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Nov 17, 2017 Opposing arguments,

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bleak house essays Bleak House In-Class Essays. Arguments? In Charles Dickens' Bleak House , Dickens' brings monstrous life to fog, using it metaphorically to Spanking, represent the Lord Chancellor and arguments, the chancery negatively with the of social stratification, use of detail and diction. The setting takes place in London and the Lord Chancellor sits high and opposing, mighty in the Lincoln Inn Hall sometime in November. The story then drifts into the town, weather, and Palestinian Cinema Essay, its people. What covers the town is a fog. Opposing Arguments? A fog which seems to consume the people's everyday lives, bringing only darkness, really no hope for a change. Essay? The fog blinds people and the mud makes them slip and slide, and opposing, it can't be stopped. Dickens uses detail to bring this fog into every spact of the townspeople's lives. There is fog everywhere. Fog up the river.

Fog down the workplace meaning, river, just about everywhere. Opposing Arguments? It consumes the people, this fog, and it maeks them weak with their lack of sight, lack of direction towards the future. Examples Of Social Stratification? Dickens' uses diction by opposing bringing life to what does mean, the fog by opposing describing the fog as commiting actions only a cruel and lazy person would commit. Fog creeping . Workplace Meaning? fog lying Fog cruelly pinching the toes and fingers of his little 'prentice boy on deck, all clearly depicting an opposing arguments, organization devoted to deception and hurting people's lives by the promise of a future, but a lack of action by just lying as the city goes into ruins, and that organization being the chancery. The Chancery being the sought mean, heart of this fog which happens to opposing arguments, be everywhere. Negative Role Model? Dickens is not fond of the Chancery, and by calling it a leaden-headed old obstrution and leaden-headed old corporation, and arguments, expressing feelings of frustration over the stupidity of the Chancery, and the mere fact that Dickens also uses old after leaden-headed, channels a sense of stubbornness in the Chancery for its refusal to negative model, break old habits. It seems like the Chancellor's rule has been corrupt for many years, holding its townspeople as prisoners. In Bleak House by Charles Dickens, the persistent use of the word fog is arguments, used metaphorically to represent the dark influence that the Cinema Essay, Lord High Chancellor holds over the lives of everyone, clouding and opposing, permeating everything. At the end of our passage from negative model, Bleak House it is opposing, said that at the very heart of the fog, sits the Lord High Chancellor in his High Court of Chancery, and so designating the diversity, Lord High Chancellor as the source of the arguments, fog. The usage of fog as a metaphor for workplace diversity, the High Chancellor's influence implies darkness, that his influence makes things clouded for these who fall under it, and that while his influence is arguments, plainly seen it is RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, not easily grasped. Eaerlier in this passage the author tells us fog everywhere, which tells the audience just how far the influence of the Lord High Chancelllor spreads.

The author is telling the audience that the influence of the Lord High Chancellor is not bound by distance or closed doors, but abounds as freely as fog. In Bleak House by Charles Dickens, Dickens uses the repetition of fog to convey the opposing arguments, message that the Lord High Chancellor is at the root of all the problems caused by the fog which may represent a web of lies the chancellor has woven to cloud the perception of the negative role, people. Opposing? His technique is to workplace meaning, say where the fog is and what exactly it is doing over and over, making the reader realize that there is much more to the fog than a weather phenomenon and opposing, leading the reader deeper into meaning the fog until the heart is reached, where the Lord High Chanellor sits. Dickens starts by describing the surroundings but then focuses on opposing, the fog aspect and leads the reader into the heart of it. The author states that fog is examples of social stratification, everywhere, that it is arguments, all-encompassing, and negative role model, is in every place the people are. Fog handicaps peoples' vision, which could screw up their judgment. The fog being everywhere is like saying that the opposing, people are limited every place that they go, that the fog is Essay, unescapable and opposing, there is stratification, nowhere a person could go to see clearly. In the novel Bleak House by Deckens, the author uses a style of rhyme to show that the Lord Chancellor and his court of opposing Chancery are corrupt people by using a word to make the reader think of another using rhyme; the diversity meaning, word specifically is corruption . Arguments? The novel starts out with a description of London in November weather with implied season fog.

The author keeps talking about the thick fog all over the land, people, homes, and An Analyisis of "The of Ephesus" by Petronius, dogs. Arguments? After talking about this for some time, Dickens moves on to describe the Temple Bar by what sought saying that the opposing, muddy streets are muddiest near that leaden-headed old obstrution, appropriate ornament for diversity meaning, the threshold of a leaden-headed old corporation, Temple Bar. This is where Dickens' point can be found, for he uses the style of rhyme not so directly but makes the reader read it how he wants: he says that the Temple Bar is opposing arguments, a leaden-headed old obstruction while later the in same sentence says leaden-headed old corporation. Now that the reader has read the word obstruction rather than read it as corporation one will think of another word in this case, corruption . Because it sounds so close to RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, obstruction and it also starts with a C, the reader will read this word and think this Temple Bar is evil or a place of corruption. By using the word obstruction Dickens was able to arguments, make the what does sought mean, rader think this Temple Bar was corrupt and evil without saying it. Opposing Arguments? In the novel Bleak House Dickens uses diction to describe how the Chancellor's lies are bilnding the town and hurting the people within. Dickens' use of the word fog describes how the town has been covered in the lies of the Chancellor. Palestinian Essay? This blinding fog is not only keeping people from arguments, seeing the truth but is Children Essay, actually hurting the people of the opposing, village; it's in diversity meaning, the eyes and in the throats of the people of opposing this town as almost to silence and suffocate them. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay? The mud that covers the town is arguments, a metaphor for RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, the levels of bureaucracy and opposing arguments, falsehoods one must go through to find the truth.

The defense around the Chancellor comes in levels much like adding new deposites to the crust upon crust of mud which means stepping through one level only Spanking, leads you to a deeper, stickier level. Arguments? Together the sought mean, fog and opposing arguments, mud form an impossible barrier to the truth. Does Sought? It is obvious this is coming from the Chancellor's office. Dickens leads you to that conclusion with the raw afternoon is the rawest and opposing, the desnse fog is the desnest, and the muddy streets the muddiest near the examples of social stratification, leaden-headed old obstruction, which clearly states the closer you go the opposing arguments, harder it becomes to move forward without losing your path, becoming stuck, or stepping in the mud. Examples Of Social? Finally, Dickens comes right out and says that the heart ofr this fog of opposing lies is coming from the Chancellor himself.

Dickens leads you to Widow of Ephesus", this conclusion with his use of opposing diction and does, finally brings the answer to arguments, you in the last sentence of the what, paragraph.

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Nov 17, 2017 Opposing arguments,

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oyate resume Only the Westlaw citation is currently available. United States District Court, D. Opposing Arguments? South Dakota, Central Division. SISSETON-WAHPETON OYATE OF THE LAKE TRAVERSE RESERVATION, ROBERT SHEPHERD, CHAIRMAN, Plaintiffs,

UNITED STATES CORPS OF ENGINEERS, ROBERT J. RUCH, IN HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS DISTRICT COMMANDER; AND STEVEN E. NAYLOR, IN HIS OFFICIAL CAPACITY AS REGULATORY PROGRAM MANAGER, Defendants. OPINION AND ORDER REGARDING REMAINING ISSUES. ROBERTO A. What Does Sought Mean? LANGE UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE. *1 Plaintiffs Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation (the Tribe) and opposing arguments, Robert Shepherd, the Tribe’s then-Chairman, filed a Complaint and Amended Complaint seeking declaratory, injunctive, and other relief. Doc. BAN Essay? 1; Doc. 16.

Plaintiffs named as Defendants the United States Corps of Engineers (Corps), Steven E. Naylor, in his official capacity as Regulatory Program Manager, and Robert J. Ruch, in his official capacity as District Commander. Plaintiffs’ Complaint challenges the Corps granting of certain exemptions and permits under the Clean Water Act (CWA) to Merlyn Drake (Drake), and how it has dealt generally with Drake’s requests and conduct on land adjacent to Enemy Swim Lake, which is within the exterior boundaries of the Tribe’s reservation. This lawsuit centers on the Tribe’s concern about opposing development at Enemy Swim Lake within the of social, Lake Traverse Reservation in South Dakota. Doc. 16 at ¶ 1. The Tribe considers Enemy Swim Lake (Toka Nuwan Yapi) to be of tremendous cultural and religious significance. Doc. 16 at ¶ 2. Arguments? There are burial grounds at Spanking Essay, and near the lake, plants from the opposing, lake are used in ceremonies and for what sought mean, medicinal purposes, some tribal members spear and catch fish for arguments, sustenance from the lake, and many tribal members consider Enemy Swim Lake to be a sacred place. Doc. 16 at Essay, ¶ 2. The land surrounding the lake is owned by the Tribe, tribal members, and opposing arguments, non-tribal members.

Doc. 16 at ¶ 2. Drake, who is not a member of the Tribe, owns land adjoining Enemy Swim Lake. Doc. 16 at ¶ 7. Drake acquired the land from Leo K. Fleischhacker, who was a farmer and utilized a now-submerged gravel road to cross an inlet to Enemy Swim Lake. Doc.

16 at ¶¶ 2526. Drake has himself been constructing for the last several years the farm roads and bridge, which are approximately one mile in length and Children Essay, travel through an inlet to and crossing near the shoreline of Enemy Swim Lake. Doc. 16 at ¶¶ 1415. Certain of Drake’s prior receipt of exemptions and arguments, permits for activities on Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius, this property challenged in opposing arguments this litigation were time barred or otherwise dismissed. See Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the workplace, Lake Traverse Reservation v. U.S. Corps of Eng’rs, 124 F. Supp.

3d 958 (D.S.D. 2015); Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the opposing, Lake Traverse Reservation v. U.S. Corps of Eng’rs, No. CIV113026RAL, 2014 WL 4678052 (D.S.D. Sept. 18, 2014); Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate of the Lake Traverse Reservation v. U.S. Corps of Eng’rs, 918 F. What Sought? Supp. 2d 962 (D.S.D. 2013). The remaining issues in this case involve certain exemptions and permits under the CWA received in 2006 and 2009 by Drake from the Corps relating to excavation and extraction activities to create farm roads and a bridge to improve access to a portion of Drake’s land.

Doc. Arguments? 16 at Dirty Money, ¶ 11; Doc. Opposing? 69 at Essay Dirty, 17; Doc. 90. On January 25, 2005, because of the Tribe’s and other neighbors’ misgivings about Drake’s intended property use, the office of United States Senator Tim Johnson coordinated a meeting concerning Drake’s development projects at the Day County Courthouse in Webster, South Dakota.

Doc. 18-46 at ¶ 5; Doc. 27-6 at 4. This meeting was attended by, among others, Drake, Alvah Quinn, a member of the Tribe and its Fish and Wildlife Director, Doc. 18-46 at ¶¶ 13, Floyd DeCoteau, a member of the opposing arguments, Tribe and a lease clerk for Tribal Realty, Doc. 18-47 at ¶¶ 23, David LaGrone, a civil engineer for the Corps, Doc. 27-6, and Drew C. Johnson, a private attorney representing various individual landowners, Doc. Essay On Money? 27-6 at opposing arguments, 2527. The focus of the meeting was on Drake’s activities at Enemy Swim Lake and the Corps’ action to that point in allowing or not intervening in those activities. *2 In September 2005, Drake completed an “Application for Department of the Army Permit” to Spanking Children Essay construct a bridge across the primary inlet tributary of opposing Enemy Swim Lake for Dirty Money, access to agricultural land northwest of the inlet.

RA 1456; Doc. 32 at 45. On May 1, 2006, the Corps informed Drake that the bridge 1 would be exempt from the individual permitting requirements of the CWA because it qualified as a farm road. Doc. Arguments? 16 at ¶ 33; Doc 18-9 at 2. This 2006 bridge project was incomplete at the time of the sought, filing of the present lawsuit and arguments, although Drake had recently placed decking on the bridge, it had yet to be used at that time. Doc. 16 at ¶¶ 3436. The bridge is made of steel I-beams and what does, is wide enough for opposing, a two-lane road.

Doc. 16 at ¶¶ 3738. In October 2008, Drake again applied for a permit with the Corps, seeking permission to construct two culverted road crossings across two gullies 2 west of the 2006 bridge project. RA 2987. On May 4, 2009, the Corps determined that Nationwide Permit 14 allowed Drake to place two road crossings with culverts located on the north side of the inlet over two gullies because it was a linear road crossing. Doc. 18-9. In 2009, the Tribe made a Freedom of Information Act request regarding the Corps’ dealings with Drake and received responsive documents. ADOPTION? In 2009 and 2010, the Tribe and the Corps exchanged several letters.

On June 15, 2009, the Tribe asked the Corps to withdraw the exemption decisions and permits granted to Drake. Doc. 18-2 at 1. On July 7, 2009, the Corps provided an opposing interim response to the Tribe. Doc. 18-5. The Tribe sent an additional letter on May 2, 2010. Doc. 18-8.

The Corps then responded with a letter on August 30, 2010, which opened by examples of social stratification thanking the opposing, Tribe “for this further opportunity to ADOPTION BAN Essay explain the decisions we have made and arguments, the actions we have taken over the course of our twelve-year involvement in this matter.” Doc. 18-9 at 1. In February of 2012, the Tribe filed an Amended Complaint against the Corps seeking declaratory and injunctive relief on several claims under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. §§ 70106. Doc. 16. This Court granted in part the Corps’ motion to dismiss in Spanking an Opinion and Order that dismissed “any and all Counts and claims challenging Corps’ exemptions and opposing arguments, Nationwide Permit determinations that were discussed during the January 25, 2005 meeting” because they were time barred. Doc. 32 at Essay Dirty, 22; Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 918 F. Opposing? Supp. 2d at Widow by Petronius, 97475. Following two evidentiary hearings, this Court concluded that determinations made by the Corps as to various projects of Drake’s on opposing arguments, August 18, 1998; June 6, 2000; December 2, 2003; and December 4, 2003 were final and known to tribal officials as a part of the January 25, 2005 meeting, and thus the Tribe’s challenges to those determinations were time barred.

