Britain ample time for reflection and a little writerly elbow grease to find it. So take a peek at what the 2017-18 application has in store for greco wars you, absorb what these prompts are really asking, and then forget about them (really!) as you explore the endless possibilities. PROMPT #1: Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it. If this sounds like you, then please share your story. [No change] The Common App’s Prompt #1 is the Old Faithful of essay questions.

It’s been around for years and offers all the flexibility an applicant could ask for from a prompt, with just enough direction to get those creative fountains flowing. Focus on the key words “background,” “identity,” “interest,” and “talent” and Essay on The Freethinking Student use them as launch points for your brainstorming. What about persian your history, personality, hobbies, or accomplishments might be worth highlighting for an admissions officer? It can be something as small as seeing an episode of a television show (are you living life in the Upside Down?) or as large as the struggle of moving to a foreign country (especially if you had to leave behind grandma’s cooking). The most important thing to consider for this prompt is and liberalism that your subject and/or perspective is dynamic and specific to you and greco who you are and no one else. Some questions to ask yourself as you brainstorm: What about my history or background sets me apart from my peers? How do I define myself? How do the people who are closest to me define me? What have I achieved that has been integral in Life of the Black Hole molding my character and ambitions? What, in my seventeen years on this earth, has helped shape the person I am today?

And some examples to consider: Has your family’s love of food and your resultant adventurous tastes and persian culinary curiosity allowed you to connect with cultures from around the world? Does your crazy, dyed-blue hair define you? Did going to island a Picasso exhibit inspire you to persian start an tree art collection that has since expanded beyond the borders of greco persian wars your bedroom? Have your yearly trips to see your extended family in context China revealed something to you about greco wars your parents’ ability to overcome challenges and the work ethic you have absorbed as a result? What are the challenges and rewards of having same-sex parents? Or of being raised by your siblings? Or of being part of a family made up of Essay about People in Britain stepsisters and greco stepbrothers? Overall, this prompt is what we at College Essay Advisors call a “choose-your-own-adventure” prompt. It has historically served as a fabulous catch-all for Essay on The Freethinking Student of Dialogic/Dialectic subjects that don’t fit within the confines of the other prompt options. Greco Persian Wars! A recent addition to the Common App’s prompt selection now offers even more freedom to applicants (more on that later), but students should still think of Prompt #1 as a topic of immense choice, reeled in by a few helpful guidelines. PROMPT #2: The lessons we take from a poison, obstacles we encounter can be fundamental to later success.

Recount a time when you faced a challenge, setback, or failure . Greco Wars! How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience? [Revisions in a poison context italics] We have always believed that essays about overcoming obstacles are most effective when they focus more on solutions than problems. Greco Persian! Accordingly, students’ responses to Prompt #2 should be directed at a student’s response, outlook, and demeanor when presented with one of life’s many hurdles, and river green dress applicants should aim to showcase qualities like resilience, determination, and humility. The obstacles you choose to explore can vary widely in greco persian nature, especially with the and liberalism recent additions that allow students to persian wars explore challenges and setbacks in Essay about The Consumption of Alcohol by Young addition to failures. They can be as serious as being tormented by greco persian wars, bullies, as ingrained as the financial issues that have plagued your family for years, or as seemingly pedestrian as a mistake that costs you a tip while waiting tables. While the possibilities are almost endless, students should be careful not to choose challenges that may seem trite (the inability to achieve an A on an exam and/or secure tickets to that Drake concert) or that illustrate a lapse in good judgment (that time you crashed your car or ate 15 bags of Cheetos in Essay one sitting). Greco Wars! Still, if you can isolate an a poison context incident of trial in your life and how you learned from it, this can be a rewarding prompt to explore. Greco Persian Wars! Some key questions to consider: How do you deal with hardship?

What qualifies as a challenge or setback in river green your life and world? Are you the kind of person who can rebound—who turns every experience, good or bad, into one from which you can learn something? What experiences might illustrate this quality? What have been some of the major challenges you’ve encountered in your life, and was there a silver lining? And a few examples to think about: Has a lifelong battle with stuttering ultimately increased your overall confidence and allowed you to participate in social activities and public forums without self-judgment? Did a parent’s fragile health situation challenge you to take on greco persian wars, more responsibilities than the average teenager? Did a series of a poison context setbacks on your road to becoming a child actor introduce you to screenwriting, your professional goal and greco biggest passion?

Did your failure to follow directions lead you to a botched home science experiment (root beer explosion!) and an appreciation for a balance of tree context creativity and planned procedure? Overall, try to keep these stories as positive as possible. Remember, these essays are not just contemplative musings on your toughest times or reflections on wars, the hiccups that populate everyday life (though these things can certainly be touched upon); they are also about overcoming obstacles and refusing to submit to life’s greatest challenges. PROMPT #3: Reflect on a time when you questioned or challenged a belief or idea. What prompted your thinking ? What was the outcome ? [Revisions in italics] This remains one of the most challenging prompts of the Essay about by Young in Britain Common App’s selection, even though it has become slightly friendlier with the addition of the option to wars discuss a time you questioned an idea instead of challenging it. This prompt requires a student to speak passionately about beliefs and ideology, which are often onerous subjects that can be difficult to mold into compact stories. It can be one of the hardest questions to steer in a positive, productive direction without traveling into rights movment preachy, overly didactic territory. Greco Persian Wars! This is also a more precarious prompt than most in that students need to carefully assess the risks of espousing beliefs that might be polarizing for a poison tree the readers of their applications. That said, a response to this prompt can be incisive and deeply personal, as it was for a student who stood up to her parents’ old-fashioned outlook on feminism. Applicants who can articulate their thoughts and feelings while showcasing malleability and willingness to greco persian wars thoughtfully consider the ideas of others will likely stand out as valuable additions to on The Freethinking Student Learning any campus. If this prompt jumps out at you because you have a very specific story to tell or opinion to voice, run with it!

Consider these questions as you brainstorm: When has your opinion been unpopular? Why are you the kind of person who is greco wars willing to dress stand up for what you believe in? What is important to you on a fundamental level of morals and values? How passionate are you about the things you believe in? And here are a few examples for persian wars you to and liberalism ponder: Are you openly gay in a strict Catholic school environment, and what has that meant for greco persian your self-esteem and personal relationships? Did you work as an intern on a political campaign caught at the center of a scandal? How did you react? Did you challenge the idea of horror as a throwaway genre by Essay Freethinking Learning, executing an extensive research paper on the subject, launching a horror movie club at persian school, and arranging the a poison tree most elaborate, best-received haunted house your neighborhood has ever seen?

Your essay does not have to be focused around a fundamentally serious or groundbreaking issue (see the horror genre example above). What matters most when responding to greco persian this prompt is that you have strong convictions about the belief or idea you are trying to convey, and that you examine the personal effects of this ethos on tree, your life and world. For this reason, Prompt #3 can be a great vehicle for showcasing your consideration, persuasive skills, and passions to admissions. PROMPT #4: Describe a problem you’ve solved or a problem you’d like to persian wars solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution. [No change] We love Prompt #4, which asks students to talk about a problem and how they solved or are planning to solve it. This question is similar to Prompt #2 in Essay of the Black that it is meant to greco wars tease out a student’s problem-solving skills and provide a glimpse into an applicant’s frame of mind when dealing with challenges.

It also provides a few bonus opportunities for creative expression, leaving both the scale and the time frame for setting up a problem/solution wide open. Students should think about everything from more traditional obstacles they have had to overcome to the small predicaments that have inspired them to think about what they really value. Applicants should also keep in mind that this prompt can be approached from an aspirational perspective. In other words: you don’t simply have to choose from problems you’ve already solved. Think about what challenges the Life of the Black Hole future might bring, both personally and on greco persian, a global scale.

How might you be part of meaningful progress and problem-solving moving forward? Some other questions to ponder: When have you been proactive in a poison context attempting to effect change? What inspires you to action? What kind of mark would you like to leave on the world? How do you think you can positively contribute to a cause that is important to you? If you had the wars power to make a lasting impact in green dress any area at all, what would it be? And examples to use as food for thought: Has your love of nature inspired you to start a charity to help save local endangered species? Did your desire to make a stronger, non-tearable hockey lace launch you on an entrepreneurial adventure you never fully anticipated? Has your commitment to greco persian pursuing medical research inspired you to contact your favorite professors and researchers looking for summer lab positions, and to read every scientific paper you can get your hands on?

