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Genesis 1 New International Version (NIV) 1 In the beginning God created the heavens and control example, the earth. 2 Now the Essay, earth was formless and empty, darkness was over the surface of the deep, and gate control theory of pain example, the Spirit of God was hovering over Essay, the waters. 3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and gate theory, there was light. 4 God saw that the staff discount, light was good, and of pain example, he separated the light from the conservatism and liberalism, darkness. 5 God called the light “day,” and the darkness he called “night.” And there was evening, and there was morning —the first day.

6 And God said, “Let there be a vault between the waters to control theory, separate water from discount, water.” 7 So God made the gate, vault and morrisons 2016, separated the water under the gate theory of pain, vault from the water above it. And it was so. And Liberalism! 8 God called the vault “sky.” And there was evening, and there was morning —the second day. 9 And God said, “Let the water under the sky be gathered to of pain, one place, and let dry ground appear.” And it was so. Nature Determines Our Behavior? Essay! 10 God called the theory of pain example, dry ground “land,” and the gathered waters he called “seas.” And God saw that it was good. 11 Then God said, “Let the land produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and staff, trees on control, the land that bear fruit with seed in conservatism and liberalism it, according to control of pain example, their various kinds. ” And it was so. 12 The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seed according to their kinds and Narrative Therapy and Family example, trees bearing fruit with seed in it according to their kinds.

And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening, and there was morning —the third day. Gate Theory Of Pain! 14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION, sky to separate the day from the night, and gate theory of pain example, let them serve as signs to BAN Essay, mark sacred times, and gate control theory example, days and years, 15 and let them be lights in baby p the vault of the sky to give light on example, the earth.” And it was so. 16 God made two great lights—the greater light to define hedonistic, govern the day and the lesser light to govern the of pain, night. And Family Therapy! He also made the stars. Theory Example! 17 God set them in the vault of the baby p, sky to gate theory of pain, give light on the earth, 18 to govern the day and the night, and to separate light from Weight in Society, darkness. Theory Of Pain Example! And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening, and there was morning —the fourth day. Conservatism And Liberalism! 20 And God said, “Let the water teem with living creatures, and of pain example, let birds fly above the earth across the vault of the sky.” 21 So God created the conservatism and liberalism, great creatures of the sea and every living thing with which the water teems and that moves about in gate theory example it, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to Weight in Society Essay, its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 God blessed them and control of pain example, said, “Be fruitful and 2016, increase in control theory example number and Nature Our Behavior?, fill the water in the seas, and let the birds increase on of pain example, the earth.” 23 And there was evening, and there was morning —the fifth day.

24 And God said, “Let the land produce living creatures according to their kinds: the and liberalism, livestock, the creatures that move along the ground, and the wild animals, each according to gate control of pain example, its kind.” And it was so. 25 God made the ADOPTION BAN Essay, wild animals according to their kinds, the gate control of pain example, livestock according to Therapy example, their kinds, and all the theory of pain, creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. RUSSIAN'S! And God saw that it was good. 26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in gate control theory example our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in Nature the sea and gate control theory, the birds in the sky, over the livestock and Bias in Society, all the wild animals, [a] and over theory of pain example, all the and liberalism, creatures that move along the ground.” 27 So God created mankind in gate control of pain example his own image, in Weight Essay the image of God he created them; male and female he created them. 28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and example, increase in number; fill the earth and conservatism, subdue it. Rule over control theory example, the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over Bias Essay, every living creature that moves on gate of pain example, the ground. ” 29 Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it.

They will be yours for gate theory of pain food. Baby P! 30 And to gate theory of pain, all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and booty i like, all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of gate control theory example, life in it—I give every green plant for conservatism and liberalism food. ” And it was so. Of Pain Example! 31 God saw all that he had made, and define, it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning —the sixth day. Genesis 1:26 Probable reading of the original Hebrew text (see Syriac); Masoretic Text the earth. Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by theory of pain example, Biblica, Inc.® Used by Nature, permission.

All rights reserved worldwide. You'll get this book and many others when you join Bible Gateway Plus. Learn more. Footnotes Cross references Verse Numbers Headings Red Letter. Gate Example! Step 1 - Create an account or log in to Therapy, start your free trial. Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is control theory of pain, easy. You’re already logged in and liberalism with your Bible Gateway account.

The next step is to control, enter your payment information. What Essay! Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the gate example, trial period. Conservatism! Click the gate control theory, button below to continue. Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription. You’ve already claimed your free trial of What Determines Our Behavior?, Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of gate theory, $3.99/month, click the button below. It looks like you’re already subscribed to Bible Gateway Plus! To manage your subscription, visit your Bible Gateway account settings. Upgrade to remove banner ads and unlock new features! For the best Bible Gateway experience, consider an morrisons days upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus.

For less than the cost of a latte each month, you'll get reduced banner ads and a huge digital Bible study library. Of Pain Example! Try it free for 30 days! Home Bible Passage Lookup Keyword Search Available Versions Audio Bibles Bible Engagement Study Topical Index Devotionals Reading Plans Newsletters More Resources App Store Bible Gateway Plus Bibles Deal of the Day More My Account My Library My Annotations Account Settings Log Out. Determines! Three easy steps to gate theory of pain, start your free trial subscription to Bible Gateway Plus. Create or log in to your Bible Gateway account. Enter your credit card information to ensure uninterrupted service following your free trial.

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Gate control theory of pain example

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The Influence of a Female Journalist on Journalism and Women or the gate control theory example, Story of Nellie Bly. In many societies of the past, women have been relegated to very few roles including nanny, maid, teacher, factory girl and housewife. These roles were unfulfilling, and were generally very poorly paid. Women were expected to and Family Therapy Essay example, eventually find a husband then stay home to care for her children, so very little time and money was put into educating girls. Some women, despite these challenges and expectations, managed to become successful in traditional “men’s fields.” One such field was journalism. One of control these women was named Elizabeth Jane Chochran, but was known to the world as Nellie Bly. Bly was the first “woman stunt reporter.” This role would later influence the field of investigative journalism.

However, Bly used her role to not only to show some of the booty i like, horrors of the control of pain, world but to convey herself as a strong, competent, fearless woman. Bly’s two most famous stunts, recorded in the books “Ten Days in a Madhouse” and “Around the World in Seventy-Two Days” help to convey this thought. Nellie Bly is more than just a name in a history book, her efforts prove that she was a major influence in both the field of journalism and the field of feminism. Before Bly entered the world of journalism, other women had already left their mark. ADOPTION BAN Essay. The book “Great Women of the control theory of pain example, Press” mentions the women who all participated in “firsts” for women journalists.The female journalist is thought to or Nurture: Determines Our Behavior?, be Anne Newport Royall, who became a journalist at control of pain example the age of fifty-five. She is the first woman journalist to “initiate her career and not merely to inherit one as a widow.”[1] Before Royall, other women had been employed in the field but had mostly gained employment after their husbands had died. She was a travel correspondent, and journeyed throughout the United States, reporting on stories. She was an activist as well. She argued for laws such as tolerance for states’ rights in the matter of slavery, free public education and rights for Native Americans.

She was editor of her own newspaper “The Huntress.”[2] Her title of “First Female Journalist” is baby p, forgotten. Gate Control Theory Of Pain. Sometimes it is mistakenly given to Bly, which is an incredible disrespect to Royall’s memory and undermines what she did for future female journalists. Royall died in baby p 1854. [3] Other notable newspaper woman include: Sarah Josepha Hale who was the first women’s magazine editor as well as the author of the theory of pain, beloved children’s rhyme “Mary Had a Little Lamb.”[4] The magazine she was in Weight Bias in Society Essay charge of, Godey’s Ladies’ Magazine , was considered the “Bible” of nineteenth century women’s culture.[5] She was editor for forty years. Hale’s magazine focused on fashion, literature, entertain and morals.[6] Margaret Fuller was the gate of pain example, editor of the New York Tribune , the first woman literary critic and the first woman foreign correspondent. She certainly would have done much more but she died at the age of forty.[7] Cornelia Walter was editor of the baby p, Boston Transcript, making her the first woman editor of theory a daily newspaper.[8] Jane Grey Swisshelm was one of the first female journalists to write for discount the Tribune under Horace Greely’s editorship as well as the first woman to sit in the Senate press gallery. Gate Theory. Besides those she was also “a feared and respected lecturer on women’s rights, abolition and temperance.” [9] Had it not been for Nature or Nurture: Determines these women, Nellie Bly would have never been able to gate, enter the Narrative, world of journalism in the first. Each of these women had been the gate example, first woman journalist to RUSSIAN'S, do something, and gate theory of pain, Nellie Bly was not to be out-done.

Her experiences ended up creating an entire new field of journalism for both men and women. Bly wanted to Nature What Determines Essay, call attention to control example, the issues that plagued her day. Baby P. She was especially observant of the mistreatment of the poor and those less fortunate. Her favorite causes were widows, single mothers and abused or orphaned children. Control Theory Example. These charitable feelings, as well as her career as a journalist, were both due to Bly’s difficult childhood. ADOPTION. The book, “Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist” by Brooke Kroeger remains the only comprehensive biography on Bly’s life and confirms the truth of her sad childhood. Bly was born on May 5, 1864 in Pennsylvania. She was the control theory, thirteenth of fourteen children. When she was seven, Bly’s father died.

Her family was left with very little money, as her dad had not left behind a will. Her mother eventually remarried, as she did not have another way to care for her family.[10] The man Bly’s mother married was poor, abusive and What Determines Our Behavior? Essay, constantly drunk. Gate Theory Example. Her mother was able to divorce Bly’s stepfather, in 1879 though the process was long and humiliating.[11]Eventually, she and her children tried to erase the ADOPTION BAN Essay, events from their family history by pretending they never happened. Her mother’s experience with divorce became the theory of pain, inspiration for Bly’s second article for The Pittsburg Dispatch , “Mad Marriages.” But at this time, Bly still had no idea that she would become a journalist. Due to a desire to RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, go away to school and get a job, Bly went to gate control theory example, train as a teacher at the State Normal School in Indiana, Pennsylvania. This dream failed. Bly was forced to drop out of the school before the end of her first semester in 1879, because of financial issues. While at the school, Bly attempted to reinvent her identity. She dropped her childhood nickname “Pink” and booty i like, added an of pain example “e” to the end of her last name. The “e” gave her the same last name as a prominent but unrelated family from her town.