Doc. 69 at Spanking, 17; Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 2014 WL 4678052, at *9. The Tribe’s claims challenging the “Corps’ decisions not to modify, suspend, or revoke those determinations” were dismissed as non-justiciable. Doc. 32 at opposing arguments, 22; Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 918 F. Supp.

2d at Spanking Essay, 975. This Court also dismissed all claims hinging upon the Corps’ August 30, 2010 letter being final agency action. Opposing Arguments? Doc. 32 at 22; Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 918 F. Supp. Children Essay? 2d at 975. Remaining at issue is whether the Corps violated the requirements and implementing regulations of the National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) and the CWA when it issued an exemption under the CWA for Drake’s 2006 bridge project, and when it determined that Drake’s 2009 gully crossings qualified under a Nationwide Permit (NWP). *3 Plaintiffs challenge the Corps’ action under the NHPA 3 and the CWA through the APA. Under the opposing arguments, APA, the United States waived its sovereign immunity on behalf of federal agencies, such as the workplace, Corps. 5 U.S.C. § 702.

Agency action reviewed under the APA cannot be set aside by arguments a reviewing court unless it is “arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in of social accordance with law.” 5 U.S.C. § 706(2)(A). This standard is both narrow and highly deferential. Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Ass’n v. State Farm Mut. Arguments? Auto. Ins.

Co., 463 U.S. 29, 43 (1983). A reviewing court cannot “substitute its judgment for that of the agency,” id. , and “[i]f an agency’s determination is Children Essay supportable on any rational basis, [the Court] must uphold it,” Voyageurs Nat’l Park Ass’n v. Norton, 381 F.3d 759, 763 (8th Cir. 2004). A court may only find that an agency’s decision was arbitrary and capricious if “the agency has relied on factors which Congress has not intended it to arguments consider, entirely failed to consider an important aspect of the problem, offered an what does mean explanation for opposing, its decision that runs counter to the evidence before the agency, or is BAN Essay so implausible that it could not be ascribed to a difference in view or the product of agency expertise.” McClung v. Opposing? Paul, 788 F.3d 822, 828 (8th Cir. 2015) (quoting Motor Vehicle Mfrs. Essay Dirty Money? Ass’n, 463 U.S. at opposing, 43). This case involves claims made by what does sought Plaintiffs that deal with both the Corps’ statutory interpretation and the Corps’ interpretation of its own regulations. Where the Corps has interpreted CWA or NHPA, judicial scrutiny of the interpretation is guided by the two-step test found in Chevron, U.S.A., Inc. v. Nat.

Res. Def. Council, Inc., 467 U.S. Opposing Arguments? 837 (1984). First, the court looks to “whether Congress has directly spoken to ADOPTION the precise question at issue.” Id. at 842. If it has, the court must compare the statutory language with the agency’s interpretation. Id. at 84243. If it has not, the court must determine whether “the agency’s answer is based on a permissible construction of the statute,” even if the agency’s construction was not “the only one it permissibly could have adopted.” Id. at arguments, 843 n.11. Where the Corps has interpreted its own regulations, the Corps’ interpretation cannot be disturbed, unless it is “plainly erroneous or inconsistent with the regulation.” Auer v. Robbins, 519 U.S. 452, 461 (1997) (quoting Robertson v. Methow Valley Citizens Council, 490 U.S.

332, 359 (1989)). This involves a consideration not of whether the agency’s interpretation is the best one, Decker v. Nw. Workplace? Envtl. Def. Opposing Arguments? Ctr., 133 S. Children? Ct. 1326, 1337 (2013), but whether the interpretation is a “fair and considered judgment on arguments, the matter in question,” Auer, 519 U.S. at 462. III.

Law Concerning Statutory Claims. The CWA was passed in an effort to Dirty Money “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the opposing arguments, Nation’s waters.” 33 U.S.C. § 1251(a). With certain delineated exceptions, the CWA prohibits “the discharge of any pollutant by any person” into the navigable waters of the United States. Id. Essay? § 1311(a). The Corps is authorized to issue individual permits that allow “the discharge of arguments dredged or fill material into the navigable waters at specified disposal sites.” Id. § 1344(a). In addition to individual permits, the Corps is authorized to develop and issue general permits lasting five years that cover activities that “will cause only minimal adverse environmental effects when performed separately, and what does, will have only minimal cumulative adverse effect on the environment.” Id. § 1344(e).

The CWA also exempts as non-prohibited certain activities from compliance with the permitting process. Id. § 1344(f). *4 The NWP program developed from the allowance for general permits within the CWA. See id. Arguments? § 1344(e). NWPs are designed to “regulate with little, if any, delay or paperwork certain activities having minimal impacts.” 33 C.F.R. § 330.1(b). The process for diversity, creating a NWP involves a public notice and hearing procedure, and includes an analysis of the effects of the NWP under the CWA’s and the National Environmental Protection Act’s (NEPA) requirements. Arguments? See 33 U.S.C. § 1344(e)(1)(2) (authorizing the Corps’ issuance of general permits subject to prior review conditions); 33 C.F.R. Essay? § 330.5 (b)(3) (noting requirements under NEPA and CWA for NWPs); 42 U.S.C. § 4332(C) (detailing NEPA requirements); 40 C.F.R. Pt. 230 (detailing requirements for opposing arguments, all permits under CWA to diversity meaning follow). Opposing Arguments? Only after this multi-layered approval process are the NWPs published in the Federal Register and valid for a period of five years.

33 U.S.C. § 1344(e)(2); see generally 33 C.F.R. Pt. 330 (governing the issuance and administration of the NWP program). Individuals whose actions comply with the requirements of a specific NWP can proceed under the NWP without an individual permit, and in most cases without notifying the of social stratification, Corps, to dispose dredged or fill material into regulated waters, provided they comply with any conditions attached to the NWP. 33 C.F.R. § 330.2(c).

These General Conditions are published alongside the NWPs and arguments, “are additional provisions which place restrictions or limitations on all of the NWPs.” Id. § 330.2(h). “No activity which may affect properties listed or properties eligible for listing in the National Register of Historic Places[ ] is authorized” until the Corps complies with Appendix C, the Corps’ guidance for complying with NHPA. 33 C.F.R. § 330.4(g); Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Reg. 11,092, 11,192-93 (Mar. 12, 2007) (outlining General Condition 18, which is Children based on 33 C.F.R. § 330.4(g)). Opposing? The Corps requires that “[n]on-federal permittees will notify the [District Engineer] if the activity may affect historic properties which the National Park Service has listed, determined eligible for listing, or which the prospective permittee has reason to Essay believe may be eligible for listing, on the National Register of Historic Places.” Id. at § 330.4(g)(2). The proposed activity may not then begin “until . the requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act have been satisfied.” Id. at § 330.4(g)(2). The NWP at issue here is NWP 14 as it was in effect in 2007. Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Reg. at 11,18384.

This NWP allows “[a]ctivities required for the construction, expansion, modification, or improvement of opposing linear transportation projects (e.g., roads . ) in RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay waters of the United States.” Id. at 11,183. Opposing? The NWP requires “pre-construction notification” to the Corps “if: (1) The loss of waters of the United States exceeds 1/10 acre; or (2) there is a discharge in a special aquatic site, including wetlands.” Id. at 11,184. NWP 14 specifically notes that “[s]ome discharges for the construction of farm roads . may qualify for BAN Essay, an exemption under Section 404(f) of the Clean Water Act.” Id. The exemption referenced allows for the “construction or maintenance of farm roads, . where such roads are constructed and opposing arguments, maintained, in accordance with best management practices.” 33 U.S.C. § 1344(f)(1)(E). As an exception to the exemption, if the exempted road would bring “an area of the navigable waters into a use to which it was not previously subject, where the flow or circulation of navigable waters may be impaired or the what does sought, reach of such waters be reduced,” that road would be subject to regulation, or “recaptured,” under the CWA. Id. § 1344(f)(2). B. The National Historic Preservation Act. The NHPA requires that before a federal agency can approve the expenditure of federal funds on a “Federal or federally assisted undertaking . or prior to the issuance of any license,” the agency head shall “take into account the opposing arguments, effect of the undertaking” on historic properties. 54 U.S.C. § 306108. 4 This includes any program or project where “Federal assistance is provided or any Federal license, permit, or other approval is required.” 5 Id. at § 306105. In addition, the agency head “shall to the maximum extent possible undertake such planning and actions as may be necessary to minimize harm to” any National Historic Landmark.

Id. at § 306107. The agency must allow the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (Advisory Council), created under the NHPA, to RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay comment on the undertaking’s effect on a historic property. Id. at arguments, § 306108. *5 In its guidelines, the Corps defines an undertaking as “the work, structure or discharge that requires a Department of the Army permit pursuant to the Corps regulations.” 33 C.F.R. ADOPTION? Pt. 325, App’x C at (1)(f). In the regulations implementing the NHPA, the Advisory Council defines an undertaking as a project, activity, or program funded in whole or in arguments part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a Federal agency, including those carried out by or on ADOPTION, behalf of a Federal agency; those carried out with Federal financial assistance; and those requiring a Federal permit, license or approval,” which is verbatim from the NHPA’s definitions section. 36 C.F.R. § 800.16(y); Protection of Historic Properties, 65 Fed. Reg.

77,698, 77,712 (Dec. 12, 2000); see also 54 U.S.C. § 300320. Arguments? The regulations also state that “[t]he Agency Official is responsible, in accordance with § 800.3(a), for making the workplace meaning, determination as to whether a proposed Federal action is an undertaking,” but should seek advice from the Advisory Council “when uncertain about whether or not its action falls within the definition of an undertaking.” Protection of Historic Properties, 65 Fed. Opposing? Reg. at 77,712. The Corps and the Advisory Council disagree about whether the Corps’ regulations comply with the NHPA in several areas. Dirty Money? See Doc. 90-2. After determining that a Corps project is opposing a federal undertaking, the process of RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay minimizing harm to historical properties, known as the Section 106 process, 6 begins.

The first step is to determine whether the undertaking “is a type of activity that has the potential to cause effects on historic properties.” 36 C.F.R. § 800.3(a). Opposing? “If the undertaking is a type of activity that does not have the potential to cause effects on historic properties, assuming such historic properties were present, the agency official has no further obligations under section 106 or this part.” Id. § 800.3(a)(1). The Advisory Council has clarified that at this step agencies “should not be considering case-specific issues,” but should instead focus on sought mean, the “ ‘type and opposing, nature’ of the undertaking.” Protection of Historic Properties, 65 Fed. Reg. at 77,703. No further codified guidance is given regarding which types of Spanking activities have the potential to cause effects on historic properties, or the proper assumption 7 of the arguments, presence of historical properties during this analysis. If the does sought, Section 106 process continues because there is the opposing, potential for the type of activity to have an effect on a historic property, the area of potential effect (APE) of the undertaking must be identified; and then through consultation with the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) and if applicable the Tribal Historic Preservation Officer (THPO), the agency must determine whether the undertaking itself will have an effect within the workplace diversity, APE on any historic properties present; finally, the SHPO, THPO, and Advisory Council have the opposing, opportunity to review and object to the Corps’ finding.

36 C.F.R. § 800.4(a)(d). This consultation process, once initiated, must involve the THPO, “even if the location of the historic property is off tribal lands.” White Earth Nation v. Kerry , No. 14-4726 (MJD/LIB), 2015 WL 8483278, at *6 (D. Minn. Dec. 9, 2015).

p align=center A. National Historic Preservation Act Claims. Plaintiffs make two claims regarding the NHPA. 8 First, Plaintiffs argue that the Corps’ decision deeming the 2006 bridge exemption not to be an “undertaking” and thus not triggering the diversity meaning, Section 106 process was arbitrary and opposing, capricious. Doc. 90 at 1218.

Second, Plaintiffs argue that the Corps’ process in determining that the 2009 gully crossings under NWP 14 had no potential to cause effects on historic artifacts was arbitrary and capricious. Doc. 90 at 1826. *6 Plaintiffs first argue that the An Analyisis of Ephesus" Essay, Corps acted in an arbitrary and capricious manner by deeming Drake’s 2006 bridge project to fall under the farm road exemption of the CWA and therefore not to be an undertaking triggering the Section 106 process. Doc. 90 at 1213.

Plaintiffs claim that the 2006 bridge project was an arguments undertaking because it received the diversity, Corps’ approval under the standards set out in the CWA for exemptions, Doc. 90 at 1314, including that the arguments, Corps is responsible for ensuring Drake’s project complies with the CWA’s Best Management Practices (BMP), Doc. 90 at BAN Essay, 1618. Plaintiffs argue that the arguments, varying definitions for what does sought mean, an undertaking between the Advisory Council’s and the Corps’ implementing regulations make the Corps’ regulations invalid in determining what constitutes an undertaking. Doc.

90 at 1416. The Corps’ action of determining that Drake’s project was subject to an exemption from the CWA would not, however, qualify as a federal undertaking under either the Corps’ narrow or the Advisory Council’s broad definitions. As applicable here, the arguments, Advisory Council’s definition of an undertaking, mirroring the NHPA statute, includes “those requiring a Federal permit, license or approval.” 36 C.F.R. § 800.16(y); see also 54 U.S.C. § 300320(3). An Analyisis Of "The Widow Of Ephesus"? The Corps’ determination that Drake’s 2006 bridge project would be subject to the farm road exemption within the CWA did not require a permit; it was an exemption from a permit. It also did not require federal approval; it was an exemption from the necessity of federal approval under the CWA. “The explicit terms of opposing arguments Section 106 . require a finding not just of agency ‘action,’ ” such as the Corps’ action in finding Drake’s activities to be subject to what mean an exemption, “but of an ‘undertaking’that is, ‘a project, activity, or program.’ ” Nat’l Trust for Historic Pres. Arguments? v. Blanck, 938 F. Supp. 908, 91819 (D.D.C. 1996) (quoting 16 U.S.C. § 470(w)(7), now codified at 54 U.S.C.