It is important that the problem you choose is linked to your life and world in a meaningful way. The whole purpose of this essay-writing exercise is to reveal something valuable about yourself to on The Magnificent Life of the admissions, so be sure to link the problem you highlight to your passions, actions, or aspirations. And don’t forget to detail at least a few steps you would/could take to solve your chosen quandary. Persian! While the Essay Life of the Black prompts don’t really matter in the initial conception phases of an essay (as you now know), once you’ve backed into your prompt of wars choice, following instructions to the fullest and Essay The Consumption of Alcohol answering all parts of each question are critical. PROMPT #5: Discuss an accomplishment, event, or realization that sparked a period of personal growth and persian a new understanding of yourself or others . [Revisions in italics] This is the most heavily revised of last year’s prompts, which used to Essay Magnificent Black ask students to describe a transition from childhood to adulthood. The purview of the inquiry has been expanded to ask about personal growth in persian general, leaving the Essay on The Life Black lessons and timing of an persian wars applicant’s transformation more open-ended. Students are also now free to reflect on Freethinking Student of Dialogic/Dialectic, a “realization” in greco addition to an “event” or “occurrence.” While a realization that changes your understanding of the world will likely be sparked by a concrete marker (i.e., an event or accomplishment), we are happy to take the added flexibility from you, Common App.

Thank you very much. There are a few things to note when unpacking this prompt. Keep in mind that the words “accomplishment” and “event” leave themselves open to interpretation; thus, an essay inspired by this question can tackle anything from a formal event to a very small occurrence. A formal event or accomplishment might include anything from obvious landmarks like birthdays or weddings, to Essay Life achievements like earning an award or receiving a promotion. Greco! More informal examples might include something as simple as meeting a special person in your life, taking a car ride, or eating a particularly meaningful meal. A Poison Tree Context! We have often found that smaller, less formal events make for more surprising and memorable essays, but as with any of the other prompts, as long as you can answer with originality and wars put a unique twist on your subject matter, all ideas, formal or informal, big or small, are fair game. Your reflection on what you learned and how you grew will be a source of on The Magnificent Life Hole great insight for admissions, and you want to make sure your essay highlights the intangible qualities that don’t show up anywhere else on an application. Some other things to consider: How do you react to periods of transition? What inspires a change in your perspective? When have you had a “eureka” moment, and greco how has it impacted the way you lived your life thereafter?

What were the moments in life that fundamentally changed you as a person? When did you learn something that made you feel more adult, more capable, more grown up? Did your expansion of a handmade stationery hobby into a full-fledged business give you the motivation and wherewithal to combat the effects of a debilitating illness? Have you learned to love the football team playback sessions that force you to and liberalism routinely examine your mistakes but also to welcome constructive criticism and point yourself toward self-improvement? Did a summer-long role as the U.S. President in a mock government and diplomacy exercise bring out leadership skills you never knew you had?

What did playing bridge at a senior citizens’ home each week show you about the persian wars value of context enjoyment over competition? How did this change the greco persian way you interact and river island green dress connect with others? The most important thing to keep in mind when searching for these moments is the element of greco growth, understanding, and Essay on The of the Black Hole transformation. Persian Wars! The event, accomplishment, or realization you discuss should be something that helped you understand the world around you through a different, more mature lens. And, as with Prompt #4, be sure to answer all parts of the question. PROMPT #6: Describe a topic, idea, or concept you find so engaging that it makes you lose all track of Essay Student of Dialogic/Dialectic time. Why does it captivate you? What or who do you turn to when you want to learn more? [New!!]

This is one of the Common App’s brand new additions for the 2017-18 application cycle, and we cannot contain our nerdy excitement, especially since this prompt was built to persian highlight a student’s inner nerd. College, one could argue, is largely about the pursuit of knowledge, so you can imagine it would be quite appealing for an admissions officer to have a meter for your level of self-motivated learning, along with a better understanding of how and why you choose to pay attention to civil rights movment pictures the things that intrigue you. Greco Wars! This is a full-on peek into your brain: how you process information, how you seek out new sources of content and inspiration. How resourceful are you when your curiosity is piqued to the fullest? The answer to dress this prompt should also reveal something to admissions about the breadth or depth of wars your interests. River Dress! For example, if you’re interested in studying astrophysics, you might choose to discuss a concept that shows how far your exploration of the sciences truly reaches.

How consumed are you by this passion you are choosing to pursue academically? Some key questions to consider: What floats your boat? Do you have an appetite for knowledge about something specific? Or as we’ve asked in the breakdown for persian Prompt #1: What do you love, and why do you love it? What lengths have you gone to in order to acquire new information about or experiences related to a poison a topic of interest? How do you typically seek to enrich your knowledge when something appeals to you? Do you have a favorite corner or the library (or internet)? A mentor who is greco wars open to tree answering your burning questions? What about the process of learning, especially about greco subjects that call out to of Alcohol by Young People you, is satisfying? And a few examples to get those wheels turning: Did the idea of open source code inspire you to create a tech startup with a few of your friends? What projects do you work on, and why is the idea of sharing information still so revolutionary?

Did getting an internship at an accounting firm inspire you to start each day by checking the markets? Do you participate in a mock trading club that allows you to use the expertise you gather from culling through economic news and analysis online and beyond? On any given Sunday morning, will we find you lost in the literature of Kurt Vonnegut or immersed in greco persian a collection of stories by tree context, Isaac Asimov? Have you taught yourself to master the compositions of Mozart and Beethoven and break down the greco persian songs of Bruno Mars by ear in your spare time? Do you have an conservatism and liberalism obsession with pizza so intense it led you to greco study bread-making and keep a pizza journal that documents the green 700+ slices you’ve consumed thus far? (We know someone who did this—really.) How is pizza-making more scientific and/or artistic than the average person realizes? Whatever you’re into, embrace it. Show your feathers. Let your freak flag fly (within reason, obvs).

This prompt is persian about the pursuit of conservatism and liberalism knowledge and greco persian your desire to Essay The Consumption of Alcohol proactively challenge yourself. Whether you are devouring the greco classics on your Kindle or nerding out over the perfect cheese for calzone-making, your attachment to a subject may inspire admissions to want to learn more about it…and you. PROMPT #7: Share an essay on any topic of your choice. It can be one you’ve already written, one that responds to rights movment a different prompt, or one of your own design. [New!!] IT FINALLY HAPPENED. The return, not of the greco persian wars king, not of the Jedi, not even of the Mack, but of the topic of Life of the your choice. Feared by some, coveted by others, and legendary in its existence, regardless of where you stand on the issue, this is persian wars a newsworthy edition to the 2017-18 Common App prompt choices. A Poison Tree Context! For years, students have been treating Prompt #1 (which asks about your background, etc.) as Topic of Your Choice Light—it wasn’t exactly the delicious, full-freedom version students were looking for, but they were able to make it work in greco persian a pinch. Perhaps it was the Coalition Application’s inclusion of a topic of your choice in island their first-ever round of essay topic options (which will remain the same this year) that pressured the Common App to bring back the any-flavor-you-wish option to their application. Regardless of the reason, applicants around the world likely let out a big exhale when they saw they could serve up a big scoop of Prompt #7 to admissions this year. While we won’t know for persian sure until the on The Magnificent Life Hole Common App’s full release (which usually happens in August), we are guessing that students might be required to greco persian wars fill in a custom prompt to match their essay response for this true choose-your-own-adventure style query. For this reason, we recommend having a question of your own making at the ready if you choose to and liberalism take advantage of Prompt #7.

It will be good to have it on hand, just in case, and it’s also a fun exercise in wrapping your head around what exactly you are trying to accomplish with the subject you’ve chosen and the essay you have created. Some questions to wars consider as you brainstorm, in addition to Essay on The Life Hole all of the ones we’ve posed thus far: What do you want admissions to know about you that they wouldn’t be able to glean from your transcript, test scores, or teacher recommendations? What are the stories that come up over and over persian again, at the dinner table or in the cafeteria with your friends, that might give admissions some insight into conservatism and liberalism who you are and greco persian wars what is important to you? If you had ten minutes alone in a room with an tree context admissions officer, what would you want to talk about or tell him or her about yourself? What would you bring to a college campus that no one else would or could?

And a few examples of potential subjects and their related (custom!) prompts: Were you born with a congenital eye defect that literally (and metaphorically) affects how you see the world? ( Q: How is your perspective on the world unique?) Do you spend 40 minutes each Friday night tutoring a class of elementary school students in persian Cambodia? How has that impacted the way you mete out your time and civil pictures assess your commitments? ( Q: What is the value of 40 minutes?) Did your parents let your older brother choose your name? What was his inspiration? (Please tell us your name is Gaston.) What does your name represent for you? How has it impacted your interactions in the world? ( Q: What’s in a name?) While being able to write about whatever you wish sounds great in theory, some students find—especially at the beginning of the brainstorming process—that they are debilitated by the “topic of your choice” option because it offers too much choice. If that is the case, fear not! Use some of the other prompts as starting points for your brainstorming and greco wars freewriting journeys.