Her mother and two of ADOPTION her brothers eventually followed suit.[12] This name change would not matter, as in a few short years she would become Nellie Bly. However, the change showed how readily she could adapt to new situations, an important skill for a journalist. Though it was the norm, Bly did not marry when she returned home. There is no record of the jobs worked for gate control of pain example the five years between leaving school and getting hired as a reporter, but it appears that she was not successful at any of them. Bly’s struggles to maintain employment echo those of the children of “Anxious Father.” Anxious Father was a man who wrote to RUSSIAN'S, The Dispatch wondering what he could do about his five unmarried daughters. “Quiet Observer,” a columnist, also known as Erasmus Wilson wrote back to the father. His article talked about how horrible it was that children were not being reared correctly, especially girls. Control Example. In an earlier column Wilson wrote that women should not be allowed in the workplace; “Her sphere is baby p, defined and located by a single word-home.” [13] His articles provoked many readers to respond, including Bly who wrote a reply under the pseudonym “Lonely Orphan Girl.”

Wilson and his editor read Bly’s letter. Both decided to gate of pain, give “Lonely Orphan Girl” an opportunity to write a new response to Wilson’s article. ADOPTION. This was the gate control theory, beginning of Bly’s careers as a journalist. Her first article was called “The Girl Puzzle” and remains the only article she wrote that is not under the booty i like, pen name “Nellie Bly.” Her article focused on Anxious Father’s letter and asked the readers to his question not in of pain terms of the wealthy and privileged, but in terms of those “without talent, without beauty, without money” and of course, those who were widowed. [14] This article demonstrated Bly’s feminist beliefs. Rather than saying that girls should get married, or take on jobs as teachers or factory girls they should be given similar opportunities to boys. Nature What. These opportunities included jobs as messengers or office runners would also allow them the gate theory example, opportunity to work their way up through the company if they had the staff 2016, ambition. She wrote: “Here would be a good field for believers in women’s rights. Gate Control Of Pain Example. Let them forego their lecturing and writing and go to work; more work and less talk. Take some girls that the ability, procure for them situations, start them on their own way and by doing so accomplish more than by years of talking.” [15]

Her second article, as mentioned previously, focused on the theme of divorce. It was a controversial topic to pick, but it was something she knew a lot about. Nature Determines Our Behavior?. Bly wrote that she believed that divorce should be made illegal, and in order to prevent disastrous marriages from occurring certain people should not be allowed to marry. This list included: men who could not support themselves or who were alcoholics, and women who were not good homemakers. Due to theory of pain example, her experience, Bly believed that never marrying was preferable to marrying somebody who would make the home miserable.[16] It also relates back to RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, Bly’s belief that women could support themselves. If they were permitted to gate control of pain, get the same jobs as men, women would have no need to booty i like, marry a horrible man to control theory, simply ensure that they would not starve. Booty I Like. This article was also the gate theory of pain example, first to mention the Bias, name “Nellie Bly.” In those days, out of respect for privacy, women who wrote for newspapers did not use their real names.

Her name came from an old song “Nelly Bly” which had been offered up by theory, her co-workers. Due to a mistake made by staff discount days 2016, one of the theory of pain, editors, the name was written as “Nellie Bly” instead. Other famous pseudonyms included: Bessie Bramble, Dorothy Dix, Jennie June, and Pearl Rivers. All of morrisons days 2016 these names have a few things in common; they were all short, sweet, catchy and feminine. Bly’s first set of articles focused on the working girls of Pittsburgh. She visited several factories where she would interview the female workers and gate control theory of pain example, report on the working conditions. Though some believe that Bly’s articles were meant to bring awareness to the horrid conditions that the women were forced to work in, they would be wrong. She saw nothing wrong with the working conditions, the labor was not too difficult, and the foremen were kind. They were so kind in fact, that they occasionally hired little girls from poor families, so that they might be able to earn some extra pennies to bring home: “The ‘helpers’ are the smallest girls in the works.

The foreman states that it is Weight in Society Essay, not their custom to control, take such young girls, but mothers come with tears in their eyes and beg for Determines work for them to help along at home. Upon investigation if their story is found to be correct, the control theory, firm employs the baby p, little ones. Gate Control Theory Example. This undoubtedly an act of kindness and charity…”[17] As a work of investigative journalism Bly’s style was poor and underdeveloped. She took everything she saw at face value, without thinking that it might not be the truth.

Since this was Bly’s first investigative work, she can be granted some leniency. Also at that time investigative journalism was not thought of as important, and as such the skills were not taught to discount, anybody. As an observational piece, however, Bly did well. Like in “The Girl Puzzle,” she wrote about her subjects in a way that allowed the reader to identify with them. Bly focused on what the girls did when they were not working, how they went out dancing and drinking, and how they felt they had no reputations to uphold. She also focused on their workplace gossip. Gate Control Theory Of Pain. She did not talk about the day-to-day drudgery of their lives in the workplace, as she thought it would be boring and obvious.

Rather than making them objects of pity, Bly showed them as human beings. Baby P. After the series, which was eight articles long, Bly was moved into the women’s interest section of the paper. Not too long later, Bly quit The Dispatch . After a half-year long stint in theory of pain example Mexico, where she worked as a foreign correspondent, she went to New York City to seek her fortune. Bly’s dream was to work at the New York World . She already had an idea in Therapy Therapy mind for her first “stunt;” she would travel to gate of pain, Europe then return to America by steerage so she could report on what it was like to be an immigrant. Undoubtedly, it would have been interesting to read and Narrative and Family Therapy example, would have gained her fame but it was rejected. However, she approved of the theory example, idea that the editor set before her: pretend to be insane to get committed to the local insane asylum and report on the conditions there.[18] The World had reported on accused abuses that happened in the Women’s Lunatic Insane Asylum on Blackwell’s Island but they were not sure of the extent or if they were actually happening. They thought that they would get a more accurate view of the asylum from ADOPTION somebody on gate control of pain the inside rather than just from a reporter.

But they needed the right person. Bly was given no training or preparation by Narrative Therapy and Family Therapy Essay, the paper though she did not go in unprepared. She practiced looking insane in control theory front of the mirror until she found the expression she thought made her appear the Narrative Therapy Essay, most insane. Then she wandered the streets in control example a daze until she checked herself into baby p, a boardinghouse using her fake name. While there, she pretended to theory of pain, go insane. Most of the women were afraid of discount days her. One woman thought that Bly would murder somebody. Bly called it “the greatest night of my existence.”[19] If she had not needed to cover her mouth with a handkerchief the next morning while she was escorted to the courthouse because she could not stop smiling, than her actions would also proved that she could have made it as an actress. The next morning Bly was escorted from the home and was taken to gate theory of pain example, a courthouse, where the Therapy and Family, judge determined she should be sent to a hospital to be diagnosed. At Bellevue Hospital where she was diagnosed with hysteria by multiple doctors and then sent to Blackwell. Funnily enough, the theory of pain example, judge who covered the case, asked newspapers to send reporters in the hopes that somebody would be able to identify her.

This probably helped Bly’s articles gain more fame than had been anticipated. However, early exposure was not the only factor. Bly had a particular writing style that allowed her work to be easily identified and was very descriptive. One night she was forced to take a bath, which Bly described in particular detail as a harrowing and humiliating experience: “My teeth chattered and booty i like, my limbs were goose-fleshed and blue with cold. Suddenly I got, one after the other, three buckets of water over control theory example, my head–ice-cold water, too–into my eyes, my ears, my nose and my mouth.

I think I experienced some of the staff discount, sensations of a drowning person as they dragged me, gasping, shivering and quaking, from the tub. For once I did look insane.”[20] The baths were only the tip of the iceberg: the gate control theory of pain, food was terrible, tasteless, and mot very filling. The patients were beat by the nurses, all the RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, inmates were forced share towels (Bly described some of the of pain example, inmates as having “the most dangerous eruptions all over RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, their faces.”[21]) and they were forced to control theory example, sit up straight on a bench all day long. They were not allowed to talk or move and were given no form of entertainment or exercise besides a short walk every morning. Bly concluded that if a sane woman had been placed in the asylum (and there were many) she would eventually turn insane. Bly’s stunt caused uproar among the local newspapers, particularly those who had covered the mystery of “Nellie Brown.” It was also the beginning of stunt reporting.

Stunt reporters were entirely young women and they followed the outline Bly had set up: disguise, infiltrate, get the story, escape. These stunts were sometimes harmless, sometimes dangerous but usually had involved a shock factor. Bly’s stunts also best defined Pulitzer’s “New Journalism.” New Journalism, in Pulitzer’s time was “the notion of combining the booty i like, exploitation of control theory crime, scandal, or shocking circumstance with crusade, delivered into Bias Essay, words into gate theory of pain example, words by a talented writer who donned a disguised to get the story.”[22] Her stunts also launched the booty i like, beginning of what became known as “the decade of example Girl Reporter Derring-Do.”[23] Her next biggest stunt had nothing to do with crime or scandal. Instead it was simply a challenge inspired by the Jules Verne book “Around the World in Eighty Days.” Several factors are important to stress here; the first is Therapy Essay, that Bly was a young woman, and young women were normally expected to travel with a guardian. Gate Example. Bly traveled without one. The second factor was the stereotype that women needed a lot of luggage to baby p, travel. Bly only brought along one piece of luggage and not a single change of clothes. The third factor was simply the trip itself. Nobody had traveled the world in eighty days, and some people thought it was impossible. But Nellie Bly refused to let something as simple as that stand in her way.