300320(3)). The United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit has deemed actions not to be undertakings when they have involved far more federal action than the farm road exemption at issue here. See Ringsred, 828 F.2d at 130809 (finding that the Secretary of the Interior’s approval of a parking ramp structure being built by an Indian tribe under 25 U.S.C. § 81 was not enough to qualify it as a federal undertaking where that contract approval was the only federal involvement in the project). Meaning? Other courts have drawn distinct lines between federal actions and federal undertakings that trigger the Section 106 process. See CTIA-Wireless Ass’n v. FCC, 466 F.3d 105, 11415 n.4 (D.C.

Cir. 2006) (holding that construction of cell phone towers requiring approval via registration from the FCC were a federal undertaking subject to NHPA, but noting that towers below a certain height, not requiring registration with the FCC would not be included within this holding); Sheridan Kalorama Historical Ass’n v. Christopher, 49 F.3d 750, 754 (D.C. Opposing Arguments? Cir. 1995) (noting that “federal authority to fund or to license a project can render the project an undertaking, but the decision of the funding or licensing agency is not itself an undertaking,” and RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, that the failure of the Secretary of State to disapprove a proposed demolition was not an undertaking); Grand Canyon Trust v. Williams, 98 F. Supp. 3d 1044, 106566 (D. Ariz.

2015) (finding that the Forest Services’ determination that a uranium mine had valid existing rights was not a federal undertaking itself where that determination was not needed to resume mining), appeal filed Grand Canyon Trust v. Opposing Arguments? Williams, No. 15-15857 (9th Cir. Apr. 28, 2015). But see Fein v. What Does Sought? Peltier, 949 F. Supp. 374, 379 (D.V.I.

1996) (finding that because a private property owner’s original deed required cooperation with the opposing arguments, National Park Service in avoiding interference with historic properties on examples, the land, any construction of opposing a residence upon the land constituted an undertaking). *7 If the act of approving an exemption to the CWA were an undertaking for purposes of the NHPA, the Section 106 process would apply in every project involving the navigable waters of the United States. Logically, there must be some governmental action under the NHPA that is not an undertaking. The NHPA casts a wide net as to what qualifies as an undertaking, but there are certain actions which are necessarily outside the category. Accordingly, many courts treat the decision of what is a “federal undertaking” under the NHPA the same as what is a “major federal action” within the NEPA. See San Carlos Apache Tribe v. United States, 417 F.3d 1091, 1097 (9th Cir. 2005); Sac and of "The, Fox Nation of Mo. v. Norton, 240 F.3d 1250, 1263 (10th Cir. 2001). The NEPA does not require the preparation of an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), the arguments, cornerstone of the An Analyisis of "The Widow by Petronius, NEPA’s protections for the environment, when a particular project is excluded from the NEPA because it is not a major federal action. See 42 U.S.C. § 4332(C)(i); Save Barton Creek Ass’n v. Fed. Highway Admin., 950 F.2d 1129, 1133 (5th Cir.

1992) (per curiam) (“The requirements of NEPA, which include, among other things, the submission of an EIS, apply only when the federal government’s involvement in a project is sufficient to constitute major Federal action.’ ”). Opposing? Protections for historic placesthough critically importantshould not be held categorically higher than protections for the environment, especially when Congress has not dictated that exemptions or exceptions to major federal statutes should be deemed federal undertakings within the NHPA’s jurisdiction. As. this Court previously decided, the Corps’ ongoing responsibilities to oversee Drake’s compliance with BMPs is subject to the Corps’ enforcement authority. Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 124 F. Supp. 3d at 96364. The ability of the ADOPTION BAN Essay, Corps to monitor Drake’s compliance with BMPs, without more, is not enough to transform the 2006 bridge exemption into a federal undertaking.

Plaintiffs cite a case from the District of Alabama as their authority to link enforcement of BMPs to an exemption under the CWA. Opposing? Doc. What Does Mean? 92 at opposing arguments, 8; United States v. Smith, No. Meaning? 1200498KDC, 2014 WL 3687223, at *1 (S.D. Ala. July 24, 2014).

However, the opposing arguments, Smith case stands for the proposition that approval from the Corps is not necessary to make the farm use exemption from the CWA apply, and thus a federal undertaking is not present simply by virtue of BMP responsibility. Id. at stratification, *2. Opposing Arguments? Thus, although BMPs are required for successful exemption from the CWA, the Corps’ responsibility to monitor BMPs does not transform an exemption into a federal undertaking. Plaintiffs’ second claim regarding the NHPA is that the Corps was arbitrary and capricious in deciding that the what, 2009 gully crossings allowed under NWP 14 had no potential to affect historic places. Doc. 90 at 1820. Opposing Arguments? The Corps appeared not to properly consider whether the 2009 gully crossings were the type of undertaking that had the potential to affect historic properties assuming such properties were present, so this Court remands this issue for BAN Essay, the Corps’ further consideration. Plaintiffs argue that the Corps failed to assume that historic properties were present when making the initial decision regarding whether the gully crossings approved under NWP 14 would be the type of opposing undertakings that would have the RUSSIAN'S, potential to effect historic places.

Doc. 90 at 2021. The Administrative Record suggests that the Corps did assume the presence of historic properties in the gully crossing area when processing Drake’s NWP 14 application. See RA 3291; RA 3413; RA 3414; RA 3523; 3597; RA 3610; RA 3612. However, the arguments, Corps appears to have skipped the initial question of whether the 2009 gully crossings were the type of activity that had the potential to affect historic places, and moved into a question of whether there were any exact places that could be impacted. See 36 C.F.R. § 800.3(a).

The NHPA’s implementing regulations require that this initial question not involve site-specific details of the project and Widow of Ephesus", historic properties existing within the APE, but look only at the type of work planned generally, assuming there could be historical properties present. Protection of Historic Properties, 65 Fed. Reg. at 77,703 (“The previous language implied that making such a determination related to the circumstances of the particular undertaking, rather than the more generic analysis of whether the type of undertaking had the potential to affect historic properties.”). Although using the language of a finding of “no potential to effect” in both the communications with Drake and arguments, briefing to this Court, the Corps appears to have done the research and made findings consistent with a “no effect” determination, involving whether any historic properties actually in existence would be affected by the gully crossings; this analysis should occur later in the Section 106 process and requires consultation with the SHP O, THPO, and on, Advisory Council. See, e.g. Opposing Arguments? , RA 3036; RA 3413; RA 3523; RA 3597; RA 3610; RA 3612; Doc. 91 at 16; see also 36 C.F.R. § 800.4(d)(1) (describing the requirements of a finding of no effects); Reissuance of workplace diversity Nationwide Permits , 77 Fed. Reg. at 11,19293. Neither the arguments, Administrative Record nor the parties’ submissions indicate that the Corps considered, either on its own or through the assertions of Drake, whether gully crossings were the type of activity that could affect historic properties. In its informal website explanation of the “no potential to effect” decision, the Advisory Council gives an example of the of "The by Petronius, types of activities that might qualify for a “no potential to effect” decision: *8 The presence of historic properties must be assumed at this stage. For example, grants for libraries to acquire books do not have the potential to affect historic properties; grants for opposing arguments, “meals-on-wheels” programs, however, do, because the money may be used for providing kitchen facilities, the construction of which has the potential to affect historic properties.

Section 106 Regulations Section-by-Section Questions and Answers , Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (Aug. 30, 2013), http://www.achp.gov/106qa.html#800.3. It seems that if a grant for a “meals-on-wheels” program is the type of undertaking that has the potential to affect historic properties, the construction of two gully crossings over, an inlet protected by the CWA would be as well, and diversity, the Section 106 process should continue. Opposing Arguments? Cf. Pres. Soc. of Charleston v. U.S.

Army Corps of Eng’rs, No. 2:122942RMG, 2013 WL 6488282, at *1, *4, *11, *16 (D.S.C. Sept. 18, 2013) (holding that it was an improper scope of analysis under the NEPA to consider only whether individual concrete pilings, rather than a passenger ship terminal, had the potential to affect environmental and historical resources under the NEPA and the NHPA, and rejecting the Essay, Corps’ determination that the project was not the type that could affect historical properties). By failing to consider whether the opposing, type of undertaking was one that could cause potential effects on historic properties, the Corps removed itself from having to complete additional steps in the Section 106 process.

If the Corps had determined that the gully crossings were the type of on undertaking that could affect historic properties, the Corps would be required to arguments consult with the Tribe regarding historic tribal properties within the project area. A prejudicial error analysis controls whether to “hold unlawful and set aside” the Essay, Corps’ action of failing to consider if the type of undertaking at issue had the potential to cause effects on historic properties. 5 U.S.C. Opposing? § 706(2)(A). “The burden to demonstrate prejudicial error is on Spanking Children, the party challenging the agency action.” Cty. of Charles Mix v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 799 F. Supp. 2d 1027, 1043 (D.S.D.

2011) (quoting Jicarilla Apache Nation v. U.S. Dep’t of Interior, 613 F.3d 1112, 1121 (D.C. Cir. 2010)). Opposing? The Tribe has shown the potential for historic properties to be located within the An Analyisis Widow of Ephesus", project area. Doc. 92 at 2, 10 (identifying a photograph of arguments a potential burial mound located near the project site, a video of the investigation of additional possible cultural locations in on Money the area, and identifying sources indicating the commonality of Dakota spiritual sites to be located near lake shorelines).

Although the Corps investigated and determined there were no properties listed or eligible for listing on arguments, the National Historic Register, which may have otherwise constituted non-prejudicial error, this process did not include tribal involvement, a significant oversight in a location ripe with tribal history. See, e.g. , RA 3523. Thus, it is possible that the workplace meaning, Corps’ failure to consider the type of undertaking before beginning the Section 106 process resulted not only in opposing circumventing tribal consultation, but also overlooking legitimate historical site information that could only be provided by the Tribe, and diversity meaning, this qualifies as prejudicial error. Therefore, the matter ought to be remanded to the Corps for appropriate further agency action on Drake’s 2009 gully crossings application, in accordance with the process identified at arguments, 36 C.F.R. § 800.3(a). *9 Plaintiffs next argue that the Corps failed to consult with the THPO to identify historic resources as required by Spanking Children Essay the NHPA, its implementing regulations, and the Corps’ regulations for complying with the Section 106 process. Doc. 90 at 2224. Both the Advisory Council’s implementing regulations and the Corps’ NHPA compliance regulations are clear that where the decision has been made that a proposed undertaking has no potential to effect historic properties, the Section 106 process ends. See 36 C.F.R. Arguments? § 800.3(a)(1); Protection of Historic Properties, 65 Fed. Workplace Meaning? Reg. at 77,718; see also Valley Cmty. Opposing Arguments? Pres.

Comm’n v. Mineta, 373 F.3d 1078, 1090 (10th Cir. 2004); Save Our Heritage, Inc. v. FAA, 269 F.3d 49, 62 (1st Cir. 2001); Nat’l Post Office Collaborative v. Donahoe, No. 3:13cv1406 (JBA), 2013 WL 5818889, at of social stratification, *810 (D. Conn. Oct. 28, 2013); McGehee v. U.S. Army Corps of Eng’rs, No.

3:11CV160H, 2011 WL 2009969, at *5 (D.W.D. Ky. May 23, 2011); Chugach Alaska Corp. v. U.S. Arguments? Forest Serv., No. A99414 CV (JWS), 1999 WL 33946351 (D. Alaska Dec. Money? 14, 1999). Opposing Arguments? The remand will allow the Corps to reevaluate its compliance with the Section 106 process and potentially consult with the THPO. Finally, Plaintiffs argue that it was an improper delegation of agency responsibility that the conditions of NWP 14 allowed Drake to oversee his own compliance with the NHPA.

Doc. 90 at 2426. The Advisory Council’s regulations allow federal agencies to “use the services of applicants . to prepare information, analyses and recommendations under [Section 106],” but “the agency official is responsible for Spanking Children, ensuring that [a document’s] content meets applicable standards and guidelines.” 36 C.F.R. § 800.2(a)(3). In addition to opposing arguments informing Drake that he was responsible for notifying the Corps should he suspect the presence of any historical properties, the Corps themselves investigated whether there were historic properties within the area of the gully crossings. See RA 3523; RA 3597; RA 3610. The Corps’ internal regulations may allow a permittee to submit information regarding compliance with the NHPA, but such information is only part of what is used in the NHPA compliance determination. See RA 3712 (“The district engineer shall make a reasonable and good faith effort to carry out ADOPTION BAN Essay, appropriate identification efforts . Opposing Arguments? Based on the information submitted [by an applicant] and these efforts , the district engineer shall determine whether the proposed activity has the potential to cause an effect on the historic properties.”) (emphasis added). In this case, the Corps did its own investigations into the location of historic properties. See RA 3523; RA 3597; RA 3610; see also Standing Rock Sioux Tribe v. What Sought Mean? U.S. Arguments? Army Corps of Engr’s, No. 16-1534 (JEB), 2016 WL 4734356, at on, *20 (D.D.C.

Sept. 9, 2016) (noting that permitting under a NWP “would be arbitrary and capricious where it relies completely on the unilateral determination of a permittee that there is opposing no potential cultural resource that will be injured by its permitted activity,” but where the Corps considered any potential effects itself there was no need to decide that issue). Here, the Corps did not improperly delegate agency responsibility to Drake. Plaintiffs make several claims under the CWA that the Corps’ decisions regarding the 2006 bridge exemption and 2009 gully crossings were arbitrary and capricious. Plaintiffs argue that the Corps failed to give the RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, required public notice to adjacent landowners after receiving Drake’s initial application, Doc. 90 at 2628; the Corps failed to engage in consultation with the Tribe under Executive Order 13,175 and the Corps’ regulations, Doc. 90 at opposing, 2829; the Corps should have known that Drake was not using the 2006 bridge exemption or the 2009 gully crossings for examples of social stratification, their intended purposes, Doc.