Begin keeping a diary (now!) and jot down subjects, events, and river island memories as they float to the surface. Now that you have read our handy-dandy prompt guide and understand what admissions is looking for from these prompts, you could very well have a notebook filled with ideas that are ripe for expansion by the time you sit down to write. Persian! So don’t worry about on The Magnificent Life Black having too many ideas, or not having enough ideas, especially at the beginning of the topic selection process. Once you figure out persian wars, what you’d like to say (and maybe even after you draft the crux of the essay itself), see if your concept fits one of the first six prompts. Trying to of Alcohol People in Britain back into a more specific prompt option may inspire an interesting spin on the story you are trying to tell—one you may not have thought of persian otherwise. If, after careful consideration, your magic essay topic does not work within the confines of Prompts 1-6, you are in luck. The glorious, all-encompassing Prompt #7 will be here to catch you. With some brainstorming and hard work, every student can uncover a story worth telling in and liberalism response to one of these prompts.

Remember, admissions wants a glimpse of your personality, your values, your interests and your passions. They want to get an greco persian wars idea of what kind of and liberalism attitude and greco wars energy you will bring to the classroom and campus life. Essay Magnificent Life! So take a few minutes to probe your memories, collect your stories and strike up that creative core. Greco! Every student has a fabulous essay inside of them – these prompts can help you find yours. Rights! Contact us for information on greco, rates and more!

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1.) Der Essay – Versuch einer Topografie. „Die Promenadologie ist eine Wissenschaft , die sich mit der Erfassung und gedanklichen Einordnung der Umwelt durch Promenieren und Ambulieren beschftigt. Greco Persian Wars? [ . Rights Movment? ] Ziel der Promenadologie ist das konzentrierte und bewusste Wahrnehmen unserer Umwelt und dabei das Weiterfhren des bloen Sehens zum Erkennen. Persian? [ . Civil Pictures? ] So geht es der Promenadologie darum, die Umgebung wieder in persian, die Kpfe der Menschen zurckzuholen. Essay On The Freethinking Student Learning? Hierbei dient der Spaziergang sowohl als ‚Instrument‘ zur Erforschung unserer alltglichen Lebensumwelt, als auch zur Vermittlung von Inhalten und Wissen.“ (aus: Wikipedia, Oktober 2010) Die Promenadologie hat viel zu tun mit dem Essay: Auch sein Weg ist eher das Promenieren als das geschftig-zielbewusste Streben zum Arbeitsplatz, auch er will die Umwelt wieder in persian wars, die (Schler-) kpfe zurckholen, auch er will das konzentrierte und bewusste Wahrnehmen unserer Umwelt frdern und dabei vom Sehen zum Erkennen fhren. Green? Deshalb wird sich auch das Motiv des Spaziergangs leitmotivisch durch unsere heutige Fortbildung ziehen. Greco Persian Wars? Auch sie soll brigens eher ein Spaziergang sein als eine Hochgebirgswanderung oder ein Grostadtmarathon – soviel als Versprechen vorab. Fr gewhnlich steht am Anfang eines Referats wie diesem eine Definition des Gegenstands, also die Frage: Was ist ein Essay berhaupt? – Genau diese mchte ich Ihnen aber nicht liefern und ich kann es auch nicht, ebenso wenig wie Dutzende, ja vielleicht Hunderte Literaten und Literaturwissenschaftler seit dem 16. Conservatism? Jahrhundert. Greco Persian? Der Essay erschliet sich nicht ber eine Definition, er sperrt sich geradezu dagegen. Context? Wir knnen uns der Frage, was denn nun ein Essay sei, nur annhern – und wie wir heute Nachmittag sehen werden, beeinflusst dieser Umstand auch die Methoden, mit denen man den Essay im Unterricht angehen kann.

Ich betrachte im Folgenden den Essay zunchst einmal von seiner Genese aus, dann vergleichen wir in persian, einem zweiten Schritt verschiedene Beschreibungsversuche und prfen, ob es dabei Gemeinsamkeiten gibt, die wir – in Essay of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, Form einer konsensuellen Schnittmenge – wirklich als konstitutiv fr die Schreibform „Essay“ ansehen knnen. Greco Wars? Drittens betrachten wir einzelne Texte, die man als Essays bezeichnen knnte. Fr sich genommen wre dies natrlich hchst problematisch, denn durch die Beschrnkung auf eine Schnittmenge grenzt man Texte aus, die die meisten problemlos zur Textsorte „Essay“ zhlen wrden. Rights Movment? Aber selbst grte Skrupel wrden das Problem nicht lsen, denn allein schon die Auswahl eines Textes in greco persian wars, den Kontext des Essay muss ja von bestimmten Kriterien aus erfolgen, legt also schon im Grunde jene Mastbe an, die durch die Schnittmenge konkretisiert werden sollen. Conservatism? Dies ist das gleiche Problem, das man hat, wenn man beispielsweise durch eine Schnittmenge vorab ausgewhlter Texte definieren will, was die Epoche der Romantik oder des Expressionismus kennzeichnet. Eine mgliche Lsung wre es, wrde man nur solche Texte auswhlen, die von ihren Verfassern (oder von Reich-Ranicki) dezidiert als „Essays“ gekennzeichnet wurden, doch auch das fhrt nicht viel weiter, die Lsungsmenge bleibt an persian wars den Rndern vllig ausgefranst und die Zuordnung bleibt willkrlich, denn auch die Verfasser von Essays legen keine verbindlichen Stilmerkmale zugrunde. Deshalb also der Dreischritt: Ein Blick auf die Entwicklungsgeschichte, daraus abgeleitet eine deskriptive Topografie der Textgattung und schlielich eine Auswahl von Texten, die auf ihre Kompatibilitt mit den bisher erarbeiteten Merkmalen hin abgeklopft werden. Essay Of Alcohol People In Britain? Bis hierher nhert sich meine Vorgehensweise jener Ludwig Rohners an, der in greco, den 60er Jahren ein wegweisendes Buch ber den Essay geschrieben hat, das heute noch als Standardwerk angesehen werden darf. Wir brauchen fr den Unterricht letztendlich auch alle drei Sulen des Essay-Gebudes, weil wir in conservatism and liberalism, die unbequeme Situation kommen, die von den Schlerinnen und Schlern verfassten Arbeiten daraufhin prfen und bewerten zu mssen, inwieweit es sich berhaupt um Essays handelt. Greco? Deshalb kommt, wenn es um die Unterrichtspraxis geht, noch als vierter Aspekt eine schulspezifische Abgrenzung des Essays von der Errterung einerseits und dem gestaltenden Interpretieren andererseits hinzu. Michel de Montaigne gilt als Ahnherr des Essay.

Bei ihm wird der Name der Textgattung zum Programm, denn in Essay Magnificent Life of the Black, seinen schon 1580 verffentlichten „Essais“ sieht er in greco wars, ihr eine Methode zur Erkenntnisgewinnung. Essay On The Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning? Er schreibt „Versuche“, die keinen Anspruch auf die letzte Erkenntnis hegen, er hinterfragt sich und alle vermeintlichen Wahrheiten, inklusive der gltigen Dogmen. Greco Wars? Er ist ein Freidenker, der den Wert konkreter Erfahrung und unabhngigen Urteilens als Ziele der Bildung des Menschen schon lange vor der Zeit der Aufklrung erkennt und vertritt. Civil Rights Movment? Die Form seiner Texte passt zu ihrem Gehalt: Er baut sie dialogisch oder zumindest an wars einen imaginierten Adressaten gerichtet auf; er kennzeichnet sie als Diskurs, der um weitere, tiefere Erkenntnis bemht ist: Ich trage keine Glaubensstze, sondern unverbindliche Meinungen vor, ber die man nachdenken soll; ich trage vor, was ich mir mit meinem Verstand so ausdenke, nicht, was ich nach Gottes Weisung zu glauben habe; wie ich es sage, ist ganz unkirchlich, nicht theologisch, aber immer sehr fromm. And Liberalism? Wie Kinder ihre „Versuche“ hinzeigen: sie wollen daran lernen, nicht andere damit belehren. aus: Michel de Montaigne, Die Essais. Persian? Dieterich’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung Leipzig, 1953, S. A Poison? 132 f. Francis Bacon dagegen, auch er ein frher Verfechter aufklrerischen Denkens, der als Wegbereiter des Empirismus gilt, war eigentlich eher Wissenschaftler und Politiker als Dichter.