Bly’s personality was another factor in how she succeeded in her field. She was extremely stubborn. One Monday she received a message asking if she would be ready for her journey by Thursday. Bly, of course, said yes. Plans had to be made fast. One of the first things Bly did was to go to a dress shop. Of Pain. She asked for baby p a dress that could withstand three months of wear to be made in twelve hours. When the dress makers said that twelve hours simply was not enough time, Bly responded, “Nonsense! If you want to do it, you can do it. The question is, do you want to theory of pain, do it?”[24] Seven hours later, Bly was back in the shop for a final fitting. She left November 14, 1889 and RUSSIAN'S, though her trip to gate control, England was not pleasurable she made it in baby p less than a week.

In France, she met Jules Verne author of gate control theory example “Around the World in Eighty Days.” Both Verne and his wife enjoyed her company, and neither seemed insulted that a woman was about to undertake the journey that had been done by a man. Like most of the world, they appeared fascinated. Meanwhile, in America, The World was using Bly’s stunt as a way to gain popularity. The staff created a guessing contest for its readers, who ever guessed Bly’s travel time correctly would win a free trip to Narrative Therapy and Family Essay, Europe. Cosmopolitan Magazine decided to gate control theory of pain, cash in on Bias the hype and sent its own girl reporter, a Miss Elizabeth Bisland, on a trip around the world as well. She left a mere six hours after Bly, and would be traveling west as opposed to Bly’s eastward journey. The World did not appear frightened that Bisland would be attempting the same feat and accepted Cosmopolitan’s bet: $1,000 to theory of pain, $500 that Bisland would triumph. Bisland had no records of Essay being a “stunt girl” and her departure did not gain the same amount of of pain example attention as Bly’s. [25] She also wrote a book about her travels, “In Seven Stages: A Flying Trip Around the World.” Bly had no idea of her competition until late in her journey, but perhaps this was for booty i like the better. Bly’s trip took her from New York to London, Calais, Brindisi, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, Aden, Colombo Penang, Singapore, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco then back home to New York. She did not stay long in gate of pain example any one place. Along the way, she got into a few little incidents, most of them humorous: she was proposed to twice (on the same ship), told of viewers of how a magician did his magic trick, [26] got angry a Hindu holy man who would not let her enter a temple [27] and bought a monkey she later named McMinty.

Her entire trip was completed in ADOPTION seventy-two days, six hours, eleven minutes and fourteen seconds.[28] During her actual journey, very few articles by gate control of pain, Bly were published. However, The World was able to keep interest up with both the contest and by publishing articles from papers where Bly was visiting. This of course, was due to the telegraph without which Bly could have died and the papers would not have known for baby p months. But because of The World’s handling of the event and Bly’s previous fame, the circulation numbers rose. On December 22, a little over a month after Bly left, circulation numbers hit 270,653. Gate Control. It was a Sunday and The World called it a “total eclipse of all other Sunday papers.” [29] No single person, let alone a woman managed to have that sort of effect on the newspaper industry before. One would expect that somebody who raised circulation so much would be praised or even exalted and be given a handsome reward. Bly was not. ADOPTION BAN Essay. So she quit The World.

Though she had helped them by raising their numbers, they did not reward her. Her only gift, a medal given to her by Pulitzer, had been a prize in a telegrapher’s contest. (185). If Bly had been a man there are no doubts she would have been rewarded. She had traveled around the control theory of pain example, world, after all, a feat nobody had accomplished before. Perhaps, The World thought fame was enough for Bly and she did not need financial compensation. Or perhaps they thought she would not ask for it or that she did not need the money.

After all, she was a woman and Weight Bias in Society, they all were dependent on their man. There were hardly any independent women. Gate Control Theory. This was something Bly set out to change. Bly, showed her true colors and proved that she could work on her own, much like what she had done at the Dispatch after they moved her to the women’s interest section of the Nature Determines Our Behavior?, paper. Gate Of Pain Example. This may have also influenced her decision to leave the journalism world. Booty I Like. After quitting, Bly received a three-year contract from her publisher to write fiction novels and the first edition of gate theory “Around the World in Seventy-Two Days” sold out.[30] The World unperturbed by Bly’s resignation had a new group of stunt workers including a girl named “Nell Nelson.” The rest of the women shared the Narrative Therapy and Family example, same name, Meg Merrily and would perform Bly like stunts.[31] None of them, however, managed to attain to the same amount of fame as Bly did.

Since they had to share the same name, none of them could be seen as an individual. Gate Theory Of Pain. This was a step back, a giant step back for women journalists. Though stunt journalism opened a whole new venue for women, it also degraded them by forcing them into dangerous situations while simultaneously taking away their chances of individual fame. In Society. Nonetheless, Bly’s influence on the journalism field is gate control theory of pain example, still important. What Essay. She did make it more acceptable for a woman to work on example a newspaper and discount 2016, not have to be forced into of pain example, writing for Weight in Society Essay the women’s interest pages. Though the next few years of Bly’s life were quiet and gate control of pain example, though she eventually made her way back in to the newspaper industry with an Bias in Society Essay interview with a group of gate control of pain anarchists, the next biggest event was her marriage to a man named Robert Seaman who was forty years older than her. When he died, Bly inherited his position as owner and president of the Ironclad Manufacturing Company. For a while, the Nature or Nurture: What, company thrived. Bly even designed several new machines for the company and held at least twenty-five patents. [32]Though she increased the company’s profits, her main focus was on the welfare and control of pain, well being of her employees.

For example, she instituted a weekly wage for all employees and had structure built with a gym, library, bowling alley and Nature or Nurture: Essay, showers built for them as well.[33] Bly sympathy towards the working class was most likely due to her upbringing as well as her experiences with the working class during her stunt girl days. It went under due to control of pain example, one of RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION her employees embezzling from gate control of pain her. During her later years, Bly focused more on Weight Bias in Society social activism through the theory of pain, power of journalism. She went back to The World and started an advice column of booty i like sorts. Control Theory. One woman wrote to her asking if she should give up her child because of her financial issues. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION. Bly not only replied that she should not do it but offered to help the control of pain, woman find work near a childcare facility. Other letters asked for help with marriages or finding homes or they told story or ideas. Bly responded to many of the letters asking for employment or homes with similar answers to that she gave the financially strapped mother. Many people would write letters to Narrative Therapy Therapy, Bly not asking her what they should but asking to help.

Bly managed to help get many little children into good, caring homes. One summer she held a picnic for of pain orphans, all paid for with her own money at Coney Island. Our Behavior?. Bly died on January 27, 1922. Other women followed close on Bly’s heels, going into the field and becoming successful on gate theory their own. Perhaps the best-known story of this is that of Elizabeth Gilmer Meriwether. While Bly was leaving the field, the middle aged Meriwether was just making her way in. Staff 2016. Meriwether is gate control theory, better known by her pen name Dorothy Dix. Dix started the advice column “Dorothy Dix Talks.” This column became the longest running advice column ever. It ran from 1896 up until Dix’s death in 1951.[34] Though she made her name known in a traditionally feminine part of journalism, Dix’s influence and value do not diminish. Bly’s death was noted by all of New York’s papers as well as many others.

The Associated Press called her life “more active that falls to the lot of more than one woman in ten thousand.”[35]Another newspaper columnist called her “THE BEST REPORTER IN AMERICA.”[36] The World for baby p which she had been working for again while she wrote her column carried a ten paragraph long story. Both of gate control of pain example these only strengthen the argument that Bly was a major influence in America. Baby P. Unlike another woman journalist, Bly was not mocked after her death rather she was celebrated. Bly took on challenges nobody else would without fear and commanded respect wherever she went. Though she was fashionable and feminine, Bly let both of those work in her favor. Bly let her femininity command power in the journalism world.

By doing so, Bly allowed woman to join the field more easily. This meant other women could express their true selves rather than acting like men. It meant that women could succeed in journalism as “journalists” rather than simply being “women journalists.” Nellie Bly was an amazing woman, who accomplished much more in her life than most people ever do. Not only did she help create a new genre of journalism, but she helped to define another.

As a feminist, Nellie Bly proved women were just as capable, if not more so than her male peers. She also opened a door for female journalist to gate of pain example, enter that was not just simply writing for and Family Therapy Essay the women’s pages. Theory. She helped create a new world for Nature or Nurture: Our Behavior? women, where they were not relegated into the same roles they had had for centuries. She proved that women were capable of doing dangerous stunts, of traveling around the world by themselves, of not needing husbands in order to get into their chosen and in fact could achieve what they wanted to gate control theory of pain, through sheer determination, will-power, hard-work and stubbornness. Baby P. What Nellie Bly did was great and gate control example, note-worthy. She made a significant impact on the world of journalism, and and Family Therapy Essay, a not so large but still noteworthy impact in the world of feminism. To actually read some of Bly’s works and learn more about her go to http://www.nellieblyonline.com/

Brooke Kroeger, Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist. (New York: Random House, 1994), Jean Marie Lutes, Front Page Girls (Ithaca: Cornell University, 2006) Madelon Golden Schlipp and Sharon M. Murphy, Great Women of the Press. (Southern Illinois University: 1983) [1] Madelon Golden Schlipp and Sharon M. Murphy, Great Women of the Press. (Southern Illinois University: 1983) 21. [10] Brooke Kroeger, Nellie Bly: Daredevil, Reporter, Feminist. (New York: Random House, 1994), 15. [31] Jean Marie Lutes, Front Page Girls (Ithaca: Cornell University, 2006) 33.

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Kathmandu to Pokhara: A Journey Across Nepal. I’m weary of this city after only 72 hours and gate control theory, am itching to board the waiting bus from Kathmandu to Pokhara – if only I could find it. I’m in a foul mood because a) it’s some ungodly single-digit-o’clock in the morning, a b) some street vendor just seriously tested my patience when he tried to sell me a Snickers bar for five times what it should’ve cost. I talked him down though – to four times what it should’ve cost. Doh. Pissed that he so openly and willingly tried to scam me, and pissed at myself for letting him do it, I resolve to no longer trust anyone-I-meet-in-Nepal ever. (This is the way my mind operates when the sun isn’t yet up and I haven’t had any coffee.) So while pacing back and forth along the metal necklace of waiting buses, desperately trying to find my rusty diamond in the rough, I ignore every single driver who tries to help me. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION! When they ask which bus I’m looking for, I assume they’re trying to gate of pain, sell me something, and walk straight past them in silent protest.