90 at opposing, 2930; the Corps authorized the of social, 2009 gully crossings in arguments violation of the prohibition against piecemealing, Doc. 90 at 3132; the diversity meaning, Tribe had jurisdiction to perform the necessary water quality certification under the opposing, CWA, Doc. 90 at workplace, 3233; and arguments, finally, the Corps failed to accurately identify the Spanking Essay, amount of wetlands that would be lost and engage in opposing arguments appropriate mitigation measures, Doc. 90 at 3334. *10 Plaintiffs first argue that prior to authorizing Drake’s exemption for the 2006 bridge project under the CWA, the Corps should have provided public notice because Drake filed an “application” for of "The Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius, a permit. Doc. 90 at 26; see also RA 1456. Plaintiffs elevate style over substance, and concentrate on the fact that Drake filed a document entitled “application” with the Corps, but do not address the difference of procedures between the process for a permit application and arguments, the process for a CWA exemption, and are unable to cite to any authority indicating that public notice is required when the Corps determines an RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay exemption to the permitting process of the CWA applies. Doc. Arguments? 90 at 2627.

The Corps’ regulation cited by Plaintiffs as requiring public notice, 33 C.F.R. § 325.2(a)(2), features a preface in the previous section that “[t]he processing procedures of this part apply to any Department of the workplace meaning, Army (DA) permit.” 33 C.F.R. § 325.1(a). Opposing? Although Drake initiated contact with the Corps through a document that included the word “application,” the Corps did not issue or deny a permit for the 2006 bridge that would fall under the public notice procedures of does 33 C.F.R. § 325.2(a)(2). As the Corps points out, accepting Plaintiffs’ position would mean the Corps would be required to issue not just public notice, but complete the full spectrum of arguments procedures contained in Part 325 any time there was an exemption to the CWA under 33 U.S.C. § 1334(f), which would render the exemptions nearly meaningless. Doc. 91 at 2021. Further, in An Analyisis of "The Essay describing the application form and its appropriate contents, the Corps’ regulations state that “[c]ertain activities have been authorized by opposing arguments general permits and Dirty Money, do not require submission of an application form but may require a separate notification.” 33 C.F.R. § 325.1(c). If projects authorized under a NWP or other general permit do not require an application and further compliance with the procedures in Part 325, it does not make sense to this Court that an exemption from the CWA would require compliance.

9. Plaintiffs next argue that the Corps’ decision that Drake’s 2006 bridge project fell within an exemption to the CWA was invalid because no tribal consultation occurred. Doc. 90 at 2829. Plaintiffs recognize that tribal consultation with the THPO under the NHPA’s Section 106 does not apply to the 2006 bridge project. Instead, Plaintiffs rely on the terms of Executive Order 13,175, the purpose of which is “to establish regular and meaningful consultation and opposing, collaboration with tribal officials in the development of Federal policies that have tribal implications.” Exec. Order No. 13,175, 65 Fed.

Reg. 67,249, 67,249 (Nov. 6, 2000). This is accomplished through a series of directives requiring agencies to ensure the receipt of of "The Widow of Ephesus" Essay input from tribes “when formulating and implementing policies that have tribal implications.” Id. The Executive Order does not directly apply to the Corps’ decision regarding Drake’s 2006 bridge project.

The plain language of the Executive Order refers to the development of agency policies, which it defines as “regulations, legislative comments or proposed legislation; and opposing arguments, other policy statements or actions.” Id. The individual action of the Corps determining that Drake’s 2006 bridge project qualified as an exemption to the CWA cannot be construed as a policy action. Moreover, the what mean, Executive Order does not create a private right of opposing action and specifically states that it was “not intended to on Money create any right, benefit, or trust responsibility, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by a party against the United States, its agencies, or any person.” Id. at 67,252; see also Indep. Meat Packers Ass’n v. Butz, 526 F.2d 228, 23435 (8th Cir. 1975) (noting that executive orders only have “the force and effect of laws when issued pursuant to a statutory mandate or delegation of authority from Congress,” and that if an order has the force of law, aggrieved parties “would still have to demonstrate that it was intended to create a private right of action”). Plaintiffs also invoke the Corps’ own tribal consultation requirements as applicable to both the 2006 bridge exemption and the 2009 gully crossings. Only one consultation policy cited by Plaintiffs was in effect at the time of the 2006 decision, the Department of arguments Defense’s American Indian and Alaska Native Policy. The Policy, signed in 1998, specifically states that it does not “provide an Essay independent cause of action upon opposing which the Department may be sued,” and it is not intended to expand any existing legal rights. William S. Cohen, American Indian and Alaska Native Policy , Dep’t of Defense (Oct. 20, 1998), at 1 n.b, n.2; see also Yankton Sioux Tribe v. U.S.

Dep’t of Health and Human Servs., 533 F.3d 634, 644 (8th Cir. 2008) (affirming a dismissal under Fed. Does Mean? R. Civ. Pro. 12(b)(6) that a tribal consultation policy that did not expressly include a right of action could not be litigated by the appellant). Thus, the Corps did not violate any tribal consultation policy in effect at the time of the decisions in this case.

10. *11 Finally, Plaintiffs argue that the Corps’ decision to determine Drake’s 2006 bridge project qualified for the farm road exemption was arbitrary and capricious because the arguments, Corps should have known, based on concerns received and the size of the proposed bridge, that Drake was not using the bridge for the reasons stated in his application, which would move the project outside the scope of the farm road exemption. Doc. What Sought Mean? 90 at 2930. Opposing Arguments? A district court’s mandate in reviewing agency interpretation of law is not to “substitute its judgment for that of the agency,” Motor Vehicle Mfrs.

Ass’n, 463 U.S. at 43, but only to determine whether the Children Essay, “agency’s determination is supportable on any rational basis,” Voyageurs Nat’l Park Ass’n, 381 F.3d at 763. Using the opposing arguments, Chevron analysis, this Court determines that while Congress has allowed for exemptions for farm roads under the CWA, it has not spoken to this precise issue. Chevron, 467 U.S. at on Dirty, 84243. Arguments? Thus, this Court moves on to the examples of social, second question under Chevron determining whether “the agency’s answer is based on a permissible construction of the statute,” even if it was not “the only one it permissibly could have adopted.” Id. at 843 n.11. In this situation, the Administrative Record contains support for the Corps’ determination that Drake’s 2006 bridge project was for the purpose of the building of an opposing exempt farm road, and thus the exemption finding was not an workplace arbitrary and capricious determination. Congress has required that the farm road exemption apply “for the purpose of construction . of farm roads,” necessitating that Drake’s use be centered on agricultural activities. Opposing? 33 U.S.C. § 1344(f)(1)(E).

While Plaintiffs point to RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION many situations in opposing the Administrative Record where the Corps was warned that Drake was not a farmer and Spanking Children, may have planned to engage in activities that would take his project out of the farm road exemption, Doc. 90 at 29, the Corps’ own investigation and findings were that Drake was going to use the bridge for the purposes of a farm road, Doc. 91 at 2627. The Corps confirmed Drake’s use of the property for opposing arguments, agricultural purposes at the time of the application. The Corps went on a site visit and observed cattle grazing in stratification Drake’s pasture. Opposing? RA 1429. The Corps took note of photographs of cattle on Drake’s property, submitted by a third party. RA 1338; RA 1513.

The third party, an individual who has continually objected to Drake’s projects in the area of Enemy Swim Creek, observed cattle crossing “the exact stream locations as they have for years prior.” RA 1331; RA 1338. The third party also complained that cattle were degrading the stream bank in the area where the 2006 bridge was ultimately built. RA 1339. Children Essay? Furthermore, after receiving allegations that Drake did not plan to use the bridge for opposing, agricultural purpose, the Corps re-examined the Money, project and determined that the farm road exception still applied. RA 151317. Opposing Arguments? The additional arguments made by Plaintiffs in regards to ADOPTION BAN Essay the size of the bridge necessary for such farm use are not convincing. See Doc. 90 at 30.

The Corps has noted that at times Enemy Swim Creek’s water level rises substantially, RA 1562, and the bridge must be of a sufficient size to safely carry farm vehicles and comply with the State of South Dakota’s requirements to not obstruct public access or fish passage, Doc. 91 at 30; RA 242933. The Court previously ruled in favor of the Corps on opposing arguments, issues of BMP compliance and recapture issues relating to the bridge, and will not revisit those rulings at RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, this time. Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 124 F. Supp. 3d at opposing arguments, 963; Doc.

90 at 31 n.15. This decision of Children Essay course is not to embolden either Drake to use the 2006 bridge or road to opposing facilitate commercial development, or the does sought, Corps to disregard whether Drake complies with BMPs or possible recapture. The Corps determination at the time was “based on a permissible construction of the statute” and is supported by the record in this case. Opposing Arguments? Chevron, 467 U.S. at 843. Plaintiffs also argue that the determination that the 2009 gully crossings qualified under NWP 14 required public notice. Doc. 90 at 2628. For the same reasons as noted above, this Court determines that the Corps was not required to issue public notice for a project falling under a general permit program, rather than the workplace diversity, Corps’ individual permitting process. To hold otherwise would be antithetical to the NWP’s purpose of regulating “with little, if any, delay or paperwork certain activities having minimal impacts.” 33 C.F.R. § 330.1(b); see also Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, 2016 WL 4734356, at *4 (“[A] permittee may typically rely on the general permit without even notifying the Corps of its covered activity.”). *12 Plaintiffs next argue that tribal consultation was required for the 2009 gully crossings because General Condition 16 to the NWPs states that “[n]o activity or its operation may impair reserved tribal rights, including, but not limited to, reserved water rights and opposing arguments, treaty fishing and hunting rights.” Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed.

Reg. at 11,192. An Analyisis Of "The Widow Of Ephesus"? In reissuing the NWPs, the Corps indicated that district engineers are to opposing determine whether tribal rights would be impacted by an activity “on a case-by-case basis, through appropriate consultations with Indian tribes.” Id. at 11,158. Because the Tribe has not alleged any specific violations of reserved rights 11 in either the Administrative Record or the briefings specifically in workplace diversity relation to the 2009 gully crossings, this Court cannot determine whether the Corps has violated General Condition 16. The communication pointed to by Plaintiffs regarding spearfishing under reserved rights occurred in 2004, 12 and the telephone notes indicate it was in relation to a “bridge x-ing,” not the gully crossing location at issue in arguments the 2009 determination. RA 0053. The Corps of course ought to be consulting with the Tribe under the current tribal consultation policy, and the Corps may have an opportunity to do so under the what does sought mean, NHPA in light of the remand on that issue. But, the absence of consultation does not itself under General Condition 16 render the NWP 14 finding to be arbitrary and capricious. Plaintiffs next argue that in approving the 2009 gully crossings under NWP 14, the Corps knew that Drake was “piecemealing” a single project in order to avoid the Corps’ individual permitting requirements. Doc. 90 at 3132. Indeed, Drake has sought a number of exemptions and NWPs through the years for what ostensibly is a farm road with bridges.

This challenge involves the interpretation of the Corps’ own regulations, so the standard of review is not whether the “agency’s interpretation . [is] the best one,” Decker, 133 S. Arguments? Ct. at 1337, but only whether the interpretation is a “fair and considered judgment on the matter in question,” Auer, 519 U.S. at 462. The commentary to NWP 14 specifies that “in the case of linear transportation projects, a ‘single and of social stratification, complete project’ consists of a single crossing of a water of the United States,.or more than one crossing at the same location.” Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Reg. at 11,109. Further definitions note that “[p]hased developments can be authorized by the NWP, provided that each phase is a single and arguments, complete project and has independent utility.” Id. at 11,125. “Independent utility” is defined as a situation where the project “would be constructed absent the construction of Widow by Petronius other projects in the project area,” but this definition is not in arguments specific reference to workplace diversity NWP 14. Id. at 11,196. The Corps relies on these definitions to support its determination that the 2009 gully crossings were themselves a single and complete project. Opposing? Doc. 91 at workplace diversity, 32. Plaintiffs counter that because Drake might build a new lakeshore home, the opposing arguments, road should be considered the single and complete project, not the crossings themselves. Workplace Diversity? Doc. 90 at 3132.

As indicated in the re-issuance of NWPs in opposing arguments 2007, NWP 14 can be applied even when “there may be future development activities,” because the effects of any future development activities must necessarily “be addressed through applicable permitting requirements if and when future activities are proposed.” Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Reg. at 11,110. Examples? This of course is not to endorse any development activity by Drake using the farm road. However, the opposing arguments, Corps’ determination that the 2009 gully crossings were a single and complete project is a “fair and considered judgment on the matter in question,” and this Court will not overturn the Corps decision on this issue. Auer, 519 U.S. at 462. *13 Plaintiffs also assert that the Tribe may have had jurisdiction to conduct the CWA’s required water quality certification, and the Corps was aware of that possibility, so its failure to consult with the Tribe on the issue was arbitrary and capricious. Doc. 90 at 3233. The CWA requires that before a federal permit may be issued under its requirements, a water quality certification must be obtained from the state where the project is of social stratification located. 33 U.S.C. § 1341(a)(1).

Under the CWA, tribal governments can apply to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to be treated as states” for the purpose of water quality certifications, and can develop independent water quality standards to apply within the tribe’s jurisdiction. 33 U.S.C. § 1377(e); Montana v. U.S. Envtl. Protection Agency, 137 F.3d 1135, 113839 (9th Cir. 1998).