Der Ausspruch „ wisdom is greco persian wars, power“ (Wissen ist Macht) wird ihm zugeschrieben. Of The Hole? Es ging ihm zuallererst um die praktische Nutzanwendung naturwissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse. Greco Persian Wars? Er sah die Naturbeherrschung als Ziel allen Fortschritts. On The? Von ihm wird berliefert, dass er auch vor brutalen Tierversuchen nicht zurckschreckte, um so zu tieferen Erkenntnissen zu gelangen. Persian? Seine 1597 erstmals erschienen Essayes zeichnen sich durch eine bis dahin unbekannte bildhafte Sprache und Anschaulichkeit aus, die ebenso wie die Essais von Montaigne ihre Wirkung auf die Zeitgenossen nicht verfehlte. Dreierlei entnehmen wir hier schon in civil rights movment, Bezug auf den Essay: eine spezifische Sprachform, die Rezipientenbezogenheit und die Aktualitt der Themen. Greco Persian? Alle drei Faktoren hngen natrlich zusammen und laufen letztendlich auf eine gute Lesbarkeit hinaus: inhaltliche Krze, Prgnanz und Bildhaftigkeit der Sprache und die Aktualitt der Themen sind noch immer Sulen des Essays.

Wie aber steht es nun mit dem Essay in Essay Freethinking of Dialogic/Dialectic, Deutschland? Hufig ist zu lesen, dass dieser erst gegen Mitte des 19. Persian? Jahrhunderts in and liberalism, der deutschen Literatur Einzug halte. Persian Wars? Dies ist so sicher nicht richtig. Magnificent Life Of The? Man denke nur an greco wars die zahlreichen Texte im 18.

Jahrhundert, die sich als „Versuch“ ausgeben – nicht zuletzt Schillers Dissertation („Versuch ber den Zusammenhang der thierischen Natur des Menschen mit seiner geistigen“), oder an island green bekannte Texte des frhen 19. Wars? Jahrhunderts, wie zum Beispiel Kleists „ber die allmhliche Verfertigung der Gedanken beim Reden“ (1811). A Poison Tree? Novalis und Friedrich Schlegel sprechen von Essays, was insofern nur logisch ist, als die essayistische Form sich gut in persian wars, den fragmentarischen Grundcharakter romantischer Prosa fgt. Statt einer Theorie: der Gang ber die Blumenwiese. „Essay [..]: krzere Prosa-Abhandlung ber einen knstlerischen oder wissenschaftlichen Gegenstand, eine aktuelle Frage des geistigen, kulturellen oder sozialen Lebens u. Essay About The Consumption In Britain? . Persian Wars? von allgemeinem, fachspezifischem Interesse in People in Britain, leicht zugnglicher, doch knstlerisch wie bildungsmig anspruchsvoller, geistreicher Form und anregend lockerem, doch geschliffenem, teils aphoristischem, ironischem, pointiertem und paradoxem Stil von eleganter Leichtigkeit mit einprgsamen, originellen Formulierungen.“ aus: Gero von Wilpert, Artikel „Essay“, in: ders.: Sachwrterbuch der Literatur, Stuttgart 2001, 240-242.

Damit sind Aussagen zu Umfang, Inhalt, Form und Stil gemacht und man knnte meinen, jetzt sei die Textsorte hinreichend umrissen. Greco? Doch bei nherem Hinsehen verschwimmen all diese Attribute und unsere Schlerinnen und Schler knnten mit dieser Beschreibung schon gar nichts mehr anfangen. A Poison Tree Context? Vergleichen wir damit die Beschreibung des Essays durch Ludwig Rohner, der bereits in greco wars, den 60er Jahren einige Standardwerke zum Essay verfasst hat: „Was ist der Essay? Der Begriff lt sich synthetisch aus einigen hundert Beispielen gewinnen. Life Hole? Versuchsweise: der deutsche Essay, eine eigenstndige literarische Gattung, ist ein krzeres, geschlossenes, locker komponiertes Stck betrachtsamer Prosa, das in greco persian, sthetisch anspruchsvoller Form einen einzigen, inkom­mensurablen Gegenstand kritisch deutend umspielt, dabei am liebsten reihend, verknpfend, anschauungsbildend verfhrt, den fiktiven Partner im geistigen Gesprch virtuos unterhlt und dessen Bildung, kombinatorisches Denken, Phantasie erlebnishaft einsetzt. aus: Deutsche Essays, Prosa aus zwei Jahrhunderten, hrsg. Essay The Consumption In Britain? von Ludwig Rohner, dtv Textbibliothek 6018, Band 1, 1972, S. Persian Wars? 20 ff. Vergleichen wir damit die Umschreibung Reich-Ranickis; auch er geht auf Inhalte und Sprachform ein und nennt schon einige wesentliche Details, die zu einem Essay zu gehren scheinen: Der Essay ist – wie Friedrich Schlegel schrieb – „ein bestndiges Experimentieren“. Conservatism And Liberalism? Er kritisiert, wenn nicht immer, so doch oft, wenn nicht offen, so doch getarnt die etablierten Anschauungen, die gngigen Urteile und Vorstellungen. Greco Wars? Und whrend die Abhandlung auf den sthetischen Anspruch keinen sonderlichen Wert legt, ist dem Essay an tree einer knstlerischen Form gelegen, an greco persian einem persnlichen und womglich temperamentvollen Stil, an movment einprgsamen Formulierungen.

Aber vielleicht kommt man dem Essay am nchsten, wenn man ihn metaphorisch umschreibt, statt zu definieren versucht. Persian? Dies hat Michael Hamburger geleistet. Essay The Consumption In Britain? Er schreibt in greco wars, seinem Essay ber den Essay (1965) Folgendes: Schon das stimmt nicht ganz: ein Essay darf eigentlich nichts behandeln, nichts bestimmen oder definieren. Essay Of The? Ein Essay ist ein Spaziergang, ein Lustwandeln, keine Handelsreise. Greco Persian? Wenn hier also „ber“ steht, kann es nur bedeuten, da der Spaziergang ber das genannte Feld geht, aber ohne jede Absicht, es zu vermessen. Pictures? Dieses Feld wird nicht umgepflgt, auch nicht bebaut. Es soll Wiese bleiben, wild. Greco Persian Wars? Der eine Spaziergnger interessiert sich fr die Blumen, ein anderer fr die Aussicht, ein dritter sucht Insekten. A Poison? Die Jagd nach Schmetterlingen ist er­laubt.

Alles ist erlaubt – auer den Absichten des Vermessers, des Bauern, des Spekulanten. In: Akzente 1965, S. Greco Wars? 290-292 (nach: Verlag 2001, Band III, Fft/M, 1975) Die Metapher des Spaziergangs wird hufig im Zusammenhang mit dem Essay gebraucht und ist auch ein sehr ntzliches Bild. Tree Context? Wir nehmen es als berschrift und tragen die anderen Attribute Reich-Ranickis, Rohners, Wilperts und Montaignes zusammen. Daraus ergibt sich dann Folgendes: knstle­risch wie bildungsmig anspruchsvoll. locker komponiertes Stck Prosa. knstlerischer oder wissenschaftlicher Gegenstand. aktuelle Frage des geistigen, kulturellen oder sozialen Lebens. umspielt Gegenstand kritisch deutend. kritisiert die etablierten Anschauungen und die gngigen Urteile und Vorstellungen.

geschliffen, teils aphoristisch, ironisch, pointiert und paradox. originelle, einprgsame Formulierungen. persnlich und womglich temperamentvoll. selbst lernen, nicht andere belehren. regt zum Nachdenken an. Damit haben wir freilich nicht alle Bemhungen um eine Definition des Essays abgedeckt, aber gleichwohl die wichtigsten und fr die Schule brauchbarsten Attribute topografisch abgesteckt. Greco Persian? Es versteht sich dabei von selbst, dass nicht jeder Text, der als Essay bezeichnet werden kann, alle die hier genannten Eigenschaften aufweisen soll und kann.

Aber es wird ein wesentlicher Aspekt deutlich, der m. Essay Of Alcohol By Young In Britain? E. Greco? sehr dafr spricht, den Essay ab 2014 als Aufgabenform im Abitur zu implementieren: Gedankenspaziergnge, das spielerische Experimentieren mit Ideen und Assoziationen, das Durchwandern imaginrer Landschaften mit Aus- und Umblicken ist ohne eine freiheitlich-kritische Denkhaltung desjenigen, der Essays schreibt, nicht mglich. J. Island Dress? S. Persian? Ulmer in green, einem unverffentlichten Script, Bad Wildbad, 2010. Und natrlich auch nicht, so knnen wir ergnzen, ohne eine kritische Denkhaltung der Lehrperson, die den Essay unterrichtet. Greco Persian Wars? Und von daher stellt der Essay – politisch gesprochen – ein willkommenes Bollwerk in conservatism and liberalism, den Abiturprfungen der kommenden Jahre dar, wenn es darum geht, sich einer Prfungs-Unkultur zu erwehren, die glaubt, im Stile der DVAs knftig auch im Abitur verfahren zu knnen. Abgrenzung zur Errterung und dem gestaltenden Interpretieren. Die Errterung bemht sich inhaltlich, sprachlich und formal um Sachlichkeit. Wars? Ihr Ziel ist es, Standpunkte darzulegen, Themen zu vertiefen und zu problematisieren.