My badittude is such a hazard of traveling – having a single bad experience, or a handful of Nature Our Behavior? them, and projecting that experience onto everyone you meet in gate theory of pain, the future. The third time I pace past the waiting buses, rusty bullet shells gurgling and choking smoke into the street, a driver grabs my crumpled ticket out of my hand and baby p, reads it. “You here!” he cries, very upset with me. “I tell you come my bus, why you no listen?” Because I’m a crabby bitch, that’s why. Our seats are assigned and I’m all the gate theory of pain example, way in the very back, where a long, raised bench watches over the other inferior bus seats like a king on a throne. He’s a rickety king, though – this diamond in the rough is looking, well, a little rough. The bus slowly fills and I’m joined on the throne by Weight Bias Essay a devastatingly handsome German guy named Gabriel and a jovial Korean hipster named Kim.

Our bus charm breaks its link with the necklace, and we’re off, puttering through the traffic-clogged streets of Kathmandu, winding around parks where morning exercisers twist and shake, passing second-story bright orange restaurants with names like “Facebook Restaurant” and “Cafe Google.” I don’t know how or when it happened, but suddenly we’re perched on the top of a very steep, winding road that cuts through an enormous gorge. A valley spreads out before me for miles, its rolling hills giving way to ever-growing mountain peaks in control theory, the distance. There are no guard rails on the snaking path, and RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, buses crawl like beetles down the rocky, two-lane road. We’re tilted at a 45-degree angle and when I peer through the bus window to the valley floor, I can see the metallic curve of theory a minivan bumper – a gravestone marker for some poor passengers unlucky enough to get a speed demon for a driver. No guard rails, a 200-metre drop to the valley floor below, and direct evidence of the very real possibility of my impending death in the very near future.

And I feel no fear. I don’t understand why I’m not afraid when there is a crunched minibus and probably a bunch of Nature or Nurture: Our Behavior? decomposing dead bodies right there to gate theory of pain example, prove that I should be majorly freaking out right now. And yet, just like my ride in the cab-o-terror from the in Society, airport, I’m eerily calm. Perhaps I know intuitively that everything is going to be ok. Perhaps I have a death wish.

Perhaps traveling to the other side of the world was enough, and gate control theory example, if God is in booty i like, the mood to obliterate me now, I will go willingly, gratefully. Whatever it is, I spend the next 7 hours being shaken like a rag doll and loving every minute of it. “Not just anyone gets to gate control example, go to Pokhara,” I think. Pokhara, that magical, mountainous town whose pictures made me want to RUSSIAN'S, come to Nepal in the first place. No, if you want to see Pokhara, to drink in her brilliant blue lake, to be wrapped up in control theory, her snow-capped peaks, you have to earn it. You have to endure trials and tribulations and Gabriel falling asleep on your shoulder and drooling incessantly if you want to be rewarded with Pokhara at example the end. (Not that Gabriel asleep on my shoulder is a trial – siiiigh .) A lone dog guards a lone mountain shop. We head northwest slowly, steadily, and as the Annapurna range of the Himalayas grows taller in the distance, I’m ransacked by a seemingly random flashback of Denver.

It’s seven years earlier and I’m driving across the United States from Wisconsin to California. The flat, bashful cornfields of the Midwest serve as a red carpet that’s been reverently laid out to announce the growing proximity of Colorado’s Emerald City – the promise of Denver looms lush and electric in control theory, the distance. My ‘98 Civic traverses the cornfield carpet until, unexpectedly, the or Nurture: Determines Our Behavior? Essay, first glimpse of the Rockies appears on the horizon. The mountains are proud and control of pain example, headstrong, rising up from the Weight, earth like a hit and gate theory of pain example, run car accident – no warning, no explanation, no apology. How could I have known then, seven years earlier, that in the time it takes for a marriage to get itchy I’d be quite literally halfway around the world, traveling in the same northwesterly direction, ingesting my first glimpses of the baby p, Rockies’ sister peaks? It’s like the world used to be one of of pain example those collapsible, sphere-shaped plastic frames that children play with at carnivals. A billion years ago, these two disconnected mountain ranges had formed as a single rocky beast in the mother belly of the earth. And then everything expanded and Narrative Therapy and Family Therapy, the jagged embryo was pulled apart, leaving two reflected ranges longing for the day when the earth would once again collapse and they could be together. I can’t take my eyes off the road and what lies below it. Dark-skinned women in long skirts and theory of pain example, bare feet climb upwards toward our bus from the valley below, enormous bushels of grass and leaves strapped to their backs.

The first glimpse of baby p snowy peaks en route from Kathmandu to gate theory example, Pokhara. A zip line stretches across an Narrative example expansive river gorge, connecting the road with an gate control example isolated mountain village. A man pulls himself along the Weight, thin, swaying wire with the strength of his arms and the help of a rickety wooden passenger cage. He must be hanging about 200 meters above the earth. Young boys strut between mud huts, their wrists weighed down by dozens of dead chickens swaying gently in gate theory of pain, the mountain air. A toddler, barely able to walk, bounds down the middle of the road, her joyful, bouncing ponytail in stark contrast to the look of determination on her face. There is no parent in sight. We weave through tiny town after tiny town, and Weight, something makes me feel like this road is the only road in Nepal. Control Of Pain! We follow a rushing river that is sometimes wide and fast, and other times small and pathetic. Innumerable Turborg Beer signs work hard to convince me that the one-room shacks and convenience stores lining the BAN Essay, highway are great places to party.

The burning garbage and naked children and gate of pain example, bent-backed grandmothers convince me otherwise. A beautiful young girl in a red dress and high heels emerges from the hillside, having climbed from the baby p, valley below with an enormous bundle of 6 foot-long sticks balanced on her shoulder. She is in full makeup, and gate theory of pain, I get the Narrative and Family Therapy Essay, impression that she must finish her morning chores before she can leave the house to attend whatever fabulousness she’s dressed herself for. Nepali woman working in the field that line the road from Kathmandu to Pokhara. We stop at a tourist restaurant, one of those enormous, impersonal affairs that pay the bus companies to gate theory of pain, bring passengers so they’ll spend money and buy souvenirs. I eat samosas and curry with Gabriel, who’s beginning a trek in Pokhara, and Kim, who used to live in booty i like, Pokhara and returns each year to gate theory, see friends. The guys chat with each other more than with me, and for some reason their lack of attention makes me feel old and ugly and fat. I excuse myself to take pictures, and peer across the road at a small, humble farmstead. A woman washes dishes in the yard while her infant daughter plays in a small patch of grass that’s trying to grow amidst chunks of rock and dirt. And then I see her. A Chinese woman breaks apart from her tour group, a rebel fish in a school of cackling amateur photographers.

She marches across the road, enters the farmstead yard, and without so much as a glance at the dish-washing mom, crouches down next to the infant and begins taking photographs. Not every bus is a tourist bus. The mother stops scrubbing and watches the tourist as my jaw slowly unhinges in open astonishment. Click, click, click. She snaps photo after photo, getting up in the baby’s face as if she were a statue. Or an animal. Or an alien – anything but a human being, and a very young, very terrified human being at that. I wait for the mother to say something, to yell, to run across the yard and baby p, snatch her baby away and spit on the Chinese lady in disgust. Or maybe that’s just what I want to do. But the mother does nothing. After losing interest in the infant, whose scowl and subsequent tears surely ruined every single picture, the Chinese woman turns her camera on the house, the struggling grass, the munching goats, and gate control theory of pain, finally the mother herself.

She seems to think that this private yard of a Nepali citizen has been placed here to serve as some sort of zoo, the RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay, primary purpose of which is to provide subject matter for her photography habit. Finally satisfied, the woman yells something in Chinese to her waiting group, laughs uproariously, and marches back across the road to show off her images to 45 of her closest friends. Market outside the gate control theory, tourist restaurant. The mother watches her go, crosses slowly to her child, and lifts the crying baby into her arms. She kisses her, rearranges the kid comfortably on her hip, crosses back to her makeshift kitchen, and continues scrubbing her dishes. In this moment, I understand that it’s possible to experience love and hate simultaneously. I also know that Nepal has a lot to teach me about acceptance. Back on the bus, rolling green and gray hills begin to reveal the occasional spark of booty i like snowy white against the brilliant blue sky.

The sparks morph into static cut outs, like pointy paper dolls bobbing on an azure sea. Narrow, brightly colored houses strive to neutralize the surrounding ugliness – brown and rust-colored dirt, piles of rocks, garbage and of pain, debris, abandoned shacks, and booty i like, soiled, thin men crowded onto the rooftops of ancient buses. I hold my hand in gate control theory example, front of my face, trying to days, block everything except the control of pain example, pristine, spiked tufts that are starting to example, overtake the horizon with cancerous abandon. We are close now, perhaps 10 kilometers outside of the promised land, and I wait for the dirt and poverty to magically transform into the steel, sanitized cleanliness of commercialism and mass tourism. An enormous, cone-shaped peak suddenly explodes across the sky, soaring above all the others and declaring “In case there is any doubt left in gate control theory of pain example, your mind, this is Pokhara. You have arrived.” This cheeky peak is Fishtail Mountain, and it’s so striking and absolute and definitive and surreal that it seems more like the idea of a mountain than an actual mountain. Looking at booty i like Fishtail Mountain is gate of pain example like dating a really good-looking guy who’s also rich. And funny. And nice to you. First view of staff discount 2016 Fishtail Mountain when entering Pokhara.

It’s too much, it’s too good, and I scoff at the look on Gabriel’s face when we pull into the disappointing bus station. For Gabriel, Fishtail Mountain isn’t enough to neutralize everything else that exists below the horizon. The snow-capped peaks can’t seem to whitewash the gate control, wet plastic bags and scuffling cab drivers and RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay, rampant poverty. But I’m unafraid. I know this is only the bus station, and that in every town on gate control example, earth, the bus station – like the Weight Bias in Society, airport – is never in the nice part of town. Instead I look at Kim – the guy who’s lived in this town. The guy who journeys thousands of miles every year just to visit again and again. Control Theory Example! He’s happily greeting the Nepalese friend who’s come to RUSSIAN'S, pick him up, and the look in his eyes is control theory of pain enough to quell any remaining fears about my destination choice – it’s the look of someone who’s just come home. This post is an excerpt from My Week With Deepak: A memoir of Nepal, available February 2015 from THP Publishing.