The Tribe has neither presented evidence that it has EPA authorization to be treated as a state for purposes of the CWA water quality certifications, nor explained how there is tribal jurisdiction over these requirements. See RA 2958; RA 3037 (communications relating to the Tribe’s ability to complete water quality certifications coming from the arguments, Corps, not from the Tribe). RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION? Water quality has a close connection to reserved tribal fishing rights, but the Tribe has provided no indication on opposing, this record that separate tribal water quality standards are a reserved treaty right. Plaintiffs then argue that the Corps failed to engage in the necessary mitigation required for the project because it did not accurately measure the Spanking Children Essay, amount of wetlands that would be lost through the construction of the 2009 gully crossings. Doc. 90 at 3334. General Condition 20(e) in place at the time of the opposing arguments, 2009 gully crossings determination required compensatory mitigation whenever “wetland losses [ ] exceed 1/10 acre.” Reissuance of Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Essay On Money? Reg. at 11,193.

A “Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination” is a “written indication[ ] that there may be waters of the arguments, United States on a parcel.” 33 C.F.R. § 331.2. This Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination is not appealable, as opposed to an “Approved Jurisdictional Determination” which is appealable due to its final nature. Workplace? Id. The Corps completed an in-office Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination estimating the total wetlands within the project area to be .9 acres on opposing, December 15, 2008. RA 3138; Doc. 91 at 36. The Corps updated the Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination based on information submitted to the Corps by Drake after he requested an increase in project area, using the area and calculation provided by Drake. Doc. 91 at 37.

Because there was no change between the Corps’ initial Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination as to total wetland loss and what does sought mean, the updated Preliminary Jurisdiction Determination, even though Drake requested that the two crossings be increased by 30 feet in length total beyond his initial estimation, Plaintiffs reason that the Corps erred in calculating the amount of wetlands within the project area, and mitigation was required. Doc. 90 at 3334. The Corps responds that the initial Preliminary Jurisdictional Determination was a working document and was reflected and updated after further information was received by the Corps. Doc. 91 at arguments, 37. An Analyisis Widow Of Ephesus" Essay? The Corps notes that this still is not a final determination as to total wetlands within the area, as only an Approved Jurisdictional Determination is final in nature and appealable, and Drake would have had to request one. Arguments? Doc. 91 at 38; 33 C.F.R. Of Social? § 331.2. Under the APA, this Court is unable to arguments rule on agency actions that are not final in nature. 5 U.S.C. § 704; Franklin v. Massachusetts, 505 U.S.

788, 79697 (1992). Finally, similar to their arguments regarding the Dirty Money, 2006 bridge exemption, Plaintiffs accuse the Corps of failing to take a hard look at opposing arguments, Drake’s project, which would have revealed a plan beyond the NWP 14 requirements, and its failure to do so was arbitrary and capricious. Doc. 90 at 34. Additional concerns were presented to An Analyisis of "The Widow the Corps prior to its determination that the arguments, 2009 gully crossings qualified under NWP, but these concerns did not relate to the placement of the examples stratification, 2009 gully crossing. See Doc. 90 at 34. The concerns identified by Plaintiffs fall within “claims that an agency has failed to take an action” and have already been deemed non-justiciable by this Court in this case. Arguments? Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 124 F. Supp. 3d at on, 963; see also Dubois v. Opposing? Thomas, 820 F.2d 943, 95051 (8th Cir. 1987).

This Court thus finds that the Essay, Corps’ decision regarding the applicability of NWP 14 for Drake’s 2009 gully crossings was supported by the record and opposing arguments, was not arbitrary and capricious. *14 For the of social stratification, reasons explained above, the Court denies Plaintiffs’ request for an injunction against the Corps, remands to the Corps for reconsideration whether the 2009 gully crossings were the type of arguments undertaking that could affect historic properties under 36 C.F.R. § 800.3(a) and to complete the Section 106 process if so necessary, and denies all other requests for relief requested by Plaintiffs. ADOPTION? Judgement will enter accordingly. Slip Copy, 2016 WL 5478428. Throughout the opinion, this project will be referred to opposing arguments as the workplace diversity meaning, “2006 bridge exemption” or “2006 bridge project.” Throughout the opposing arguments, opinion, this project will be referred to as the Spanking Children Essay, “2009 gully crossings.” The Eighth Circuit has implicitly recognized that the NHPA includes a private right of action, but Plaintiffs have not chosen to challenge the Corps’ actions through the NHPA directly. See Ringsred v. City of Duluth, 828 F.2d 1305, 1309 (8th Cir.

1987); Yankton Sioux Tribe v. U.S.Army Corps of Eng’rs, 194 F. Supp. 2d 977, 98990 (D.S.D. 2002). But see Sisseton-WahpetonOyate v. U.S. Dep’t of State, 659 F. Supp. 2d 1071, 107980 (D.S.D. 2009) (disagreeing with Yankton Sioux Tribe, 194 F. Arguments? Supp. 2d at 990 and examples of social, not citing Ringsred, 828 F.2d at opposing arguments, 1309 in holding that there was no private right of action in RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay the NHPA). After the commencement of this lawsuit, the NHPA was reorganized and recodified in Title 54 of the United States Code, from Title 16. Act of Dec. 19, 2014, Pub.

L. No. 113-287, 128 Stat. Opposing? 3094 (recodifying acts relating to the National Park Service into Essay a new title of the opposing, United States Code). This opinion uses citations to the current statutes in RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay Title 54, while mindful to apply the NHPA as it existed at the time of the Corps’ decision making. The definitions section of the NHPA defines “undertaking” in full as. [A] project, activity, or program funded in arguments whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of Essay on Dirty a Federal agency, including (1) those carried out by or on behalf of the Federal agency; (2)those carried out with Federal financial assistance; (3)those requiring a Federal permit, license, or approval; and. (4)those subject to State or local regulation administered pursuant to a delegation or approval by opposing a Federal agency. The original public law enacting the NHPA included these procedures within Section 106. Despite changes and amendments to its statutory location, it continues to be known commonly as the “Section 106 process.” On its website in an informal question and answer section provided to the public, the Advisory Council emphasizes that “[t]he presence of historic properties must be assumed at this stage,” and that [i]f a question arises about an agency improperly using this provision, it should be brought to BAN Essay [the Advisory Council’s] attention under Section 800.9(a).” Section 106 Regulations Section-by-Section Questions and Answers , Advisory Council on arguments, Historic Preservation (Aug.

30, 2013), http://www.achp.gov/106qa.html. The Corps has not alleged that Plaintiffs are barred from these claims because they first must exhaust their administrative remedies. “The NHPA does not require the Tribe to exhaust its administrative remedies prior to seeking judicial review.” Yankton Sioux Tribe, 194 F. Supp. 2d at does sought mean, 992 (exercising judicial discretion to dismiss tribe’s NHPA claim without prejudice for failing to exhaust administrative remedies) (emphasis in original). In their Reply Brief, Plaintiffs cite to dicta in opposing arguments a Fourth Circuit case for the proposition that the Corps was required to issue public notice in this case. Crutchfield v. Cty. of Hanover, 325 F.3d 211, 22021 (4th Cir. 2003). Workplace Diversity Meaning? Crutchfield can be factually distinguished, especially as to the bridge exemption, because it involved a project initiated under the individual permit program of the CWA, and later switched to qualification under a NWP. The Corps subsequently has adopted its own consultation policies in accordance with the opposing arguments, goal of Executive Order 13,175 being to “strengthen the United States government-to-government relationships with Indian tribes.” Exec. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION? Order 13,175, 65 Fed.

Reg. at 67,249. The tumultuous history of arguments relations between tribal nations and the federal government in this country has resulted, in large part, due to unilateral actions on Spanking Children, the part of the federal government. See Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 124 F. Supp. 3d at 968 (noting the United States as “a country whose development and governmental decisionmaking was often at the expense of tribal sovereignty and self-determination of tribal members”). Minimizing unilateral federal government actions when tribal historical places and cultural artifacts may be involved is one concrete way the Corps can aid in the furtherance of a strong government-to-government relationship involving the Tribe. Some of the Corps’ arguments improperly put on the Tribe the burden of initial contact regarding whether there were any reserved rights. Doc. 91 at 3334.

General Condition 16 does not require the Tribe to initiate contact, but states only that “[n]o activity or its operation may impair reserved tribal rights.” Reissuance of opposing arguments Nationwide Permits, 72 Fed. Reg. at 11,192. Does Mean? Plaintiffs’ arguments involving tribal civil jurisdiction under Montana v. United States, 450 U.S. 544 (1981) were not part of their Complaint and are misplaced in arguments this APA case. Challenges to the Corps’ decisions predating the 2006 bridge exemption are time barred under this Court’s prior rulings.

Sisseton-Wahpeton Oyate, 2014 WL 4678052, at *9.

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family case study 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented in a case. 2. Identify the problems and issues that arise in arguments a case. What has gone wrong in this situation? What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation?

3. Identify the positive and diversity meaning strength aspects of the situation. What has gone right so far? What positive elements exist in this situation? 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. What are the factors that are likely related to opposing, this situation? How do these factors have their influence on the situation? 5. Examples Of Social Stratification. Use training materials to develop a list of options and opposing an initial plan of action. What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations? What options are available? What are the likely results of each option?

6. Seek additional information, research knowledge, resources to develop and Spanking select options. What else do we need to find out to opposing, make a viable plan? Where can we go to get this information? What did you find out when you sought this information? 7. Develop a concrete strategy. What can be tried over the next week/month? What should be tried in 6 months? 8. Identify methods for evaluating the outcomes and Children revising the plan. How will you know if the plan is being implemented adequately? How will you know if the plan is working? How will you revise the plan based on different possible outcomes?

TIPS FOR FACILITATING CASE LEARNING. (adapted from McWilliam, 2000) Cases do not have right and wrong answers-they are dilemmas and complex situations. The goal is to opposing arguments, practice the problem-solving approach through exploration. Guide the discussion through the use of open-ended questions Allow the students/trainees to develop the answers to questions (i.e., don't provide them with the answers and be nonjudgmental about what they say to keep them open to Spanking Children Essay, working it through) Encourage students/trainees to discuss with each other, rather than with you (this is most likely if students are working in groups of 4-6 persons each with the facilitator circulating) Use visual aids (flipcharts, overheads, storyboards, etc.) Encourage students/trainees to examine their assumptions Discourage premature closure/solutions Periodically summarize the discussion before moving on. McWilliam, P. J. (2000). Instructors Guide for Lives in Progress: Case Stories in Early Intervention. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes. Case 1. The Olivares Family. Case 12. Catherine.

Case 13. Coordinated Care Systems (Macro) Case 14. Mapledale School System (Prevention) CASE 1. Arguments. THE OLIVARES FAMILY. Joaquín Olivares, a 38-year-old Mexican immigrant, and his 35-year-old wife presented to a family services agency with the complaint of family problems. The Olivares have been married for twelve years and they have two children (a son aged 6 and a daughter aged 8). They have lived in the U.S. for eight years. He worked as a machine worker in a factory for Essay on five years before being recently laid off. He presently works as a day laborer.

Mrs. Olivares works as a housekeeper for a family. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by the Olivares. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise with the Olivares. 2a. Arguments. How would you classify Mr. Olivares' drinking? 3. Examples Stratification. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of the Olivares' situation. 4. Opposing. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Of Ephesus" By Petronius Essay. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for arguments social work intervention with the Olivares. 6. What Sought. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and opposing select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can.

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7a. Does the Olivares' original nationality matter to the case? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Essay Money. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with the Olivares' situation. Casey, a 24-year-old Caucasian woman, is opposing arguments, seeking counseling for anxiety and depression that she attributes to problems in her current relationship. She and her partner have been having an increasing number of arguments recently, typically about Casey's behavior when they go out and about Casey drinking too much. In response to questions about her use of substances, Casey describes herself as a social drinker. Her typical pattern is to consume 3-6 drinks during each of 2-3 drinking occasions per week. She began drinking regularly (1-2 times per week) and heavily (to intoxication) at the age of 13, usually in the company of an older cousin or school friends. Money. She continued this pattern through high school but cut back during her first two years of college due to lack of money to buy alcohol and more difficult access.

During her junior and arguments senior years, Casey came out as a lesbian to her parents and An Analyisis of "The of Ephesus" Essay family. She also resumed drinking heavily. After graduation from college, Casey and her partner of 3 years (Angie, age 24) moved into an apartment together, as both began working full-time. Casey and Angie are out at work and with both families of origin. Casey reports that they both decreased their drinking at opposing arguments this point, due to concerns about An Analyisis of "The of Ephesus", their finances and interest in starting their new careers.

Both partners gradually increased the frequency and quantity of their drinking, as they became involved with a social group of arguments, older (late 30's) lesbians and began routinely going to a gay bar. 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise in Casey's situation. 2a. How would you classify Casey's drinking? 3. Identify the workplace, positive and strengths aspects of Casey's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in opposing the training modules. 5. Use training materials to examples of social stratification, develop a list of opposing arguments, options and an initial plan of action for intervention with Casey. ADOPTION. Who should be included in your work with Casey, and why?

How does Casey's identification as a lesbian affect the intervention plan/process? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Casey. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for opposing how you would address alcohol-related issues with Casey. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect from her, and develop a plan for how to respond to them. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why?

What are the examples, intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on arguments various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for Widow of Ephesus" Essay community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Casey's situation. Marcel is a 21-year-old African-American man, self-referred for inpatient treatment due to drug and alcohol abuse. He is currently unemployed, homeless, and has charges pending due to a number of bounced checks written over the past several months. Marcel reports that both of his parents were drug addicts and he experienced physical, sexual, and emotional abuse throughout childhood at their hands.

His father died of liver disease at the age of 37. Marcel also reports that at opposing arguments the age of 14, he was kicked out of does mean, his family's home because his father suspected that he was gay. Although they live in the same town, he has not had any contact with either parent for 7 years. Marcel describes his relationship with his older sister as fair. Marcel is not presently involved in a steady relationship, but does have a network of friends in the local gay community with whom he has been staying off and on. Opposing. At the time that he left home, Marcel survived by becoming involved in Essay Money sexual relationships with older men, many of whom were also abusive.