Positionen werden gegeneinander abgewogen, Argumente werden vorgebracht, man will berzeugen – nicht nur bei der dialektischen, sondern auch bei der linearen Errterung. River Island Green Dress? Die Grundstruktur der Errterung ist, von Sachargumenten ausgehend, zwar persuasiv, ohne dabei jedoch auf einen konkreten Adressaten einzugehen; die Errterung ist nicht adressatenbezogen, sondern selbstreflexiv mit objektivierendem Grundmuster, das heit, der Schreibende, Argumentierende taucht nicht oder allenfalls am Schluss auf. Greco Persian Wars? Die dialektische Errterung ist mit einem Rollenspiel vergleichbar oder mit einem Gerichtsverfahren: Einer leitet in about of Alcohol by Young People, die Thematik ein und fhrt das Verfahren, indem er den gegnerischen Parteien jeweils das Wort erteilt, sprich: die bergnge formuliert. Wars? Dann haben wir eine Pro- und eine Kontra-Seite, die zwar aufeinander Bezug nehmen, aber jeweils mit unterschiedlicher Akzentuierung und immer neuen Aspekten. Island? Und schlielich haben wir den zuhrenden Dritten, der letztlich einer der beiden Parteien den Zuschlag erteilt oder zu einem Kompromiss findet. Persian? Dieser kann mit dem einfhrenden Gesprchsleiter identisch sein, es kann sich aber (eben zum Beispiel in about The Consumption of Alcohol, einem Rollenspiel) auch um die Zuhrerschaft oder die Presse u. Greco? . About The Consumption Of Alcohol People? handeln. Persian Wars? Bei der linearen Errterung und / oder der Texterrterung, die ja linear oder dialektisch sein kann, liegt ebenfalls eine Art Kommunikationssituation vor, nmlich mit dem in Essay about The Consumption People, Frage stehenden Thema, mit dem Verfasser des zugrunde liegenden Textes etc., die aber gleichwohl immer sachlich-neutral bleibt. Dies alles gilt selbstverstndlich nicht fr die so genannte gestaltende Errterung, eine Aufsatz-Zusatzform der letzten Jahre, die von Beginn an persian eine Schimre war, ein fachdidaktischer und fachwissenschaftlicher Irrtum, der nicht aus Germanistenkpfen kam, sondern auf ministeriale Vorgaben zurckzufhren ist, die vllig unbeleckt von jeglicher Kenntnis ber das Wesen einer Errterung waren. A Poison Tree Context? Da gab es Leserbriefe zu schreiben oder Abiturreden zu halten – beides Textformen, die sich eben gerade nicht um Sachlichkeit bemhen mssen und die sich eventuell sogar an persian einen ganz konkreten Adressaten richten, um diesen persuasiv und mitunter polemisch auf ihre Seite zu ziehen. A Poison Context? Davon also soll hier nicht die Rede sein.

Die typische Errterung ist dagegen per persian, se multiperspektivisch, denn auch die lineare Errterung bemht sich darum, mglichst viele Facetten eines Themas zu beleuchten und dieses mglichst tief zu durchdringen – und zwar immer auf sachliche, unpersnliche Weise. Ein Weiteres kommt hinzu: Die Errterung sollte zunchst einmal als Lern medium und nicht als Lernziel verstanden werden. Conservatism And Liberalism? Deshalb wurde sie im Jahr 1984 als Prfungsform eingefhrt, die den Besinnungsaufsatz ablste. Persian Wars? Das Schreiben des Aufsatzes sollte nicht Selbstzweck sein, sondern es geht, auf eine Formel gebracht, letzten Endes zunchst um die Fhigkeit des Errterns , also um gedankliche Strukturen, und erst in on The, zweiter Linie um die Fertigkeit, einen Errterungsaufsatz „schulmig zu schreiben. Persian? berspitzt formuliert: Die Schlerinnen und Schler lernen etwas, indem sie einen Aufsatz schreiben, und nicht primr, wie sie einen Aufsatz schreiben. Civil Movment Pictures? Dies wurde leider viel zu oft nicht beachtet und den Schlerinnen und Schlern wurden abstrakte Formalia beigebracht, wie eine schulmige Errterung auszusehen habe. Persian? Die Ergebnisse glichen oft einem leeren Schneckenhaus: viel Form ohne Inhalt, weil die Lernenden sich im Thema zu schlecht auskannten, als dass sie berzeugend htten argumentieren knnen und weil sie von der vorgegebenen Form ausgingen und die ihnen bekannten Inhalte hineinquetschten, anstatt die Form organisch aus der Gegenberstellung von Inhalten erwachsen zu lassen.

Demgegenber wurde die gestaltende Interpretation als Aussatzform eingesetzt, um der Tatsache Rechnung zu tragen, dass jeder Leser auf seine Art immer gleichzeitig auch Produzent des Textes ist, liest er doch gewissermaen sich in and liberalism, den Text hinein, er deutet diesen nach seinen Mglichkeiten und Fhigkeiten und beurteilt ihn auf dem Hintergrund seines eigenen Weltwissens, seiner Erfahrung und seiner Kenntnisse. Greco Persian Wars? Gleichzeitig wurde die gestaltende Interpretation als Ausgleich fr eine bis dato von analytischen Aufgaben dominierten Abiturstruktur verstanden. River Island Dress? Sie war und ist gedacht als Chance fr jene Schlerinnen und Schler, die zwar Sensibilitt fr Texte beweisen, diese aber nicht in persian wars, Form eines analytischen Zugriffs und einer zusammenhngenden Interpretation zum Ausdruck bringen knnen, die gleichwohl aber in Essay on The of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, der Gestaltung eines textaffinen Aufsatzes beweisen, dass sie auch tiefer gelegene Strukturen eines Textes erfasst haben. Beide Elemente, die Errterung wie auch die gestaltende Interpretation, verbindet nun der Essay. Persian? Ihm liegt keine festgefgte Struktur zugrunde, wohl aber besitzt er Merkmale, die erfasst sein mssen, und er lsst viel Raum fr gestaltende Elemente formaler, inhaltlicher und sprachlicher Natur. A Poison? Er gibt wie die Errterung ein Thema vor, liefert gleichzeitig dazu aber Materialien, die die Schlerinnen und Schler nutzen knnen, nicht aber nutzen mssen. Greco Wars? Damit ist ausgeschlossen, dass sie ber Dinge schreiben, von denen sie nichts wissen, und der Umgang mit den mitgegebenen Materialien stellt gleichzeitig auch ein Bewertungskriterium fr die Arbeit dar.

Qualittskriterien und Korrekturhilfen. Eigentlich vertrgt sich der Essay nicht mit einer Benotungssituation, aber dies gilt in a poison context, gewisser Weise fr alle Formen nicht-analytischen Schreibens und in persian wars, letzter Konsequenz auch fr die Errterung, wenn man sie wirklich als Lernmedium und nicht den Errterungsaufsatz als Lernziel versteht. Das Anforderungsprofil des Aufgabentyps IV „Essay - Verfassen eines Essays auf der Grundlage vorgelegter Materialien“ wird wie folgt umschrieben: „Den Schlerinnen und Schlern werden zu einer vorgegebenen Thematik und einer entsprechenden Arbeitsanweisung Materialien zur Verfgung gestellt, die eine Wissensbasis vermitteln. Island Green Dress? Bei den Materialien handelt es sich primr um Sachtexte, es knnen auch literarische Texte und Statistiken, Tabellen, Schaubilder, grafische und bildliche Darstellungen sein. Der Essay vereint sachliche und kreative Darstellungsformen – berichtende, errternde, beschreibende sowie schildernde und erzhlende Elemente fgen sich zu einem Ganzen. Greco Persian Wars? Der Essay ist nicht mit der Errterung zu verwechseln, auch wenn er sich argumentativer Verfahren bedient.

Er ist offener angelegt, aspektorientiert, eher gedanklich verzweigt als linear oder dialektisch geprgt. Sprachlich erfordert der Essay differenzierte Mittel wie etwa Pointen, Metaphern, Klimax, Wortspiele und Ironie.“ aus: Ministerbrief zur Weiterentwicklung der schriftlichen Abiturprfung im Fach Deutsch an movment allgemein bildenden und beruflichen Gymnasien, vom 16.4.2009. Diese Ausfhrungen beschreiben zwar das Anforderungsprofil eines Essays recht gut, taugen aber wenig als eine im Abiturkontext standardisierbare, fr Lehrer sowie Schler transparente und verstndliche Kriterienliste, die schon whrend des Essayunterrichts Orientierung und Diskussionsgrundlage bieten kann. Greco? Deshalb seien im Folgenden stichwortartig einige Aspekte aufgefhrt, die zwar nicht als fr alle Essays taugliche Checkliste dienen sollen, die aber gleichwohl Anhaltspunkte bieten knnen fr eine kriteriengesttzte Korrektur von Essays: Sind subjektive Perspektiven vorhanden, die reflektiert werden, werden subjektive Erfahrungen und Wertungen mit einbezogen? Wie ist die gedankliche Durchdringung des Themas? Werden eigenstndige Anstze erkennbar? Ist ein fr den Leser nachvollziehbarer Aufbau vorhanden? Ist eine geordnete Vielfalt zu erkennen? Wird ein Problem / ein Thema klar umrissen? Wie ist der Umgang mit der beigefgten Materialien: Dominieren diese den Essay oder werden sie geschickt integriert?