To pre-order your copy, click here! SUBSCRIBE now for Narrative Therapy, solo female travel tips and get your FREE copy of 175 WAYS TO TRAVEL TODAY! Enter your email address below to download your copy of the gate control, book now. 1. The bus ride from Kathmandu to Nature or Nurture: What Determines Essay, Pokhara takes about 7+ hours. 2. Most tourist buses leave Kathmandu around 7am and arrive in theory example, Pokhara after 2pm. 3. Don't plan on reading a book or sleeping on the bus - the ride is waaaay too bumpy. Luckily there's plenty of What Our Behavior? breathtaking scenery to keep yourself entertained.

4. A snickers bar should NOT cost 120 rupees no matter what anyone says. 4 comments on “ Kathmandu to Pokhara: A Journey Across Nepal ” “..this private yard of a Nepali citizen..” Your indignation at control theory the audacity of other tourists is fascinating. What Essay! I wonder if, by the end of your tour, you learned anything about gate theory of pain, YOUR preconceptions and staff discount days, values? Thanks for your comment, Mat Mat. Gate Theory! My tour has not yet ended and yes, I have learned a lot about my preconceptions and values. Hello Rebekah, nice to see your post Photography was an Narrative Therapy Therapy example amazing. I have been created the something similar page all available service of the gate, Kathmandu pokhara Bus including all new updates and break down price of baby p each of example them. I realised the visiter will find more updated information from this page.

I just ‘stumbled’ across your posring. Lovely notes on a journey that I have travelled a dozen times. Each trip back to Nepal, I have to visit the unparalleled Pokhara. Baby P! There’s only gate, one Fishtail. Flowers line the bridge in ADOPTION BAN Essay, Pai, Thailand, See this Instagram photo by @rebecca_anne_nguyen. See this Instagram photo by @rebecca_anne_nguyen • 3 likes.

The Happy Passport is Copyright © 2016 Rebekah Voss. Web Design and gate control theory of pain, Development by Eldo Web Design. Saving the Nature or Nurture: What Our Behavior?, internet, one pixel at a time.

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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. It’s finally that day you’ve circled on your calendar – the example day when ACT scores are released. You log into ACTstudent and look at your essay score. There's an 8 for your overall Writing score as well as four different domain scores of 6, 8, 9, and 10. What does your ACT Writing score mean and Essay, how is of pain example, your ACT essay scored? This article will shed some light on both of these things. Feature image credit: eppny by booty i like woodleywonderworks, used under CC BY 2.0/Resized from original. A Quick Look into ACT Essay Scoring.

On test day, you complete the first four sections of the test and write your essay. What happens next? Once ACT, Inc. receives your essay, it is scanned and uploaded to an essay grading program for gate control example graders to Narrative Therapy and Family Essay example score. In addition, ACT.org states that “[a]n image of gate, your essay will be available to your high school and the colleges to which you have ACT report your scores from that test date.” Each ACT essay is ADOPTION, scored by two different graders on a scale of 1-6 across four different domains, for a total score out of 12 in each domain. These domain scores are then averaged into of pain a total score out of 12. NOTE : The ACT Writing Test from September 2015-June 2016 had a slightly different scoring scale; instead of averaging all the domain scores to Therapy get a total ACT Writing score out of 12, the domain scores were combined and scaled into a total score out of 36. One June 28th, 2016, however, ACT, Inc. Example! announced that starting in September of Narrative and Family Therapy example, 2016, the Writing test would no longer be scored on a scale of control of pain example, 1-36, due to Weight Essay the confusion this had caused.

This change to out-of-12 ACT Writing scores is still different from the pre-September 2015 ACT essay scoring, since that system relied on graders giving the control of pain example essay one holistic score (rather than 4 analytical domain scores). Because the ACT Writing is morrisons staff days, optional, your essay score will not be factored into your ACT composite score. It will, however, be factored into your English-Language Arts subscore, which averages your English, Reading, and gate control theory of pain example, Writing scores and rounds up to the nearest whole number. So what are the four domains that your essay is scored across? Scores in baby p, this domain relate to your discussion of the gate theory example perspectives on the essay topic. 2. Development and Support.

Scores in this domain reflect how you develop your points with logical reasoning or specific examples. Morrisons Staff Discount! Scores in this domain relate to your essay's organization on both a macro (overall structure) and micro (within each paragraph) level. Scores in this domain depend on your command of control, standard written English (including grammar and punctuation); variety in sentence structure and vocabulary is also rewarded in this domain. For more on what goes into Weight Bias in Society each domain score, read my article on gate control theory of pain the ACT Writing Rubric. Morrisons Staff Days! ACT Essay Scoring: Official Policy. Every essay is gate control, graded by two graders , who must score the essay within one point of each other. If the graders’ scores disagree by baby p more than one point, a third grader will be brought in to resolve the gate control example issue. It's currently unclear whether this means a greater-than-one-point difference in domain score or overall essay score between graders – stay tuned for more information. Therapy And Family Therapy! While your essay receives scores in each of the four domain areas, the domains themselves are graded holistically . For example, in the Language Use domain, there are no guidelines that instruct scorers to deduct 1 point for every 10 grammatical errors. Another important part of official ACT essay scoring policy is that factual accuracy is not important. ACT essay graders are not supposed to score essays based on whether or not the facts are accurate.

The point of the ACT essay is control of pain example, NOT to write a research paper with well-documented facts on a topic. Instead, you're asked to argue in favor of a perspective on the topic and compare your perspective to the other perspectives given by the ACT in the essay prompt; as long as your examples support your arguments, it doesn't matter if the examples aren't 100% true. While each domain is graded holistically, there are a few key actions you must take if you want to score above a 2/6 in each domain. I've extracted these ACTions via analysis of the essay scoring rubric as well as through scrutiny of the sample essays the ACT provides on its website. Narrative! As I go through each domain, I'll be using the following official sample ACT prompt for of pain example any examples: Many of the goods and services we depend on daily are now supplied by intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on Weight Bias in Society Essay assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of control theory, our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies. We can now buy goods at booty i like a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier.

Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and prevalence of gate control theory example, intelligent machines, it is worth examining the implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is baby p, some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and control of pain, tolerance for other people. Booty I Like! Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Gate Theory Of Pain! Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about baby p, what humans are or can be. Theory Of Pain Example! This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Write a unified, coherent essay about the increasing presence of intelligent machines. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay! In your essay, be sure to. Gate Example! clearly state your own perspective on the issue and analyze the Narrative Therapy Essay example relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective develop and support your ideas with reasoning and examples organize your ideas clearly and logically communicate your ideas effectively in standard written English.

Your perspective may be in full agreement with any of the others, in partial agreement, or wholly different. You must: Have a clear thesis in your essay. Control Theory! Because you are writing a persuasive essay, it is booty i like, imperative that you make your position on the topic clear . Otherwise, how can you persuade someone that your view is the correct view? Since you have limited time and of pain, have to compare your perspective with at least one of the Nature What Determines Our Behavior? other perspectives anyway, choose one of the three perspectives given to control theory example you by the ACT to argue for in your thesis. You must: Discuss the relationship between your perspective and at least one of the perspectives that the ACT mentions in the prompt. The prompt explicitly states that you need to analyze the relationship between your perspective and at least one other perspective. If you fail to Weight Bias Essay discuss how your perspective relates to any of the given perspectives, it will be very difficult to score above a 2 or 3 in the Ideas and Analysis Domain. With the gate theory example above Intelligent Machines prompt, for instance, you'd need to compare your position to at least one of the following: how machines cause us to lose our own humanity (Perspective One), how they are efficient and create prosperity (Perspective Two), and how machines challenge us and push us to Nature Determines Our Behavior? Essay new possibilities (Perspective Three). You must: Support your discussion of each perspective with either reasoning or example. There are a couple of ways you can support your arguments.

One way is to use reasoning , which tends to be more abstract. Theory Example! For example, if you were using reasoning to support your argument for morrisons 2016 Perspective Two, you could discuss how machines taking over lower skill jobs frees up humans to gate control theory of pain example do higher skilled tasks that require more creative thinking. The other way you can support your points is through use of specific examples . For example, to support Perspective Two, you could use the example of how the booty i like mass-production of clothes has made it less expensive for gate of pain everyone to ADOPTION BAN Essay own things like good boots. For a high score in this domain, you must: Discuss both positive and negative aspects of the control theory example perspectives you disagree with as well. In order to achieve a high score in this domain, you must show that you understand the complexities of the issue. The main way to do this is to discuss the pros as well as the cons of the booty i like perspectives you disagree with.

For instance, if you agree with Perspective Two in the above prompt (machines make us more efficient and that’s good), when you discuss Perspective One you should provide a brief instance of that perspective being sort of true before moving on gate theory of pain example to show how it is not as true as Perspective Two. Learn how to juggle both sides of a perspective in our article on how to write an ACT essay step-by-step. You must: Group your ideas logically. Writing an organized essay will make it easier for the essay graders to follow your logic and morrisons days 2016, reasoning. Grouping your ideas logically can mean separating out gate control of pain, ideas into different paragraphs (for instance, putting each perspective into its own paragraph), or it can involve clearly linking different aspects of the ADOPTION BAN Essay same idea in the same paragraph . No matter how you plan out gate theory of pain example, your essay, try to make it as easy as possible to morrisons discount 2016 follow your arguments. Being able to communicate clearly is a key skill for college and gate control example, life in general, so it makes sense that it would be tested on the ACT (a college entrance exam). ACT essay graders care more about the clarity of your thoughts than the fanciness of your language. Clarity of writing normally entails using proper grammar and clear, non-convoluted sentence structures. Throwing in fancy vocab won’t get you anywhere if it makes things less clear instead of more clear (I've seen this happen too many times to count). In addition, re-reading and revising your essay can help you make sure you are saying what you mean.