He has had numerous sexual partners (both male and female) over the past 7 years, has traded sex for drugs and money, has had sex under the influence of drugs and alcohol, and has been made to have sex against opposing arguments, his will. Marcel identifies himself as bisexual, not gay. Marcel first used alcohol at age 14, when he had his first sexual encounter with a man. He began using other drugs, including inhalants and marijuana by Children age 16 and amphetamines and cocaine by age 19. At 21, four months prior to entering treatment, he began using crack. 1. Arguments. Identify and sort through the does mean, relevant facts presented by Marcel. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and opposing concerns that arise in Marcel's situation.

2a. What are the most immediate and critical assessment needs? 3. Identify the workplace diversity, positive and strengths aspects of Marcel's situation. 4. Opposing. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of of "The of Ephesus" by Petronius Essay, action for intervention with Marcel. Who should be included in your work with Marcel, and why? How does Marcel's sexual orientation affect the intervention plan/ process? What is opposing arguments, your reaction to his being bisexual? How do Marcel's age and ethnicity figure into the picture?

6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to BAN Essay, develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for practice with Marcel. Opposing. Be sure you have a concrete and specific strategy for examples of social stratification how you would address alcohol-related issues. Arguments. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect from him, and BAN Essay develop a plan to respond to them. What kinds of community referrals would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.

9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Marcel's situation. You are part of an ethnographic research team with the goal of helping the U.S. Census Bureau find better ways to count the opposing, population of homeless individuals and families. Over 12 months, the on Dirty, team has been closely following 156 households as they move in and out of various homeless situations (see Glasser, 1991). Arguments. In the course of the project, the team has had over 45 separate recorded contacts with an African American man in his fifties, named Sam. Sam used heroin, cocaine, and alcohol.

He suffered from chronic liver disease and various intestinal ailments. He was evicted from RUSSIAN'S public housing because they didn't like my friends (referring to the drug dealers) and he was persona non grata at the local single room occupancy (SRO) hotel. When the team first met Sam he was sleeping at friends' apartments and in the hotel lobby. A frequent fear of Sam's is that he would fall asleep and be robbed. The research team became advocates in Sam's quest for housing. At the suggestion of a team member, Sam spent several weeks in opposing arguments a local shelter, but the nuns asked him to leave when he wanted to keep his bed, but spent nights outside of the shelter. The team helped him to get a security deposit that was needed for an apartment. One of the team members went to look at Essay rooms with Sam, and after a full ten months, they found a landlord who would accept him. One of the team members, a fourth year medical student, often called the local hospital to find out the opposing, results of meaning, laboratory tests for Sam. The team also paid for Sam's birth certificate, which he had lost a long time before, but needed for access to some forms of housing. 1. Identify and opposing arguments sort through the relevant facts presented by Sam's situation.

2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sam's situation. 2a. How would you classify Sam's homelessness? 2b. Does Sought. What are the most pressing issues that Sam should be encouraged to assess? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Sam's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in arguments the training modules.

5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for examples social work intervention with Sam, given your current role. 6. Opposing. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, or resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Sam. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address issues with Sam. Consider the reactions you might expect from Sam, and develop a plan for how to respond. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why?

What are the intervention goals? 8. Identify methods for Spanking Essay evaluating outcomes of your plan and arguments next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on diversity meaning various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for opposing community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Sam's situation. COZY is Essay on Dirty Money, a shelter that houses 19 men and women in a modest house, located in a semi-industrialized part of a small town (see Glasser Zywiak, 2001). The building was last used as a pizza parlor, and people still come in asking for opposing arguments pizza.

The shelter also houses a community soup kitchen and seven additional Transitional Program beds for examples people who stay for up to two years. Opposing Arguments. The people who stay at COZY feel as if they have finally arrived in a place of safety. They feel secure and can sleep safely at night. Diversity. As a result, they also feel that they can finally begin to opposing arguments, address some of their problems. Steven came to COZY two weeks ago, after being asked to what mean, leave his aunt's home. He is a rather sad-faced man who looks considerably older than his 50 years. Steven says that he has been drinking heavily throughout all of his life, and that he also used drugs a lot in Vietnam. He has a son living nearby whom, he is sorry to say, also appears to be a heavy drinker. Steven is very proud of his daughter (she is a teacher), and wishes that he could see his grandchildren more often. Steven is very grateful to the staff at opposing arguments COZY because in the two weeks that he has been with them, they took him to get a cataract operation and he could immediately see again.

They are also helping him sort out his legal problems, since he did not show up for meaning some court hearings. Steven feels that he could stay sober if he could stay in opposing arguments a place like this. He is applying for An Analyisis of "The Widow of Ephesus" Essay their transitional program. 1. Opposing Arguments. Identify and sort through the Spanking, relevant facts presented by Steven's situation. 2. Opposing Arguments. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Steven's situation. 2a.

How would you classify Steven's homelessness? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Steven's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of Essay Dirty, knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of opposing, action for social work intervention with Steven. 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and Children select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Steven.

Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Steven. Consider what kinds of reactions you might expect, and develop a plan for how to respond to them. What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? What are the intervention goals? 8. Arguments. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Steven's situation. Last week, Alexia entered the inpatient treatment program where you are a social worker. Workplace Diversity Meaning. She is being treated for alcohol and cocaine (crack) dependence. Alexia is a 32-year-old, divorced woman who is employed as an administrative assistant at a local human services program.

She lives with her 11-year-old daughter, Christine, in an apartment located near her job. Arguments. Although she makes a relatively low salary, Alexia has managed to support herself and of "The Widow of Ephesus" her daughter without financial support from Christine's father. Alexia was married briefly to Christine's father when she was 20, but she left him after he became physically and sexually abusive toward her. He also was an alcoholic. Arguments. She had almost no contact with him for many years.

Her mother, a widow, is ADOPTION, a strong support for Alexia and Christine, as are two cousins, Denise and Moira. Alexia reports growing up in a normal middle class family and opposing states that her childhood was good despite her father's occasional drinking binges, which she says were related to him celebrating a special account he had landed (he was in advertising), and her mother's occasional bad depressions. She is the examples stratification, youngest of five children and the only girl. Up until a month ago, Alexia was regularly attending twice-weekly treatment sessions at an outpatient chemical dependency clinic, and she went to opposing, AA/NA regularly 3 times a week. What Mean. She had a sponsor and they kept in touch several times a week-more, if needed. Arguments. From the beginning of recovery, Alexia has experienced some mild depression. She describes having little pleasure in Spanking Children life and feeling tired and dragging all of the time. Alexia reports that her difficulty in standing up for herself with her boss at work is a constant stressor.

She persisted with treatment and AA/NA, but has seen no major improvement in how she feels. After Alexia had been sober for about 3 months, an older boy sexually assaulted Christine after school. Alexia supported Christine through the prosecution process; the case was tried in juvenile court and the boy returned to school 2 months later. After Alexia celebrated her 6-month sobriety anniversary, she reports that she started having a harder time getting herself up each day. Arguments. Around this same time, she returned to drinking daily. She says that she then started experiencing bouts of feeling worthless, sad, guilty, hopeless, and very anxious. What Does Sought. Her sleep problems increased, she began having nightmares, and opposing she lost her appetite.

After a month of this, she started attending AA/NA and treatment less often, instead staying home and watching TV. She started her crack use again one night after her boss got very upset with her not finishing something on time. She went to a local bar after work that day and hooked up with a guy she met there to get crack. Dirty Money. In accompanying him to opposing arguments, a local dealer's house to get some crack, she was raped by stratification several men. Arguments. Alexia did not return home that night (Christine was at a friend's sleepover party) and did not show up for work the next day. She does not recall where she was the rest of that night.

However, later that day she admitted herself to your treatment program. Alexia reports that she began drinking regularly (several times a week) around the age of 13. She recalls having felt depressed around the Spanking Essay, same time that she began drinking heavily, although she states she has very few clear memories of that time in her life. Alexia's drinking became progressively worse over the years, although she did not begin to see it as a problem. until after she began using crack, at opposing around age 28. She reports feeling depressed over much of her adult life, however her depression got much worse after she began using crack daily.

Alexia reports having had a lot of gynecological problems during her 20s, resulting in a hysterectomy at RUSSIAN'S age 27. When asked if she was ever physically or sexually abused as a child, she says no; however, she confesses (with some difficulty) that when she was 11, she had an affair with her 35-year-old uncle (father's brother-in-law). Now, one week into treatment, Alexia reports feeling numb and arguments tense. She talks only in women's treatment groups and, then, only when specifically asked a question. She feels hopeless about her ability to put her life together and says that she only sees herself failing again to achieve sobriety. Of her recent rape, she says that she only got what she deserved for being in what the wrong place with the wrong people at the wrong time. Alexia reflects that she was unable to adequately protect her daughter from sexual assault, and she speculates that maybe she is an arguments unfit mother and should give up custody of her daughter.

While Christine is currently staying with Alexia's mother, Alexia is concerned that her ex-husband will try to get custody of Christine if he hears that she is in the hospital for alcohol and drug treatment. Workplace. He has been in recovery himself for two years and opposing arguments began demanding to see Christine again about An Analyisis Widow of Ephesus", 2 months ago. 1. Identify and sort through the opposing arguments, relevant facts presented by Alexia. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and workplace meaning concerns that arise with Alexia's situation. 2a. What are the most pressing issues that Alexia should be encouraged to assess and address? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Alexia's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in opposing the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of Spanking Children, options and opposing an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Alexia. Who should be involved in the intervention for Spanking Children Alexia? Who should also be referred for opposing intervention?

6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Alexia. Of Social. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues. What are the intervention goals? Following inpatient treatment, what kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why?

8. Identify methods for opposing evaluating outcomes of your plan and examples stratification next steps/revisions of the arguments, plan, depending on Spanking Children various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Alexia's situation. Jaclyn is 23 years old and is four months pregnant. She is visiting a comprehensive wrap around services health clinic for prenatal care for the first time. The medical team advises prenatal nutritional counseling and vitamins, and opposing arguments assesses her pregnancy as progressing normally at this stage.

However, she has been referred to you because in examples the health assessment she responded that she has always consumed one or two drinks, almost every day, when she comes home from work to unwind from the stress of her job. There are also social events on weeknights and opposing arguments weekends with family and friends that typically involve light to moderate drinking. 1. Identify and RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay sort through the arguments, relevant facts presented by Jaclyn's situation. Workplace Meaning. What tools, approaches, or interviewing strategies would you use with a pregnant woman to assess her drinking and its impact? What other issues should be assessed, as well? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Jaclyn's situation. 2a. Arguments. What information should you be certain is shared with Jaclyn? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Jaclyn's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in Essay terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and opposing arguments an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Jaclyn.

Who should be involved in of "The Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius the intervention for Jaclyn? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and opposing arguments select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Jaclyn. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Jaclyn. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of referrals in of social stratification your practice community would you make and why? 7a. Opposing. What alternatives to drinking during pregnancy can you explore with Jaclyn? 8. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.

9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and opposing advocacy that are associated with Jaclyn's situation. Robert is ADOPTION, a 32-year-old businessman who was involved in a car accident on opposing arguments his way home after having a couple of drinks at the local bar. He was referred for evaluation and treatment because at the time of the accident, his blood alcohol test showed .09, which was above the legal limit. Does Mean. He is overweight and tends to have high blood pressure. He grew up in the neighborhood where he and his wife now live. They have two children, ages 6 and 4 years. Robert has several childhood friends who come to the bar, almost every day during the week, to have drinks and socialize. His father is also a frequent visitor to the bar, and has been for the past 40 years. Robert's father drinks 4 to 5 drinks when he is at the bar, but he does not seem to opposing, have any significant problems related to Money, drinking, except for his hypertension.

Robert drinks 3 to 5 beers at the bar, but he does not feel that he has any drinking problems because he does not drink at opposing arguments home except for wine with his evening meal. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Robert's situation. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why?

2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Robert's situation. 2a. Essay On Money. What information should you be certain is shared with Robert? Why? 2b. What is your advice to Robert concerning his drinking? Why? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Robert's situation. 4. Arguments. Analyze the issues in Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius terms of knowledge presented in arguments the training modules. 5. Use training materials to of social, develop a list of options and opposing an initial plan of of Ephesus" by Petronius Essay, action for opposing social work intervention with Robert.

Who should be involved in the intervention for Robert? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for of social stratification social work practice with Robert. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with Robert. What are the intervention goals?

What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and why? 7a. What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Robert? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Robert's situation. Ms. Cook is a 28-year-old African American woman who voluntarily approached your primary provider agencies for substance abuse treatment services. Opposing. She is currently on probation for shoplifting, passing bad checks, vandalism, and parole/probation violations. She has been charged four times with disorderly conduct, once for fishing without a license, and does sought mean twice for driving without a license (she never applied for opposing arguments one). Of "The Of Ephesus" Essay. She is arguments, currently awaiting trial for battery.

Ms. Cook has been incarcerated twice during her adulthood (once for 10 months and, most recently, for diversity meaning 10 days). The results of an AUDIT-13 screening suggested that she was binge drinking weekly during the past year. The screening also determined that, because of drinking/drug use, she had injured herself (2 falls requiring medical care) and arguments someone else (killed the Essay, cat by accidental poisoning), and that others had recommended that she seek help. Opposing Arguments. Screening for co-occurring problems using the MPSI-A indicated potential depression and other psychological distress.

An assessment using the ASI-F was conducted that same day and revealed that Ms. Cook was currently living with her grandmother, who had raised her. She is the mother of An Analyisis of "The Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius Essay, four children (ages 11, 7, 4, 2 years-she was 17 at the birth of her first child). Opposing Arguments. The older two sons are living in foster care. The younger two daughters have complex health problems and developmental delays; they live with another relative. She is no longer in contact with any of the RUSSIAN'S, children's fathers (three men), and was only briefly married to the second man. She reported that both of her parents, several uncles and aunts, and both of her siblings all have significant drinking and/or drug use problems. She has no close friends and a distant, conflicted relationship with family members other than the grandmother with whom she has almost always lived.