Bleibt der Aufsatz ergebnisoffen und prozesshaft? Finden sich originelle Einflle und / oder Formulierungen? Entspricht der Aufsatz sprachlich den Konventionen eines Essays? Der Essay am berufsbildenden Gymnasium. Seit dem Abitur 2005 ist der Essay im berufsbildenden Gymnasium Gegenstand der schriftlichen Prfung, nachdem in context, Zuge der Lehrplanrevision im Jahr 2003 die Forderung nach einem kreativen Element in persian, der Abiturprfung laut wurde. River Island Green? Hinzu kam, dass die Prfung als zu literaturlastig empfunden worden war und man deshalb das gestaltende Interpretieren als Aufgabenform ablehnte. Anfangs sah sich das neue Konzept zahlreichen Kritikpunkten ausgesetzt. Greco Persian Wars? Man bemngelte, dass die Schreibform eine berforderung der Schlerinnen und Schler darstelle, dass es schwierig sei, kreatives Schreiben zu unterrichten und zu vermitteln, dass die Korrektur problematisch sei und es Probleme bei der Bewertung der Arbeiten gebe. Mittlerweile stellt sich an conservatism den beruflichen Gymnasien die Situation so dar, dass ca. Greco Wars? 20 % der Schlerinnen und Schler im Abitur den Essay whlen und dass ca. Of Dialogic/Dialectic? ein Drittel dieser Arbeiten beim Drittkorrektor landet.

Diese Zahlen sind unspektakulr, aber Untersuchungen haben gezeigt, wo die Gefahrenquellen bzw. Greco Wars? Schwachpunkte zahlreicher Arbeiten liegen: Manche Schlerinnen und Schler glauben, es genge, schnoddrig zu schreiben und einen Erlebnisaufsatz abzugeben; andere verfassen eher eine Errterung als einen Essay. und wieder andere gehen vermeintlich auf Nummer Sicher, reihen Aspekte des Dossiers aneinander und missverstehen damit den Geist eines Essays. Zum Teil sind die Probleme durch den Unterricht hausgemacht. Conservatism And Liberalism? So hat sich etwa gezeigt, dass es den Kolleginnen und Kollegen mitunter schwerfllt, den Essay zwischen Erlebnisaufsatz und Errterung zu positionieren und dass sie Skrupel haben, Schlerarbeiten in persian wars, der schulischen Vorbereitungsphase schlecht zu bewerten, weil sie frchten, damit in on The Magnificent Life Hole, Erklrungsnot zu geraten – mit der Folge, dass gute Durchschnitte beim Essay den Schlerinnen und Schlern suggerieren, hier sei Beliebigkeit mglich und man erhalte dennoch eine ordentliche Punktzahl. Persian Wars? Hinzu kommt, dass die Kolleginnen und Kollegen beklagen, im Unterricht keinen rechten Zugang zum Essay zu bekommen, weil es keine handfesten Regeln und Vorgaben gibt und keinen didaktisch-methodischen Handlauf, an Essay on The Magnificent Life Black Hole dem man sich in persian wars, der Unterrichtspraxis festhalten knne.

Dies alles mag so sein und ist mglicherweise auf das allgemein bildende Gymnasium zu bertragen; und ich bin weit davon entfernt zu glauben, dass mein Referat hier Abhilfe schaffen und den Stein der Weisen vermitteln knne, aber vielleicht nutzen ein paar Erfahrungen aus der Unterrichtspraxis in tree, einer Erprobungsphase. Der Essay am allgemein bildenden Gymnasium. Im Schuljahr 2007 / 08 wurde beschlossen, neue Aufgabenformate im Abitur einzufhren – unter anderem den Essay. Greco Wars? Hintergrund war zum einen die schon lnger anhaltende Tendenz der Angleichung des allgemein bildenden an civil die beruflichen Gymnasien, zum andern standen Probleme bei der Themenfindung zur gestaltenden Interpretation Pate sowie die fehlende Akzeptanz der literarischen Errterung ( 2%). Vorgesehen fr die Einfhrung war zunchst 2013, dann aber 2014, weil man sich sagte, dass ein Jahr der Beruhigung nach dem Doppelabitur nicht schaden knne.

Die vier Regierungsprsidien baten jeweils einen Fachberater, die spter dann neue Aufgabenform unter Abiturbedingungen zu testen, d.h., sie seris zu unterrichten und dann ber den Stoff eine Klausur zu schreiben, deren Thema zentral vorgegeben war und die ber sechs Stunden ging. Persian? Die Erfahrungen damit waren schriftlich festzuhalten und wurden bei einer separaten Tagung ausgetauscht und abgeglichen. Fr das RP Freiburg habe ich seinerzeit das Thema Essay bernommen und ich kann folgendes Fazit ziehen: Materialvorgabe als Novum, groes Themenspektrum ber viele Jahre, wenig formalisierte Schreibweise baut Schematismen vor, groe Akzeptanz seitens der Schler/innen, unspektakulre Ergebnisse, schneller Lernerfolg. vermeintliche Beliebigkeit des Essays verleitet zur Flchtigkeit,

Schlerinnen und Schler verlieren Details aus den Augen, wenig Reflexion ber pointierte Schreibweise und stilistische Fragen allgemein, z.T. Civil Rights Movment? Umgangssprache als sprachliche Leichtigkeit missverstanden, Kleben an greco persian wars Materialien, „Abhaken“; mangelhaftes Hinterfragen der Materialien, additive Reihung von Aspekten, Anschreiben gegen sich selbst (aber: auch bei Errterung), Ideenlosigkeit fhrt zu frhzeitiger Abgabe der Arbeit bzw. Essay Magnificent Hole? zu knstlichem Verlngern (aber: auch bei Errterung), schwierige Korrektur . Als Konsequenz: Vorarbeiten und Voraussetzungen - Forderungen an greco wars den Unterricht. Essay sptestens ab Kl.

10 vorbereiten, Abgrenzung zur Errterung notwendig, Problem der Textauswahl und -krzung, ernste und launige Themen whlen. Mittelweg aus Merkmalitis und Offenheit finden (induktives und deduktives Vorgehen) methodisch beraus anspruchsvoll, wenn auf Methodenvielfalt Wert gelegt wird. Essay verlangt eine freiheitlich-kritische Denkhaltung und gestalterische Selbststndigkeit; Unterrichtsstil ist darauf hin auszurichten. 3.) Mglichkeiten der unterrichtlichen Realisation. Vorbereitende Unterrichtssequenzen – Der Essay zwischen Errterung und kreativem Schreiben. Im Anfang war die Argumentation. Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic? In Abkehr vom bis dahin gepflegten „Besinnungsaufsatz“ (Thema z.B: Ist der sonntgliche Spaziergang mit der Familie ein guter Brauch, oder sollte man ihn abschaffen? – Sprachbuch Rahn-Pfleiderer, Klasse 11!) begann seit Mitte der achtziger Jahre ein Curriculum argumentierender und persuasiv ausgelegter Schreib- und Textformen.

Es folgt nmlich die dialektische Errterung, dann die lineare, anschlieend die textgebundene Errterung, die linear oder dialektisch sein kann, und schlielich die literarische Errterung. Greco Wars? Die gestaltende „Errterung“ lassen wir beiseite, denn das ist keine. Essay On The Freethinking Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning? Allein die Unterscheidung all dieser Formen von Errterung fllt nicht nur Schlerinnen und Schlern schwer, denn damit verbunden sind die sattsam bekannten Probleme: - die Unterscheidung von These, Argument und Beispiel, - der Aufbau von Argumentationsketten, - die berleitungen und Gedankenverbindungen, - die textimmanente Kohrenz, - die Gewichtung und der Aufbau der Gedanken, - die Materialsammlung etc. All das ist alles andere als einfach zu unterrichten und es kann inhaltlich wie auch didaktisch-methodisch sehr vieles falsch gemacht werden. Greco? Die Errterung ist eine schulmeisterliche Kunstform, die woanders als im Unterricht nicht vorkommt.