Example of an unclear sentence: Machines are more practical because they are cheaper and so you can hire less people to baby p do the work and pay less money overall and theory of pain, so you have a better profit margin. Example of a clearer sentence (revised): Machines are more practical and cheaper in the long run because you can higher fewer people to get the same work done. TURNS out, the steam engine was more practical (and cheaper in staff discount 2016, the long run) than a thousand people pushing and pulling a train by hand. What Does This Mean For Your ACT Essay? Be clear up front what your perspective on the issue is. Don't hide your thesis. Make it obvious when you’re discussing each perspective (and make sure to of pain example discuss the relationship between your perspective and at least one other ). Support each argument with reasoning and/or specific examples. Take time to Nature What Determines plan so you can write an organized essay. Focus on writing clearly before you start worrying about using advanced vocabulary. You've learned what your essay needs to theory include.

But how you do you decode the prompt? Follow along as I teach you how to Nature or Nurture: What Determines Our Behavior? Essay attack ACT Writing prompts. Theory Of Pain! Want to improve your ACT score by ADOPTION BAN Essay 4 points? Check out our best-in-class online ACT prep program. We guarantee your money back if you don't improve your ACT score by 4 points or more. Our program is entirely online, and it customizes what you study to your strengths and weaknesses. If you liked this ACT Writing lesson, you'll love our program. Along with more detailed lessons, you'll get your ACT essays hand-graded by a master instructor who will give you customized feedback on how you can improve.

We'll also give you a step-by-step program to follow so you'll never be confused about what to study next. Check out our 5-day free trial: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Laura graduated magna cum laude from Wellesley College with a BA in Music and Psychology, and earned a Master's degree in Composition from the Longy School of Music of Bard College. She scored 99 percentile scores on the SAT and theory of pain, GRE and loves advising students on how to or Nurture: Our Behavior? excel in high school. You should definitely follow us on social media. You'll get updates on our latest articles right on your feed.

Follow us on all 3 of control example, our social networks: Have any questions about this article or other topics? Ask below and we'll reply! Series: How to ADOPTION BAN Essay Get 800 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get to 600 on Each SAT Section: Series: How to Get 36 on Each ACT Section: Our hand-selected experts help you in a variety of other topics! Looking for Graduate School Test Prep? Check out gate control example, our top-rated graduate blogs here: Get the RUSSIAN'S latest articles and control theory example, test prep tips! © PrepScholar 2013-2015. All rights reserved.

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Cours et exercices MERISE [Résolu/Fermé] Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. On considere une relation R construite sur les attributs Proprietaire, Occupant, Adresse, Noapt, Nbpieces, Nbpersonnes, un nuplet (p, o, a, n, nb1, nb2) ayant la signification suivante : la personne o habite avec nb2 personnes l'appartement de numero n ayant nb1 pieces dont le proprietaire est p. Une analyse de cette relation nous fournit un ensemble initial E de dependances fonctionnelles : adresse, noapt -- proprietaire. adresse, noapt -- occupant. adresse, noapt -- nbpieces. 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E.

2- Quelles sont les cles potentielles de R ? 3- R est elle en 3eme forme normale ? On considere le schema relationnel R defini sur les attributs suivants : un nuplet (c, p, h, s, e, n) a pour signification que le cours c est fait par le professeur p a l'heure h dans la salle s par l'etudiant e qui a recu la note n. L'ensemble E des dependances fonctionnelles initiales est le suivant : 1- Donner l'ensemble des dependances fonctionnelles elementaires engendrees par E. 2- Quelle est la cle de la relation R ? Montrer qu'elle est unique. 3- Quelle est la forme normale de la relation R ? Si elle n'est pas en 3FN proposer une decomposition en 3FN. On considere les deux relations suivantes ou les cles sont en caracteres gras : * LESFILMS(TITRE, PAYS, ANNEE, REALISATEUR, DUREE) et ou les attributs ont les significations et les types suivants: -TITRE : titre d'un film (chaine 50 caracteres) -PAYS : pays d'ou un film est originaire (chaine 10 caracteres) -ANNEE : annee de sortie du film (entier 4 chiffres) -REALISATEUR: Nom du realisateur du film (chaine 20 caracteres) - DUREE : duree du film en mn (entier 3 chiffres) -ACTEUR : Nom d'acteur (chaine 20 caracteres) La relation LESFILMS donne pour chaque film identifie par son titre, le pays , l'annee de sortie, realisateur et la duree. La relation LESACTEURS donne pour chaque film l'ensemble des principaux acteurs. A l'aide de l'algebre relationnelle exprimer les requetes suivantes:

Q1: Liste des films francais (titre, annee, realisateur). Q2: Donnez les annees de sortie des films tournes par GABIN. 1- soient les tables suivantes. Artiste(Num art Nom, prenom , date_nais) ?uvre (Num ov, titre) Produire( #Num_art #Num ov) 1. Gate Of Pain! schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees. 2- faire les requetes suivantes. a-compter le nombre d'artistes ? b- selectionner les noms des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? c- compter le nombre d'?uvre ? d- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui commence par la lettre i ? e- selectionner les numeros des artistes qui sont produire l'?uvre numero 3 ? f- donner la liste des numeros des artistes qui ont pas produire. Dans le domaine curriculum vitae, on or Nurture: What Our Behavior? dispose des informations ci-apres : 1- nom et prenom de l'individu.

2- date de naissance de l'individu. 3- langues pratiquees par l'individu. 4- designation du diplome. 5- designation des centres d'interet (sport, musique ) a- schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? b- donner le model relationnel des donnees ? Pour les etudiants de ISET on gate control theory of pain example utilise une base des donnees pour gerer les resultats de fin d’annee. RUSSIAN'S! Cette base est composee des relations suivantes : Matiere ( codemat , coefjp ,coef_ecrit, coef_mat ) Etudiant ( numinsc ,nom ,prenom ,date_nais ?tel ) Evaluation ( # code_mat, # num insc , note_exam) 1. Gate Control Theory Example! schematiser le model conceptuel des donnees ? 2. Or Nurture: What Our Behavior?! refaire le model relationnel des donnees ? 3. Gate Theory Of Pain Example! creer les tables en mode de creation ? 4. Booty I Like! remplissez les tables par des informations arbitraires ? 5. Gate Theory Of Pain! compter le nombre des etudiants qui sont inscrit ? 6. Booty I Like! quel est le nombre des matieres ? 7. Control Example! quel est le nombre des etudiants ayant une note d'examen superieur ou. 8. Baby P! quels sont les etudiants qui n'ont pas la moyenne dans l'examen ? 9. Gate Control! selectionner les etudiants qui sont passer l'examen ? 10. Weight Essay! donner les noms ,les prenoms des etudiants qui ont la moyenne dans. 11. Gate Of Pain Example! les matieres qui ne sont pas evaluer ? 12. Booty I Like! selectionner le code du matiere ,sa coefficient de TP, sa coeff. Gate Example! d'ecrit ? 13. Weight! refaire question 12 en selectionnant aussi le note de l'examen ? Schema 1 - MODELE CONCEPTUEL DES DONNEES.

2. Gate Control Example! A partir de ce que l'on comprend du 1er schema, presentez un MCD corrige. 3. Baby P! Deduisez de votre MCD un Modele Logique des Donnees normalise (toutes les relations en 3FN) ARTICLE (ref_art, lib_art, pu_art) RELEVE (date_vte, ref_art, no_vendeur, qte) CCIAL (no_vendeur, nom, prenom, ville) SECTEUR (code_secteur, ville_sect, no_vendeur) 1. Control Example! Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite d'entite : - Verifier les cles primaires (doivent etre uniques et non nulles) 2. What Determines! Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de domaine : (Voir les rubriques Taille du champ, Masque de saisie, Valide si en utilisant l'aide contextuelle F1) - Le prix unitaire des articles ne peut pas etre inferieur ou egal a zero. - Le nom des commerciaux doit etre au maximum de 25 lettres majuscules, espaces autorises. 3. Gate Example! Ajouter les contraintes d'integrite de reference. 4. Morrisons Days 2016! Creer la table SECTEUR.

5. Control Theory Of Pain! Ecrire les requetes permettant d'obtenir les informations suivantes : 1. RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay! Afficher les articles dont le prix est superieur a 500. 2. Gate Example! Afficher tous les articles dont le prix est compris entre 200 et 500 avec tri decroissant sur prix. 3. Morrisons Discount Days 2016! Afficher les articles avec le prix converti en dollars (hyp. Control Of Pain Example! : 1 dollar = 1,07 ) 4. Booty I Like! Afficher les articles dont le libelle contient le mot clavier ou Clavier 5. Gate Control Of Pain Example! Afficher le nombre d'articles disponibles. 6. Booty I Like! Afficher le prix de l'article le plus cher, le moins cher et le prix moyen. 7. Gate Theory Of Pain! Afficher les ref et lib des articles ayant ete vendus au moins une fois. 8. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION! Afficher le montant total des ventes realisees par Gates. 9. Theory Of Pain Example! Afficher la ref et le libelle des articles vendus en mars 2002, tries par libelle.

10. Morrisons Staff 2016! Afficher pour chaque date, le montant total des ventes journalieres, trie par CA decroissant. 11. Control Theory Of Pain Example! Dates ou il y a eu au moins une vente (sans doublons) 12.

Liste (libelle) des articles qui ont ete vendus au moins une fois (sans doublons) 13. ADOPTION! Nombre d'articles differents ayant ete vendus (chaque ref trouvee compte pour 1) 14. Of Pain! Libelle des articles tries par prix decroissant (uniquement ceux dont la ref. Staff Days! est superieure a 1040, en excluant ceux dont le prix est superieur a 1000 ) 15. Theory! Articles dont le nom contient « disquette » ainsi que ceux dont le prix est superieur a 20K. 16. Morrisons Staff Discount! Articles dont le prix est compris entre 10K et 15K , tries par prix decroissant. 17. Gate Control Theory! Ref. Weight Essay! des articles et quantite totale vendue de chaque article. 18.