She has great difficulty in getting along with people. She was physically abused as a child, which prompted her move to the grandmother's home. Ms. Cook completed all but one year of high school, and received specialized training as a welder, but her most recent job was as a parking attendant. Her longest period of continuous employment was just over one year, and she has worked irregularly throughout her adult life. She describes her present health as good and she has a history of depression, anxiety, hallucinations, cognitive and memory deficits, and violent behavior. She has never received psychiatric care. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Ms.

Cook's situation. 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Ms. Cook's situation. 2a. What are the opposing, most pressing issues that Ms. Cook should be encouraged to address? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Ms. Cook's situation. 4. Analyze the by Petronius Essay, issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Ms. Cook.

6. Arguments. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to Essay Money, develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Arguments. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Ms. Cook. Be sure that you have a concrete and workplace diversity meaning specific strategy for how you would address issues with Ms. Cook. What are the intervention goals? How should the service plan be developed and implemented? 7a. What are the various service components with which Ms.

Cook is/should be involved and that must be coordinated? How will they be coordinated? What is the proper forum for interaction amongst these service providers? Who should be involved? 7b. What services are needed but not being received?

How will they be obtained? 7c. What are the opposing, appropriate roles of each service component? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. Who should be responsible for monitoring the service plan?

9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Ms. Cook's situation. 10. Examples Stratification. How would the situation be different if Ms. Cook entered the substance abuse treatment system via the child welfare or criminal justice systems? Dave is opposing arguments, a 38-year-old small-parts factory worker who came into the treatment center after being arrested for drinking and driving (DUI/DWI).

His attorney has suggested that he quit drinking and enter treatment, at least until his trial which is workplace meaning, scheduled in two months. Dave does not anticipate serving jail time, but he believes that treatment could strengthen his legal case. After his first arrest for DUI two years ago, he simply paid a fine and attended a special driver's education program for six weeks. Dave found the program to be a waste of time. Dave's work history is very good; he misses less than one day per year. He works the day shift on weekdays, putting in opposing time-and-a-half overtime on of social most Saturdays. Opposing. He is well regarded by his supervisors and sought mean peers at work. He is fearful that his employer will find out about his treatment (it is being covered by his HMO), and that people at work will learn about the second DUI arrest.

1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Dave's situation. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Dave's situation. 2a. What information should you be certain is opposing, shared with Dave?

Why? 2b. What is your advice to Dave concerning his drinking? Why? 2c. Diversity Meaning. How would you assess motivational issues prior to and during the opposing, course of of social stratification, intervention with Dave?

3. Identify the arguments, positive and strengths aspects of Dave's situation. 4. Analyze the meaning, issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Opposing Arguments. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Dave. What are reasonable outcomes to be expected with Dave? Who should be involved in the intervention for what Dave? Why? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Dave. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues. Opposing Arguments. What are the intervention goals?

What kinds of referrals in your practice community would you make and of social stratification why? 7a. What measures and arguments procedures would you employ to formulate and negotiate goals with Dave? 7b. How would you apply motivational, cognitive behavioral, and examples relationship therapy approaches with Dave? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes.

9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Dave's situation. 10. What elements would be different in arguments this case if Dave were, instead: (a) a woman, (b) a white collar professional, (c) elderly, (d) single, (e) divorced, (f) a member of an historically stereotyped, oppressed ethnic group? Sal Franco is a 74-year old man, living alone in an apartment complex for older adults. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay. You are the Senior Services social worker associated with the housing units. Sal and his wife, Maria, owned and operated a small, local grocery for 44 years (they emigrated from Italy when they were newlyweds at age 19).

They sold the business to their son Dominic when Sal turned 70. The plan was to enjoy travel and retired life together. However, shortly after retiring, Maria was diagnosed with an aggressive leukemia, and she died within 4 months. Mr. Franco has been living alone for over 3 years. Because Sal and Maria spent most of their time working and opposing involved with family activities, there are few close friends in his life. Dominic's family has Sal to dinner every Sunday, but has little time during the week because of competing demands.

Sal's other children include a daughter living in another state who calls daily (but seldom visits because of the cost), a daughter oversees in military service, and a son with Down's Syndrome who lives in a group home about an hour away. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Sal Franco's situation. What tools would you use to assess his drinking and its impact? What do you assess his drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, and concerns that arise with Sal's situation.

2a. Spanking. What information should you be certain is shared with Sal? Why? 2b. What is your advice to opposing, Sal concerning his drinking? Why? 2c. What other assessments need to be conducted? Why? 3. Identify the positive and strengths aspects of Sal's situation.

4. Analyze the Spanking, issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules. 5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Sal. Who should be involved in opposing the intervention for Sal? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Workplace. Develop a strategy for social work practice with Mr. Franco. Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for arguments how you would address alcohol issues with him. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of referrals in Children your practice community would you make and why? What additional activities would you help him initiate? 7a.

What alternatives to drinking can you explore with Sal? 7b. Arguments. What other services or programs should be engaged for Sal? How? 7c.

How should Sal's physical health, mental health, and social services be coordinated? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the of social stratification, plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Arguments. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Mr. Franco's situation. CASE 12. Spanking Children. CATHERINE. Catherine Jackson is a 67-year-old woman, living alone in a mixed housing project. Arguments. For the past month, she has received visiting nurse services from Dirty your agency.

These services were assigned to her upon discharge from the hospital with a diagnosis of anemia and uncontrolled adult-onset diabetes. Opposing Arguments. The nursing care will terminate at the end of the week, as Catherine's foot sores are beginning to heal. During two separate visits, the nurse reports that she smelled alcohol, but Ms. Jackson did not appear to be intoxicated. When the nurse asked about her drinking, Catherine responded, Oh, I don't drink very much, really.

I just seem so tired all the time and RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay a little medicinal drink now and then makes me feel better. 1. Identify and sort through the relevant facts presented by Catherine's situation. What tools or interviewing strategies would you use to assess her drinking and its impact? What do you assess her drinking risk to be? Why? 2. Identify the problems, issues, concerns that arise with Catherine Jackson's situation.

2a. What other assessments need to be conducted? 2b. What is your advice to Catherine concerning her drinking? Why? 3. Identify the opposing, positive and strengths aspects of Catherine's situation. 4. Analyze the issues in terms of knowledge presented in the training modules.

5. Use training materials to develop a list of options and an initial plan of action for social work intervention with Ms. Jackson. Who should be involved in the intervention for her? 6. Identify any additional information, research knowledge, and meaning resources that are needed to develop and select options; identify ways to gather what you need; gather what you can. 7. Develop a strategy for practice with Catherine Jackson.

Be sure that you have a concrete and specific strategy for how you would address alcohol issues with her. What are the intervention goals? What kinds of arguments, community referrals would you make and why? 7a. Workplace Diversity Meaning. How would you ensure that Catherine's care and multiple services are appropriately coordinated? Who should be in charge of coordination? 8. Identify methods for evaluating outcomes of your plan and next steps/revisions of the plan, depending on various possible outcomes. 9. Discuss implications for community intervention, prevention planning, social policy reform, and advocacy that are associated with Catherine's situation. CASE 13: COORDINATED CARE SERVICES (MACRO) Your State Chapter of NASW is opposing, hosting a one-day round table session to which members of examples of social stratification, substance abuse treatment and advocacy agencies are invited, and you are the chairperson. The goal is to respond to a grant request that will support the development of a coordinated service system for abused women, needing shelter, who have alcohol use problems.

The first set of tasks includes: Identify the necessary participants (service providers) of the coordinated system; Determine who will be responsible for the prescreening, screening, assessment, treatment, and evaluation responsibilities; Determine who will make referrals, to whom they will make them, and under what circumstances; Identify the community service partners that will serve as additional resources, act as supportive adjuncts, and opposing will also serve as entry points by conducting the appropriate prescreening assessments for clients that come to them (e.g., child welfare, corrections, health care, employment services); Identify natural helping systems that should be connected to the system; Identify which service provider(s) will be responsible for service coordination. Later tasks will emerge, including developing time lines, budgets, policies, and procedures. The ultimate goal for each client in Dirty Money the system is to opposing, be able to follow through on the guidelines offered by Thompson (1993): 1. List all services that the client receives from each agency involved; 2. Identify key agencies and examples services needed but not represented;

3. Establish a contact person within each agency; 4. Agree on a structure for the case planning group; 5. Opposing Arguments. Define the roles and responsibilities of Essay Dirty Money, each agency; 6. Monitor the implementation of the care plan; 7. Periodically evaluate the relevance and effectiveness of the arguments, plan. CASE 14. MAPLEDALE SCHOOL SYSTEM (PREVENTION) You have been asked to consult with a group from the Mapledale School system, comprised of business people, police, social workers, teachers, parents, administrators, and student representatives (Middle School, High School, and Community College).

The group is interested in selecting and implementing an alcohol abuse prevention program for their community. Stratification. They want you to advise them on how to go about selecting the best program(s) to arguments, invest in-they are not interested in having you pick their programs, only in examples advising them as to arguments, what to workplace diversity, look for. Robbie J., a 19-year-old white male and first-year college student, suffered a significant brain injury 6 months ago as a result of arguments, a car accident. Robbie had been partying at a friend's house and sought left about 1:00 a. m. Driving home, he missed a curve in the road and rolled his car. Robbie's parents knew that their son drank occasionally, but they never thought he had a problem.

They had purchased a car for opposing arguments him and warned him of the dangers of Spanking Children, drinking and opposing arguments driving. Prior to the accident, Robbie had been a gregarious young man. In high school he had been a good student, popular, and Essay played on the football team. Opposing. Robbie loved skiing, skin diving, and riding dirt bikes. Robbie's rehabilitation has been arduous. His parents are still in disbelief. Robbie's father is Widow of Ephesus" by Petronius, a prominent corporate attorney, and Robbie had always expressed a desire to follow the same career path.

Robbie's mother divided her time between caring for her husband and son and her volunteer work on behalf of opposing arguments, abused and of social stratification neglected children in the community. Opposing. Since his injury, Robbie's mother has spent most of her time caring for of Ephesus" Essay him and participating in his rehabilitation. His father is spending longer hours at work and misses the time he spent hunting, fishing, and playing golf with his son. Though supportive at first, his friends are calling less and less and rarely come around. Both parents were stunned to learn that Robbie and some of his friends got drunk nearly every weekend. This information surfaced during a family counseling session conducted by a social worker on opposing the rehabilitation team who had recently attended a seminar on An Analyisis of "The of Ephesus" by Petronius screening and brief intervention for arguments alcohol and other drug problems.

Robbie's parents had a hard time believing it was true, but after questioning Robbie's friends, they learned that this was indeed the situation. The brain damage Robert sustained has affected his impulse control and decreased his short-term memory and ability to of "The by Petronius Essay, concentrate. Robbie's emotional affect is labile. At times he laughs out loud; the next moment he may be crying. He has limited insight into his own behavior and how he has changed, so it is difficult for him to arguments, understand why his friends and family react to him differently now. Very few things sustain Robbie's attention; even watching TV is not pleasurable. The muscle weakness on his right side limits his ability to participate in many of the athletic activities he enjoyed previously. Robbie is on an emotional roller coaster. BAN Essay. At one level he knows that his plans for arguments the future have to change.

At another level, he cannot accept these limitations. He wants things to be the workplace, way they were. His condition makes it impossible for him to arguments, return to a successful college experience. He resents his parents' constant supervision, and feels that they are treating him like a baby. He says no girl will want to date him with this kind of interference. Diversity Meaning. Most of his friends are back at college, so he has begun to hang out with a younger group and drink again. Robbie is frustrated with the difficulty he has in remembering, expressing himself, and concentrating. He is opposing, restless and workplace meaning agitated sometimes, both as a result of his frustration and opposing arguments the organic aspect of his injuries. Robbie's parents can afford high quality treatment, but Robbie does not always comply with the treatment regimen. What are the what, relevant facts in Robbie's case (e.g., What is actually happening here)? Identify the problems and issues that are arising in Robbie's case (e.g., What has gone wrong in this situation? and opposing arguments What needs to be addressed in order to improve the situation?) Identify the positive and of "The of Ephesus" strengths aspects of the situation (e.g., What has gone right so far? and What positive elements exist in this situation?) Analyze the issues in arguments terms of knowledge presented in the training modules (e.g., What are the factors, such as development stages, that are likely related to the situation? and, How do these factors influence the situation?) Use training materials to diversity, develop a list of options and an initial plan of action (e.g., What has been shown to work in these kinds of situations where substance abuse and a traumatic brain injury are involved? and What options are available? and opposing What are the likely results of each option?) Seek additional information, research knowledge, and resources needed to develop and select options (e.g., What else do we need to find out to make a viable plan for Robbie and his parents? and Where can we go to workplace, get this information? and What did you find out when out when you sought this information?

Are integrated programs for addressing alcohol abuse and TBI available in opposing arguments the community?) Develop a concrete strategy for Robbie and his parents (e.g., What can be tried over of Ephesus" Essay, the next weeks/months? How can you help the parents come to terms with the situation? How can you help Robbie address his drinking and arguments make realistic plans for the future?) Identify methods for of social evaluating the outcomes and revising the opposing arguments, plan (e.g., How will you know whether or not the plan is being implemented adequately? and How will you know if the plan is working? and How will you revise the plan based on different possible outcomes?) *Instructors may wish to revise this case in stratification terms of the client's gender, age, ethnicity, family socioeconomic status and access to treatment resources, functional area(s) of the brain affected and opposing arguments severity of the brain injury (for information, see the workplace, website of the Brain Injury Association of opposing arguments, America: http://www.biausa.org/), or other factors. When using the case in the classroom, students may be divided into groups. Each group can be given a different set of client characteristics. When presenting their responses to the class, students can note whether or how the approaches taken would differ depending on the client's characteristics and circumstances.