Sie hat zweifelsohne ihren Wert, dies aber weniger mit Blick auf die Aufsatzart, sondern eher auf die mit ihr verbundenen Denkstrukturen und die Bildung kritischen Bewusstseins (s. About Of Alcohol By Young? Ref. Greco Persian Wars? am Vormittag). Und nun kommt auch noch der Essay dazu. A Poison Tree? Aus alledem wird schon deutlich, dass der Essay nicht beleuchtet werden kann durch eine Aufnahme in persian wars, dieses Errterungs-Curriculum, denn wir wrden eine Unbekannte mit der andern zu erklren versuchen. Das wiederum bedeutet aber, dass, wenn wir schon frhzeitig mit der Einfhrung in green dress, den Essay beginnen wollen (was unbedingt notwendig ist!), wir beide Textgattungen parallel und unabhngig voreinander unterrichten mssen, um anschlieend, wenn die Grundlagen klar sind, eventuell einen Vergleich vornehmen zu knnen – aber dies eben erst, wenn eine Ausgangsbasis besteht. Greco Wars? (Nebenbei ein Blick nach vorn auf die Unterrichtseinheit, die ich nachher vorstellen werde: Hier konnte ich natrlich nicht auf Vorwissen seitens der Schlerinnen und Schler beim Essay zurckgreifen, musste also beim Vergleich bzw. On The Freethinking Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning? der Abgrenzung anders vorgehen.) Nun berschneidet sich aber der Essay durchaus im einen oder andern Punkt mit der Errterung, denn auch er kann – muss aber nicht! – argumentativ ausgerichtet sein. Persian Wars? Und es gibt Affinitten zu Textformen, die hufig als Hinfhrung zur Errterung verstanden wurden oder die gar im Abitur als gestaltende Errterung auftauchten.

Ich nehme Bezug auf meine Aussage vom Vormittag, wo ich sagte: „Da gab es Leserbriefe zu schreiben oder Abiturreden zu halten – beides Textformen, die sich eben gerade nicht um Sachlichkeit bemhen mssen und die sich eventuell sogar an river einen ganz konkreten Adressaten richten, um diesen persuasiv und mitunter polemisch auf ihre Seite zu ziehen.“ Der Leserbrief – hufig schon in greco persian, Klasse 9 strapaziert – eignet sich bei nherem Hinschauen aber gerade nicht als Vorbung fr die Errterung, selbst wenn er sich in tree, noch so vielen Lehrbchern findet, denn er ist eine subjektive Schreibform, in greco persian wars, der sich der Verfasser nicht unbedingt um Sachlichkeit und multiperspektivisches Denken bemht. Conservatism And Liberalism? Aber als Hinfhrung zum Essay macht er Sinn, ist sogar geradezu ideal. Persian? Er bringt eine persnliche, subjektive Komponente ins Spiel, richtet sich an Essay Magnificent of the Black einen genannten oder ungenannten Adressaten (den Zeitungsleser), muss sich auf Grund seiner ffentlichkeit (etwa im Unterschied zum Brief) um einen guten Stil und berzeugungskraft bemhen, die Schlerinnen und Schler mssen rezipientenbezogen denken und die Wirkung ihres Texts auf andere in greco, Betracht ziehen und werden schlielich ganz nebenbei auch zum Lesen der Tageszeitung veranlasst. Essay Life Of The Black Hole? Es bietet sich also geradezu an, den Leserbrief im Rahmen einer Unterrichtseinheit zu Thema „Zeitung“ zu unterrichten, wenn eine Klasse beispielsweise vier Wochen lang die rtliche Tageszeitung erhlt. Greco? Dabei lassen sich auch andere journalistische Schreibformen wie Feuilleton, Glosse etc. Rights Movment Pictures? behandeln und gegeneinander abgrenzen, ohne dass man dies allzu akribisch und ambitioniert angehen sollte. Persian Wars? Ein positiver Nebeneffekt: Die Schlerinnen und Schler mssen nicht, wie bisweilen bei der Errterung, tapfer gegen sich selbst anschreiben (zum Beispiel Lesen vs Neue Medien), worunter hufig die Authentizitt leidet; im Gegenteil: man kann die Lernenden zum Nonkonformismus ermuntern, denn jetzt drfen sie ihre Meinung sagen . Ein weiterer positiver Aspekt der Verbindung aus Essay und Zeitung ist die Mglichkeit der Informationsbeschaffung durch dieses Medium (durchaus neben und zustzlich zur Internet-Recherche) und das Sortieren, Auswhlen, Auswerten und Gliedern der Informationen. Rights Movment? Dies alles kann bereits in greco persian wars, Klasse 9 stattfinden (evtl. Civil? im zweiten Halbjahr). In Klasse 10 knnte dann die Rede hinzukommen, in persian wars, der gezielte rhetorische Elemente verwendet werden, um eine bestimmte Wirkung zu erzeugen und die Zuhrerschaft zu berzeugen. Island Green Dress? Damit verbunden knnte sein die Sachtextanalyse – zum Beispiel eben fr die Vorbereitung einer Rede, mglich wre auch eine Verbindung mit Prsentationstechniken, wobei hier die Beschftigung mit diskontinuierlichen Texten wie zum Beispiel Tabellen, grafischen Darstellungen oder Statistiken stattfinden knnte. Als Strukturierungshilfen fr eine derartige Rede oder einen Prsentationsvortrag eignet sich eine Mindmap – evtl. Greco Wars? gerade auch am PC mit einem entsprechenden Programm und die Schlerinnen und Schler spielen hier erfahrungsgem sehr gerne mit wirkungsvollen Prsentationsschemata, ohne diese bewusst einsetzen zu knnen. Auch hierbei ist der Deutschunterricht gefragt und es passt durchaus zum Thema Essay-Propdeutik, wenn wir die Schlerinnen und Schler im PC-Raum einen Blick auf gngige Prsentationsprogramme werfen lassen und sie sich unter Anleitung und Beratung (auch gegenseitig) ber die Mglichkeiten eines solchen Programms informieren.

Wichtig dabei ist die Funktionalitt der ausgewhlten Prsentationsformen. By Young? Nicht auf Eindruckschinderei kommt es an, sondern darauf, die eigenen Gedanken in greco persian, anspruchsvoller Form in conservatism and liberalism, eingngige grafische Darstellungen umzusetzen. In der Kursstufe beginnt schlielich die eigentliche Arbeit am und mit dem Essay. Persian Wars? Neu ist hierbei zunchst einmal das Dossier . Civil Rights Pictures? Dieses kann Hilfe sein, birgt aber auch Fallstricke. Greco Persian? Positiv ist auf jeden Fall zu vermerken, dass das Dossier eine alte Schwche der Errterung vermeiden hilft, dass die Schlerinnen und Schler nmlich ber etwas schreiben, von dem sie (zu) wenig Ahnung haben. Freethinking Student? Diesem Missstand wirkt das Dossier zumindest ansatzweise entgegen, indem es Haltepunkte gibt, Denkanste vermittelt, zeigt, wo man ansetzen knnte. Greco Persian Wars? Genau dies ist auch der tiefere Sinn dieser Textbeigaben, nicht etwa die bernahme von Stzen oder gar ganzer Textteile in Essay on The Life Black, den Essay. Greco Wars? Dossiertexte haben Impulscharakter. River Island? Nichtsdestoweniger lauern hier die Gefahren. Greco Persian Wars? Gerade schwchere Schlerinnen und Schler tendieren dazu, auf „Nummer Sicher“ zu gehen und die Materialien abzuarbeiten, und weil es eben ein Essay werden soll, bedienen sie sich eines schnoddrigen Stils mit „coolen“ Ausdrcken.

Mit dieser Umsetzung der Vorlagen gert der Essay zum Teil zur errternden Stoffsammlung. Essay Magnificent Of The Black? Dem kann man entgegenwirken, indem man die Schlerinnen und Schler abstracts schreiben lsst und sie zwingt, einzelne Aspekte aus dem Materialienpool hchstens in greco wars, Form weniger Zitate zu verwenden. A Poison Context? Sehr sinnvoll ist es auch, die Schlerinnen und Schler selbst ein Dossier zu einem bestimmten Thema zusammenstellen zu lassen, das dann gegebenenfalls andere bearbeiten, indem sie dazu einen Essay schreiben, der dann wiederum von den „Themenstellern“ benotet wird. Um zu verhindern, dass die Lernenden sich einzig und allein auf die Materialien des Dossiers verlassen, kann man dieses im Unterricht und gegebenenfalls in persian, der Klausur zeitverzgert ausgeben und die Schlerinnen und Schler zunchst eine eigene Ideensammlung anfertigen lassen. Auch diese Ideensammlung kann vorbereitet werden, indem man zum Beispiel die Methode des Clusterings einfhrt. Freethinking Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic? Diese „Ideentraube“ dient als Darstellungsform fr assoziative Gedanken, wohingegen eine Mindmap als mnemotechnisches Instrument versucht, Dinge rational zu strukturieren. Wars? Besser als eine Mindmap eignen sich also fr Ideensammlungen beliebige grafische Darstellungen – oder eben das Cluster. Fr die Abiturprfung kann man die Schlerinnen und Schler anhalten, ebenfalls so zu verfahren, dass sie sich zunchst selbst Gedanken zum Thema machen und erst dann zu den Materialien greifen und mit diesen ihre eigenen Notizen ergnzen. River Island Green Dress? Damit ist sichergestellt, dass sie sich nicht zu stark auf das Dossier sttzen.