Pour chaque date, quantite moyenne journaliere d’articles vendus. 19. Gate Of Pain Example! Nom des vendeurs ayant vendu quelque chose le 13/01/2002. 20. What Our Behavior?! Afficher pour chaque nom de vendeur, le CA total realise en janvier 2002. 21. Theory Of Pain Example! Libelle et prix des articles moins chers que la « pince a listing » (vous n’etes bien sur pas cense connaitre le prix de la pince) 22. Booty I Like! Libelle et quantite vendue de l’article qui detient le record de ventes journalieres. 23.

Liste des vendeurs habitant dans la meme ville que le vendeur n°13. 24. Example! Ref. Nature Or Nurture: Determines Essay! et libelle des articles pour lesquels il n’y a pas eu de vente. Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. Gate Control Theory! les associations entre les entites ? 3. Bias Essay! quels sont les types de ces associations ? 4. Gate Control Of Pain! selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms des auteurs? 5. Morrisons Days! selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, tel des auteurs ? 6. Control Theory! selectionner les codes, noms, prenoms, dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. 7. Bias Essay! selectionner les code, noms, prenoms , dates des naissances des auteurs qui realisons. des exercices qui possede des difficultes ? 8. Example! donner les codes d'exercices et sont types et ces nombres qui possede des difficultes ? 9. Narrative Therapy! donner les types des difficultes et ces libelles estimer ? 10. Theory Example! donner le code d'exercice et son type et sa difficulte qui lui possede ? Exercice 1 : soit le model conceptuel suivant. 2. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION! les associations entre les entites ? 3. Gate Control Of Pain! deduire le MRD ? 4. Weight In Society! selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms ? 5. Control Theory Of Pain Example! selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 2 ? 6. Narrative And Family! selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs qui sont fait le match numero 1 ? 7. Control! refaire question 6 en affichant le temps ? 8. Weight Bias Essay! selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenoms et ces equipes ? 9. Gate Of Pain Example! les equipes qui sont joue des matches ? 10. Narrative Therapy Therapy Essay Example! selectionner les numeros des licences des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils.

11. Control Of Pain! selectionner les numeros des licence des joueurs, noms, prenom, l'action qu'ils faisant. et dans quelle match ? Epargnant (n°epargnant ,nom,prenom) Ce Schema correspond aux places financieres ou sont cotes les titres (action ,obligations, ..)de l’entreprise. Ces titres sont detenus par des epargnants. ADOPTION! Un epargnant peut detenir plusieurs portefeuilles de titres qui peuvent etre geres par divers societes d’intermediation. A – Creer la base de donnees Compte en respectant le MLD ci-dessus. B – Ecrire les requetes SQL suivantes : 1. Gate Control Of Pain Example! La liste des epargnants qui possedent le titre WAFABANK. 2. Baby P! Les titres cotes a la fois a la place de casablanca et au caire.

3. Gate Example! Calcul des valeurs des titres detenus par Mr SUBHI. 4. Narrative Therapy And Family Therapy Essay! Les titres qui ont progresse de plus de 20% depuis leur introduction en bourse. 5. Control Theory Example! Suppression des titres du portefeuille n°15 du monsieur hassani. 6. RUSSIAN'S! Les actionnaires detenant l’action BMCE et BCM. 7. Gate Control Of Pain! Les epargnants qui n’ont plus de portefeuille de titre. 8. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION! Les societes d’intermediation qui ne gerent plus de portefeuilles contenant le titre ONA. Prepare par : Ahmed OULD TEBAKH, ing. Consultant en informatique. 05 decembre 2006. Mots-clef : Merise.

MCD. Gate Theory! entite, association, MLD. Baby P! relation, traduction, MPD. 1 Modele conceptuel de donnees (MCD) 2. 11 Sc hema (mtite-assoriatioi) 2. 1.2 Cas particuliers 4. 13 Roules de normalisation 6. 14 Methodlogie 7. 2 Modele logique de donnees (MLD) 7. 2.1 Systemes logiques 7. 2.2 Scliema relationnel 8. 2.3 Traduction 8.

3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) 12 4 Retro-conception 12. 5 Compleme nts 13. 5.1 Agregation 13. 5.2 Identifiant relatif 14. 5.3 Sous entite .. Gate Theory Of Pain! . Morrisons Staff Discount! .. Control Theory Example! 16. 5.-3 Sous-associat ion .. Baby P! . Gate Theory! 17.

2 MODELE LOGIQUE DE DONNEES (MLD) 8. 2.2 Schema relationnel. Concentrons-nous sur le MLDR. Booty I Like! Lorsque des donnees ont la meme structure (comme par exemple, les bordereaux de livraison), on control peut les organiser en table dans laquelle les colonnes decrivent les champs en commun et les lignes contiennent les valeurs de ces champs pour chaque enregistrement. Les lignes d'une table doivent etre uniques, cela signifie qu'une colonne (au moins) doit servir de cle primaire. Nature What Determines Our Behavior?! La cle primaire d'une ligne ne doit pas changer au cours du temps et ne peut contenir la valeur NULL, alors que les autres colonnes le peuvent. Par ailleurs, il se peut qu'une colonne Colonnel d'une table ne doive contenir que des valeurs prises par une colonne Colonne2 d'une autre table (par exemple, le numero du client sur une commande doit correspondre a un vrai numero de client). Gate Control Of Pain Example! La Colonne2 doit etre sans doublons (bien souvent il s'agit d'une cle primaire) et on baby p dit que la Colonnel est cle etrangere.

Par convention, on gate control theory example souligne les cles primaires et on baby p fait preceder les cles etrangeres d'un diese # dans la description des colonnes d'une table : clients(numero client, nom client, prenom, adresse client, . Theory! ) commandes(numero commande, date, #numero client, . Baby P! ) - une meme table peut avoir plusieurs cles etrangeres mais une seule cle primaire (eventuellement. composees de plusieurs colonnes) ; - une cle etrangere peut aussi etre primaire; une cle etrangere peut etre composee (c'est le cas si la cle primaire en liaison est composee). Control Theory Of Pain! La section suivante contient des exemples. On peut represente]- les tables d'une base de donnees relationnelle par un schema relationnel dans lequel les tables sont appelees relations et les liens entre les cles etrangeres et leur cle primaire est symbolise par un connecteur : Pour traduire un MOD en troisieme forme normale en un MLDR. Or Nurture: What Essay! il suffit d'appliquer cinq regles (a connaitre par coeur). Gate Control Example! Mais avant, on morrisons staff days dit qu'une association entre deux entites (eventuellement reflexive) est de type : - 1 : 1 si les deux cardinalites sont 0,1 ou 1,1 ; - 1 : n si une des deux cardinalite est 0,n ou l.n; - n : m (plusieurs a plusieurs) si les deux cardinalites sont 0,n ou l,n. En fait, un schema relationnel ne peut faire la difference entre 0,n et l,n. Control Example! Par contre, il peut la faire outre 0.1 et 1,1 (cf. Therapy Therapy Essay! regles 2 et 3). Regle 1 : toute entite devient une table dans laquelle les attributs deviennent des colonnes. Gate Control! L'identifiant de l'entite constitue alors la cle primaire de la table. Par exemple, l'entite articles de la figure 9 devient la table : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . Bias Essay! ) Regle 2 : dans le cas de deux entites reliees par une association de type 1 : n, on gate theory of pain ajoute une cle etrangere dans la table cote 0.1 ou 1,1, vers la cle primaire de la table cote 0,n ou l,n. Morrisons Staff! Les attributs de l'association glissent vers la table cote 0,1 ou 1,1.

Et si la cardinalite est 1,1 alors la cle etrangere ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autrement dit, vide interdit). Par exemple, l'association livrer de la figure 9 est traduite par : fournisseurs(numero fournisseur, nom fournisseur, telephone, . Gate Theory! ) livraisons(numero livraison, date, #numero fournisseur (non vide), nom livreur) ajoute une contrainte d'unicite sur chaque de ces cles etrangeres la colonne correspondante ne peut. prendre que des valeurs distincte- Les attributs de l'association sont alors repartis vers l'une des deux tables. Bias In Society! Et si la cardinalite est 1.1 alors la cle etrangere concernee ne peut recevoir la valeur NULL (autre¬ment dit, vide. Par exemple. Gate Control Theory Example! l'association resider de la figure 8 est traduite p. etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, . RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay! ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, #numero personnel (unique), montant du loyer, . Control Theory Of Pain Example! ) En fait, la regle 3 considere que le type 1 : 1 correspond a deux type 1 : n symetriques. Morrisons Discount Days! Autre technique : ajouter une table intermediaire dont la cle primaire est composee de cles etrangeres vers les cles primaires des tables en association et une contrainte d'unicite sur ces cles etrangeres (c'est-a-dire considerer le type ] : 1 comme un cas particulier du type n : m) : etres humains(numero personnel, nom, prenom, . Theory! ) logement(numero appartement, adresse, . Booty I Like! ) resider(#numero personnel (unique), #numero appartement (unique), date d'entree, montant du loyer) 2 MODELE LOGIQ UE DE DONNEES (MLD) 11. Par exemple, l'association concerner (1) de la figure 9 est traduite par : articles(numero article, nom article, prix unitaire de vente, . Of Pain! ) lignes de commande (tournero commande, #numero article, quantite commandee) commandes(numero commande, date, . RUSSIAN'S BAN Essay! ) exemple, l'association vols de la figure 7 devient la table : . Gate Of Pain Example! s(#numero avion, toumero pilote, toumero aeroport, date et heure, duree, distance)

3 Modele physique de donnees (MPD) Bien que certains outils (PowerAMC notamment) considere que le MPD et le MLD representent la meme chose, c'est faux. Baby P! Le MPD est une implementation particuliere du MLD pour un materiel, un environnement et un logiciel donne. Notamment, le MPD s'interesse au stockage des donnees a travers le type et la taille (en octets ou en bits) des attributs du MCD. Control Theory Of Pain Example! Cela permet, de prevoir la place necessaire a chaque table dans le cas d'un SGBDR. Le MPD tient compte des limites materielles et logicielles afin d'optimiser l'espace consomme et d'optimiser le temps de calcul (qui representent deux optimisations contradictoires). Nature Or Nurture: What Determines Our Behavior?! Dans le cas d'un SGBDR, le MPD definit les index et peut etre amene a accepter certaines redondances d'information afin d'accelerer les requetes. Par exemple, la table commandes de la figure 14 peut etre supprimees et ses colonnes, notamment date, sont ajoutees a la table lignes de commandes. Theory Of Pain Example! On renonce donc a la troisieme forme normale.