Updated: March 2005. NIAAA: Understanding the impact of alcohol on human health and well-being.

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Customer Relationship Management (CRM) Essay. At first, I disagree with this statement. Opposing Arguments! I think Customer Relationship Management (CRM) is Spanking, universally appropriate or applicable to all businesses. Customer relationship management refers to a series of processes, focused on initiating two-way communication exchanges with customers to have a detailed knowledge of their specific needs and buying patterns. The major benefit of a CRM system is that it helps business organizations in determining the type of arguments customer best suited for the growth of what sought their business.

CRM enables business organizations to formulate strategies focusing on arguments, customer-driven growth and in providing superior and friendly customer experience There are four advantages of RUSSIAN'S CRM that businesses should implement this strategy. By implementing CRM strategies, the company can focus on improving customer satisfaction through examination of customer preferences, demographics and interests. This information may be collected through automated surveys or personal phone calls from customer service representatives. Customer research may be performed to discover the arguments, reasons why one product is more popular than another. Customers typically enjoy the attention they receive and the interest in their happiness and what does sought mean, satisfaction with the arguments, product, and Essay Dirty, the data that is collected can help the company produce better products and services in the future, contributing to improved customer satisfaction. Opposing Arguments! This also improves customer retention over the long run. The data that is collected through customer research can provide ideas for marketing and advertising for a big business. With many products or services to market, a large company may have difficulty targeting different customers for each item. However, customer research will provide information about does mean what the customer likes about the product, what they are looking for in future products, and what purpose they would like the product to serve. All of opposing arguments this information provides great content for print or commercial advertisements and Dirty Money, packaging designs for each product.

By automating customer service with CRM software, the company can easily gain customer research through online or telephone surveys. The software automatically formats and calculates the data, making it faster and easier to opposing collect this information. Fewer customer service representatives will be needed for collecting this information and less time will be spent preparing reports on customer research. Another advantage is word-of-mouth advertising from satisfied customers; as CRM strategies make customers happier, they become more likely to bring in new customers through word-of-mouth, which lowers the cost of finding a new customer. As customer satisfaction and sought mean, retention improves, the corporations brand image may begin to improve as well. Customers will begin to associate the brand with good customer service, quality products and a personable approach. The CRM strategys focus on the customer will let each buyer know that their input is valued by opposing arguments the company. This can attract more customers and Essay Money, continue to create loyal customers to arguments the brand. There is an example about effective implement of CRM.

ICICI Bank has to manage more than 13 million customers. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay! The bank has over 550 branches, a network of 2025 ATMs, multiple call centres, Internet banking and mobile banking. Opposing! Its customers often use multiple channels, and they are increasingly turning to electronic banking options. RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay! Business from the Internet. ATMs and other electronic channels now comprise more than 50 per cent of opposing all transactions. In the process of making its business grow to this level, ICICI Bank has distinguished itself from Children Essay, other banks through its relationship with customers. The Teradata solution focuses on opposing arguments, a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) platform. Information from RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION, various legacy and transaction systems is fed into a single enterprise called wide data warehouse.

This allows the bank to generate a single view of its customers. The warehouse has the capability to integrate data from multiple sources comprising Oracle and opposing arguments, flat files. Of "The Of Ephesus" By Petronius Essay! The Behaviour Explorer enables profiling of customers and querying on various parameters. These enable the bank staff create suitable campaigns for targeting individual customers on the basis of their requirements. To sum up, CRM is one of the best ways of determining the marketing strategies and other services offered to opposing the customer. A well planned CRM can help organizations predict the current trend in the market and provide better services for customers befitting the trend, in does turn increasing the business returns. The three major aspects of CRM are an operational system, a collaborative CRM and an analytical CRM. Arguments! The customer relationship management concepts adopted by each company differ with their organizational objectives. There are 3 challenges of implementing CRM. One of the biggest challenges facing companies trying to implement CRM is the cost associated with purchasing, installing and training employees to use new software, according to what does sought CRMInfoline.com.

CRM often doesnt deliver the return of investment that companies hope for, though this is opposing arguments, typically the examples stratification, cause of opposing a poorly implemented system or poorly trained staff. While a properly implemented system should, eventually, show a good return on investment, CRMInfoline.com claims these results could take years to see in full effect as the new system takes root and BAN Essay, customer awareness and participation grow. In order for opposing, a business to examples of social stratification use a CRM solution properly, nearly the entire business will have to change. Most companies operate on an us first, customers second mentality, whereas CRM-centric businesses focus on placing customers and their satisfaction before the company. Furthermore, CRM systems are typically very complex and span multiple departments, meaning most employees will have to go through some sort of training that will inhibit them, at least somewhat, from performing their normal work duties.

* In-House Versus Supported System. Supported systems are CRM solutions that are taken care of or outsourced to another company. While in-house CRM software can be more effective, its much more difficult to implement. Arguments! Companies without any current CRM implementation should consider supported systems more than companies with at least some current level of CRM, according to TMCNet.com. Supported systems typically cost less to implement because theyre not as in-depth or effective as in-house solutions. Jollibee is a phenomenal success story, having grown from two ice cream parlours in Children 1975 to over 1,800 restaurants worldwide today, including the strategic acquisitions of high profile brands like Greenwich Pizza, Deli France, Red Ribbon and Chow King. The company now operates 300 international outlets in arguments markets in An Analyisis of "The Widow Essay the United States, across Asia and throughout the Middle East.

The big business like Jollibee must implement complete and effective CRM strategy. * Form a cross-organizational team. Opposing! A cross-organizational, or cross-functional team, is made up of leaders from each core department in Jollibee. Representatives usually include at least one member from sales, service, marketing, support, management, IT, finance, and any other functional area in Jollibee. * Jollibee should decide what project goals to begin with (customer acquisition, sales growth, service improvement, or something else). Once goals are laid out, phases for installation of CRM can begin. This includes technology and software implementation led by IT, communication of new roles and responsibilities in Spanking Children each department, and implementation of training and opposing, rewards programs. * Provide training. What Does Sought Mean! Employees in many functional areas, including, service and support, are likely going to be using new technology devices or software solutions for customer accounts, data collection, customer service, data analysis and opposing arguments, other CRM functions. This often requires training on philosophy behind the new system and CRM role as well as technical training on the technology applications. * Measure results. CRM fails without constant measurement.

By definition, CRM programs are ongoing and design to improve over time. Feedback and data collected during CRM projects and phases should be analysed, evaluated, and reacted to by the what sought mean, cross-organizational leadership team. Decisions on how to improve the customer experience, behaviours of employees, and any other important components of CRM help guide the next project phases or phases. With CRM systems, Jollibee can streamline their business processes effectively and in accordance with customer needs. Customer Relationship Management software is employed by Jollibee to manage and organize their customer database and contacts. Proper customer relationship management solutions are necessary for any business firm to opposing empower their staff, to expand their business and to provide quality customer care services. There are 5 possible negative impacts caused by heavy-use of Essay sales promotions. 1. Increased price sensitivity. Consumers wait for the promotion deals to be announced and then purchase the product. This is true even for opposing, brands where brand loyalty exists.

Customers wait and workplace diversity, time their purchases to coincide with promotional offers on their preferred brands. Thus, the opposing, routine sales at An Analyisis Widow by Petronius Essay the market price are lost and the profit margin is reduced because of the discounts to be offered during sale-season. 2. Quality image may become tarnished. If the promotions in a product category have been rare, the promotions could have a negative effect about its quality image. Opposing Arguments! Consumers may start suspecting that perhaps the product has not been selling well, the quality of the product is true compared to the price or the product is likely to be discontinued because it has become outdated. The Smyle Powder offer of Buy 1 and get 2 free went on and on. Ultimately people stopped asking for of "The by Petronius, the product as the on-going sales promotion strategy made the arguments, customers perceive it to be a cheap and an inferior product. 3. Merchandising support from dealers is doubtful. In many cases, the does mean, dealers do not cooperate in providing the merchandising support nor do they pass on any benefit to consumers. The retailer might not be willing to give support because he does not have the place, or the product does not sell much in his shop, or maybe he thinks the effort required is more than the commission/benefit derived. 4. Short-term orientation.

Sales promotions are generally for a short duration. This gives a boost to sales for a short period. This short-term orientation may sometimes have negative effects on arguments, long-term future of the organization. Promotions mostly build short-term sales volume, which is difficult to maintain. Heavy use of sales promotion, in Essay Dirty certain product categories, may be responsible for causing brand quality image dilution. 5. Arguments! Harmful Effect of Band image. If a brand is perceived by consumers as being a value rather than premium brand, it is more likely to examples stratification receive the arguments, most benefit from a price-based sales promotion.

However, overuse of what sought mean price-based sales promotions for any brand can have devastating effects on arguments, the brands image. This is particularly true for premium and super-premium brands or products and services in which the consumer has difficulty judging product quality in other ways, such as legal services or vitamins. On Dirty Money! The objective behind sales promotional tools is to keep current customers while attracting new ones, maintaining sales of seasonal products, introducing new products and challenging competitors. The essence of sales promotion involves using all forms of promotional activities, besides personal selling and advertising, to opposing improve sales. In order to gain a strong foothold in the Malaysian market, Jollibee need effective sales promotional tools to fight its competitor. Coupons are one sales promotional tool. Customers get coupons in several ways, including via newspapers, magazines, online or mail. Customers present coupons to the retailer while buying merchandise in BAN Essay order to receive a discount or free product. Opposing! For example, a customer of Jollibee use a coupon which takes 50 per cent off a set of meal costing $10, he saves $5. Bonus offers or gifts with purchase are widely used promotional tools.

When customers purchase a product, sometimes a bonus product is given along with it. The purpose is to increase the sale of the product and to make it more attractive by offering an additional item. When customers spent up to $20, he will get a free ice cream. Another popular promotional tool is the free sample. When a customer is in the store purchasing certain products, he may receive a free sample of of "The Widow Essay deodorant, shampoo, energy drinks food or candy. Usually, free samples dont require the customer to purchase anything. Free samples can be given to a particular target audience in order to attract that type of customer. Jollibee can put new product as free samples to opposing arguments get feedback. Premiums are extras added to sweeten a purchase for a customer. For example, a software company might add a year of free technical support for a customer who buys an Children expensive software program. Jollibee can offer special toys in their children meals.

Offering premiums gives a business owner the opportunity to opposing arguments partner with complementary businesses, creating a wider target audience. This premium creates a win-win situation for Essay Dirty, everyone involved. It provides a demonstration to potential customers uses referrals to introduce the opposing, companies to potential customers and provides a free, useful gift to existing customers. Scratch-and-win cards or raffles for prizes are other popular promotional tools. The key is this mystery reward has enough attraction to attract customers. Popular food and unique gift will be work. Money Back Offers. When customers doubt the Children Essay, quality or reliability of arguments Jollibee, offer a money-back guarantee.

Give a detailed explanation of Essay eligible returns and refunds available for customer reference. Point of Purchase Displays. Point of purchase displays is used in Jollibee to catch the attention of customers. The selected products may be sale items but may also be seasonal or high-demand merchandise. The displays are built in a prominent location such as on an aisle end or at the front of the store near the entrance. Jollibee may also place signs at the products normal shelf locations. A sale is a reduction in opposing the price of a product for a specified period of time. Sales are used by manufacturers to gain new users or to increase market share. They also generate traffic in a retail establishment. Sales can result in off-season purchases that normally would not occur, such as Jollibee offer special food at 50 per cent off in Malaysia festivals. Besides, some points about sales promotion are important.

A sales promotion constructed to An Analyisis Widow of Ephesus" inform customers about arguments a new product might include an advertisement in a local paper explaining the product and inviting customers to visit a Web site for a coupon offer. An activity like this can be measured by tracking the number of people who receive the of "The Widow by Petronius, paper, the number of opposing people who visit the Web site, the number of people who download the coupon and workplace meaning, the number of people who actually use the coupon. Arguments! Reminding customers about of social stratification a product or service is just as important as an initial product introduction. Something as simple as setting up an opposing in-store display with coupons or having customers complete a survey to indicate how often they use the product keeps brands fresh in consumers minds. Information gathered from the survey can expose how often customers use a product, how familiar they are with a product and if they plan to use it more in the future. Couple this with a discount coupon and Jollibee can even track the number of people who make a purchase after completing the survey. A follow-up survey can assess things like customer satisfaction and likelihood for a repeat purchase. Sales promotions are a great way to inform and remind customers about An Analyisis of "The Widow of Ephesus" Jollibee. Ultimately, the main objective of these activities is to increase revenue. Weigh the cost of promotional sales campaign against the total revenue Jollibee expect to receive.

Consider that many companies are spending up to 60 per cent of advertising budgets on sales promotions. Be sure that Jollibees promotional campaign is both cost-effective and profitable. These sales promotion techniques can help Jollibee gain a strong foothold in the Malaysian market. 1. Why Customer Relationship Management is so important? (2008) By Article Alley [online] Available from http://praveenortec.articlealley.com/why-customer-relationship-management-is-so-important-576369.html [Accessed on arguments, 12 Jan 2013] 2. Spanking Essay! Challenges of Implementing a CRM (2010) By Matt Koble [online] Available from http://www.ehow.com/list_6631188_challenges-implementing-crm.html [Accessed on opposing, 12 Jan 2013] 3. Tools of Sales Promotion (2005) By Chris Joseph [online] Available from http://www.ehow.com/list_6073558_tools-sales-promotion.html [Accessed on 12 Jan 2013] 4. Disadvantages of Sales Promotion (2008) By Drypen [online] Available from http://drypen.in/sales-promotion/disadvantages-of-sales-promotion.html [Accessed on Money, 12 Jan 2013] University/College: University of opposing California. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 9 January 2017. Let us write you a custom essay sample on stratification, Customer Relationship Management (CRM) for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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