Sind diese Vorarbeiten gettigt, geht es darum, den gedanklichen Aufbau eines Essays zu erschlieen und zu ben. Persian Wars? Altbekannte Methoden des „verzgerten Lesens“, spter in river island green, leicht erweiterter Form eher bekannt als „handlungs- und produktionsorientierter Unterricht“ (vgl. Wars? Der Deutschunterricht, Heft 2 / 81) erweisen sich hier als beraus ntzlich: das Weiterschreiben, das Sortieren von Abstzen und der Lckentext. Essay The Consumption Of Alcohol People In Britain? Wir betrachten das am Beispiel der Materialien zum Thema „Literatur in wars, der Schule“ (Mat. Civil Rights Movment Pictures? teil, S. Greco Persian Wars? 8-10). Essay Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning? Hier haben wir lauter Texte aus den 70er und 80er Jahren, unter anderem einen hchst interessanten Essay von Hans Magnus Enzensberger („Ein bescheidener Vorschlag zum Schutz der Jugend …). Persian Wars? Dieser umfasst in and liberalism, der Originalfassung 17 Seiten und ist eine regelrechte Fundgrube fr das Thema „Essay“. Nun ist der vorliegende Textausschnitt natrlich stark gekrzt und es bieten sich jetzt methodisch mehrere Mglichkeiten an wars (die im brigen auch auf andere Texte anwendbar sind): Wir knnen die gekrzten Stellen (die brigens nicht sinnvoll gekrzt werden mssen!) durch die Schlerinnen und Schler ergnzen lassen. Conservatism And Liberalism? Die Aufgabe erfordert logisches Denken und ein tiefes Eindringen in greco wars, den Text und in Freethinking, die angesprochenen Zusammenhnge. Persian Wars? Wir knnen dabei beispielsweise durch ein grau unterlegtes Feld deutlich machen, wie viel „Zwischentext“ wir ungefhr erwarten. A Poison Tree? Nachdem einige Schlerversionen besprochen wurden, wird der ausgelassene Textteil nachgeliefert und die Schlerinnen und Schler vergleichen ihre Ergnzungen mit dem Original – wodurch wiederum sichergestellt ist, dass auch dieser Textausschnitt aufmerksam gelesen wird.

In unserem vorliegenden Fall „Literatur in greco wars, der Schule“ erffnet sich noch eine weitere Mglichkeit: Die Zusatztexte von Grass, Rhmkorf und Susan Sontag gehen alle in conservatism, eine hnliche Richtung. Greco Persian? Was also spricht dagegen, diese in island, Enzensbergers Text zu implementieren: An welcher Stelle wrden sie passen? Wo gibt es evtl. Greco Persian Wars? logische Brche? Wie knnten diese sprachlich und inhaltlich ausgemerzt werden? – Auch hier empfiehlt sich die Arbeit am PC und dabei das Abspeichern verschiedener Versionen und das Experimentieren mit Textbausteinen und Sprache. Tree? Auch ein Blick auf die Stilebenen ist dabei angebracht: Wo gibt es zum Beispiel in persian wars, dieser Hinsicht Brche? Passt Rhmkorfs Begriff „Arschpauker der Poesie“ zur Sprache Enzensbergers oder Grass‘? – Darber kann man kontrovers diskutieren. Noch fr einige weitere methodische Mglichkeiten bietet sich die Arbeit am PC an, so zum Beispiel, wenn wir einen Text in green dress, Abstzen ausgeben, die durcheinander gewrfelt sind. Greco? Diese Vorgehensweise empfiehlt sich beispielsweise bei Brechts Text Betrachtung der Kunst und Kunst der Betrachtung – Reflexionen ber die Portrtkunst in Essay of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning, der Bildhauerei (1939). Wars? Wir geben diesen Text in river island green, vllig vernderter Form aus und lassen ihn durch die Schlerinnen und Schler in persian wars, eine in Essay about of Alcohol by Young People in Britain, sich logische Form bringen (Tastenkombination Alt-Hoch-Pfeiltasten). Greco Persian? Wenn dies gemacht ist, knnen wir die Arbeit der einzelnen im Tauschverzeichnis verffentlichen und durch andere bewerten und kommentieren lassen. Wir knnen schlielich den greren Mittelteil eines Essays ausgeben und Anfang und Schluss ergnzen lassen, womit wir gezielt ben, wie man am Anfang die Aufmerksamkeit des Lesers bindet und am Schluss die Klammer zum Anfang schliet und evtl. Rights Movment Pictures? mit einer Pointe endet.

In Sprachuntersuchungen knnen wir pointierte Formulierungen extrahieren und / oder die verwendeten Redefiguren und Stilmittel bestimmen. Wars? Zwar sollten die Schlerinnen und Schler nicht dem Irrtum verfallen, man msse nun mglichst viele verschiedene Redefiguren unterbringen, aber die Kenntnis einiger rhetorischer Mittel wie der Metapher, der Ellipse, des Euphemismus oder der Hyperbel ist notwendig, um einen Text analysieren und seine sprachlichen Mittel und deren Wirkung in river dress, ein Beziehungsgeflecht setzen zu knnen. Persian Wars? Nur wer wei, was es fr rhetorische Mglichkeiten gibt, kann diese anwenden. Einen Essay zu schreiben lernt man – dies hrt sich wie eine Binsenweisheit an The Consumption – nur durch Schreiben. Persian Wars? Unabdingbar sind also zeitintensive Inhalte wie Schreibwerkstatt, Schreibkonferenzen, Stufen- oder klasseninterne Korrektur-workshops etc. On The Life Of The Black? Der Essay ist weniger als andere Abiturinhalte durch ein starres Unterrichtsschema zu unterrichten, sondern verlangt viel Eigeninitiative von den Schlerinnen und Schlern und Flexibilitt seitens der Lehrkrfte. Vereinfacht wird das Schreiben eines Essays, wenn man die Schlerinnen und Schler von vornherein ermuntert, in persian wars, der Ich-Form zu schreiben, dabei zwar assoziativ vorzugehen, aber stringent zu bleiben und – auch eigentlich eine Plattitde! – auf einen passenden Titel des Essays zu achten.

Dieser schildert die Arbeit aus, gibt eine Richtung vor, bndelt die Gedanken. A Poison Tree? Daneben ist bei den Schreibbungen zu beachten, dass das Exemplarische den Vorzug vor der ausufernden Vollstndigkeit erhlt. Als Faustregel sollten die Schlerinnen und Schler Folgendes beachten: - Nominalstil und Passiv-Konstruktionen klingen oft brokratisch. -Ein Satz, der lnger als drei Zeilen ist, kann in persian wars, den meisten Fllen aufgeteilt werden; Schachtelstze sind zu vermeiden. - Abtnungspartikel wie „ja“, „eben“, „gerade“ sind oft Ausdruck von Allgemeinpltzen und knnen weggelassen oder durch przisere Ausdrcke ersetzt werden.

- Einklammerungen sollten unterbleiben. Die Planungsphase eines Abituraufsatzes zum Essay darf und muss entsprechend lang sein, der Umfang des Essays ist nicht das Entscheidende. Mit Blick auf die Probleme, die das gestaltende Interpretieren und die gestaltende Errterung gemacht haben und in Essay on The Magnificent Life Hole, Anbetracht dessen, dass die literarische Errterung immer nur von weniger als 2 % der Schlerinnen und Schler gewhlt wurde, erscheint die neue Form des Essays durchaus ein Gewinn – nicht zuletzt auch deshalb, weil auch beim gestaltenden Interpretieren und der Errterung zum Teil erhebliche Abweichungen zwischen Erst- und Zweitkorrektur zu verzeichnen waren. Persian Wars? Der Essay wird viel Ungewohntes bringen: Das Scheitern, Abbrechen, Umdenken als unverzichtbare und lehrreiche Begleiterscheinungen von Lernprozessen werden immer noch zu oft als peinliche und daher zu umgehende Sackgassen betrachtet. Conservatism? Ergebnis- bzw.

Produktorientierung, Benotbarkeit und das starre Festhalten an greco wars hergebrachten Leistungsmustern stehen einer allgemein notwendigen Flexibilisierung des Deutschunterrichts nicht selten im Wege. ( zit. Conservatism And Liberalism? aus einem unverffentlichten Vortrag von Dr. Greco Persian? J. Essay Student Of Dialogic/Dialectic Learning? Ulmer am 26.7.2010 in greco persian, Bad Wildbad)