Une application pratique de la separation entre le MLDR et le MPD est le portage d'une base de nees d'un SGBD a un autre. Baby P! Par exemple, on control of pain example peut traduire un MPD Access on baby p un MLDR puis traduire MLDR en un MPD Oracle. Dans la majorite des cas, le travail du concepteur de bases de donnees consiste non pas a creer une. mais plutot a corriger ou etendre une base existante. Theory Of Pain Example! Dans ce cas, la donnee est un modele lethode consiste a. Booty I Like! le traduire en un modele conceptuel, modifier ce modele et regenerer le modele physique modifie.

Il s'agit de retro-conception ou reverse engineering. bases de donnees relationnelles, il suffit de traduire le modele physique en un MLDR, puis d'appiquer les regles de traduction du paragraphe 2.3 dans le sens inverse. Regle 1 les tables dont la cle primaire est non composee (et non cle etrangere) deviennent des. entites ( les colonnes - non cles etrangeres deviennent dos attributs et la cle primaire devient identifiant). Regle 2 : les tables dont la cle primaire est composee (exclusivement) de cles etrangeres deviennent. des associations n-aires, ou n est le nombre de colonne definissant la cle primaire (les autres colonnes non.

cles etrangeres de viennent attributs). Regle 3 : les colonnes cles etrangeres restantes deviennent des associations binaires de type 1 : n (il reste a re-inventer leur nom). Regle 4 : les cardinalites minimales sont 1 si figure la. Gate Control Of Pain Example! mention (non vide) et a retrouver par le bon sens sinon (0 par defaut). Bias Essay! Les cardinalites maximales sont 1 ou n selon que la mention (unique) figure ou non. Les extensions presentees dans cette section font partie de la version 2 de Merise (cf. Control Theory Example! [ ]).

Elles. permettent de traiter certaines situations reelles plus simplement. Exemple : dans un entreprise dont les representants vendent des produits dans differentes regions, une des regles de gestion est qu'un produit pour une region donnee, ne peut etre vendu que par un seul representant. Si on Narrative Therapy se contente du schema de la figure 17, alors cette regle n'est pas forcement respectee. Gate Control Theory Of Pain! Il faut. L'agregation constitue alors une entite dont l'identifiant est compose des identifiants de ses propres. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . Narrative Essay Example! ) regions(numero region, nom region, . Gate Theory Example! ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Narrative Therapy And Family Therapy! ) couvrir(#numero region, ftnumero produit. Example! #numero representant (non vide), date et heure) type n : m (cf. Or Nurture: What Essay! figure 19). Gate Control! alors le schema relationnel ferait intervenir une table supplementaire. representants(numero representant, nom representant, . BAN Essay! ) regions(numero region, nom region, . Gate Control Of Pain! ) produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Therapy Therapy Essay! ) couvrir(numero region. Gate Control Theory Of Pain Example! #numero produit) vendre(##numero region. And Family Therapy Essay Example! ##numero produit, #numero representant, date et heure) une eut: du batiment numerote les factures relatives a un chantier par le numero du. -uivi d'un numero automatique. Control Theory Of Pain Example! Les factures du chantier 14 sont 1401, 1402 et 1403 tandis que . Essay! chantier 15 sont 1501 et 1502.

Exemple : les factures d'une entreprise font l'objet d'un reglement par cheque ou par carte. Gate Control! Cette entreprise souhaite connaitre pour tous les reglements, leur date, pour les reglements par cheque, le nom de la banque et le numero du cheque et pour les reglements par carte, le numero de la carte, le nom de la banque et la date d'expiration. On a donc une entite generique reglements et deux entites specialisees cheques et cartes. Booty I Like! Ces deux sous-entites de l'entite reglements ont des attributs propres mais pas d'identifiants propres. Sur le schema entite-association, on gate control example represente le lien qui unie une sous-entite a son entite generique par une fleche (cf. RUSSIAN'S ADOPTION BAN Essay! figure 22 ).

La traduction des sous-entites au niveau logique relationnel fait intervenir une cle primaire commune ussi etrangere : reglements(numero reglement, date, nom banque) cheques(#numero reglement, numero cheque) cartes(#numero reglement, numero carte, date expiration) Remarque au niveau logique objet, on control example retrouve la notion d'heritage. Exemple : une entreprise artisanale vend non seulement des produits a prix unitaire fixe, mais aussi des produits sur mesure dont le prix unitaire est calcule a partir de la duree de confection et d'un taux horaire. Dans ce cas. Booty I Like! non seulement l'entite produits est specialisee en produits standards et produits personnalises, mais en plus, l'association concerner entre les entites commandes et produits est specialisee selon qu'il s'agit d'un produit standard ou personnalise (cf. Gate! figure 23 ). On a alors les sov s-associations concerner standard et concerner personnalise dont le lien avec l'association generique concerner est represente par une fleche. Dans le schema relationnel, les sous-associations sont traduites de la meme maniere que l'association generique correspondante, mais avec leurs attributs propres : produits(numero produit, nom produit, . Narrative Therapy Essay Example! ) produits standards(#(l)numero produit, prix unitaire) produits personnalises(#(2)numero produit, taux horaire) coccndes(numero commande, date, . Gate Control Theory! . Narrative Therapy Example! . Gate Theory! ) concerner(#numero commande, #numero produit, quantite) concerner standard(##numero commande, 3#(l)numero produit) concerner personnalise(##numero corjr.ar.de. What Our Behavior? Essay! ##(2)numero produit, duree)

Interets de la decomposition MCD/MLD/MPD : - le MOD permet d'eviter certaines erreurs de conception (en contradiction avec les regles de norma¬ le MCD permet de voir facilement quelles associations de type n : m, non binaires ou reflexives sont en presence (c'est important) ; - le MLD peut etre obtenu automatiquement par des outils de genie logiciel ; - le MCD peut etre traduit en differents MLD coherents (notamment on control theory of pain example peut traduire un MCD en. un MLDR puis en une base de donnees Access tandis qu'en parallele le MCD est traduit en un. ensemble de classes Java (MPD oriente objet) afin de developper une application web sur cette base. Cependant, la methodologie Merise est typiquement francaise. Narrative And Family Essay Example! En Grande-Bretagne, la methodologie standard s'appelle SSADM (Structured Systems Analysis ans Design Method) et repose sur les memes principes. Control Theory Of Pain Example! Les nord-americains utilisent ce qu'on appelle des diagrammes de flux dont les principes sont repris par la version 2 de Merise. Aujourd'hui, ce sont les methodologies objets et leur unification UML (Unified Modeling Language, autrement dit langage unifie de modelisation objet) qui tendent a remplacer Merise et ses extensions objets. Weight Bias! Le lecteur est donc invite a se documenter sur le cadre UML pour etre a la pointe de l'etat de l'art en methodologie de conception. Table des figures.

2 Associations 2. 1 Identifiants 3. 5 Cardinaiites 4. (i Association reflexive 4. 7 Association ternaire 5. 8 Associations plurielles 5. 9 Normalisation des relations G. 10 Schema relationnel 8. 11 Traduction d'une association de type 1 : n 9. !) Traduction d'une association de type 1:1 10.

13 Traduction alternative d'une association de type 1:1 10. M Traduction d'une association de type n : m 11. 15 Traduction d'une association ternaire 11. 16 Sacrifice de la troisieme forme normale 12. 17 Mauvais MCD 13. 18 Solution avec- agregation 14. 19 Agregation avec une association de type n : m 15. 20 Identifiant par concatenation 15. 21 Representation d'un identifiant relatif 16.

22 Representat ion des sous-entites 16. 23 Representation des sou^-associa?ions 17. mon email est : lakhdar_yissam@yahoo.fr. Pour les reponses aux questions sur MERISE : il y a aussi l'excellente F.A.Q MERISE : http://uml.developpez.com/faq/merise/ je veux savoir est ce que le nombre des flux du MCC doivent etre egaux aux nombres d'operations du MCT? et merci d'avance. pour les ex de merise pour debutant je vous propose ce site: j'espere que je trouve celui qui va m'aider sachant j'ai un examen sur les systemes d'information dans 5 jours. 1/ Construire le MCD a partir des informartions recoltees aupres des utilisateurs et determiner ainsi les entites en jeux, les associations, les cardinalites ie les regles de gestions, les proprietes. 2/ Construire le MCT = cad traduire les consequences d unevenement precis sur le SI. Je comprend ce qu est le MCT . Gate Example! Ce que je ne comprend c est a quel moment il intervient dans la realisation de mon SI automatise . Nature Or Nurture: What Our Behavior? Essay! Je sais que le MCD se traduit facilement en MLd mais que vient faire le MCT dasn tt ca? 3/ Le MOT = comment se determine t il et meme question sur son action dans la realisation du SI. le mct va definire la circulation des docs etudies par expl l'evenemant declancheur c'est le depot d'un dossier (pour inscription) op: verification du dossier.

etat(resultat de l'op): dossier accepter ou dossier rejeter. pour le mot vous allez en + vous allez etre obliger de definir le type de l'op (manuel, automatique ou semiautomatique) c'est tous que je me rappel pour l'instant. je suis un etudiant en systeme d'information j'ai besoin queleque. donne sur l'analyse merise. Si c'est possible je veux quelques exercices sur MLT (guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et la quantification des MOD de la methode merise version 2. le site que vous cherchez est le suivant:www.enitab.fr/resource_pedago/support_cours/merise. je le trouve tres interressant. si vous voulez je cherche un site riche en UML. Min ketata hajer. si c'est possible, je veux quelques exercices sur MLT(guidage fonctionnel, NNI, dialogue) et sur la quantification des MOD de la methode MERISE 2. je vous serai reconnaissant si vous me repondez. prendre comme le cas d'un debutant.

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